In the games and sports fields there are many areas in which campers can use arts and crafts techniques and media. Some of these areas have to do with creating equipment, and some with keeping equipment in good repair. Some are good for service projects for the camp by a group of campers, and some serve as individual projects for campers in making their own designs, adaptations, and decorations. Game sets for rainy-day use or for quiet periods, archery targets and tackle, waterfront equipment, Indian game materials, and board games with pegs or counters or "men"-all these are possibilities for camper handcraft activities.
This chapter supplements many other projects in the book; the chapters on special fields and techniques will serve as the basis for the creating of the articles. Directions for playing games will be found in many game books, and especially in The Camp Program Book in the chapters on Cabin Door and Informal Games. Suggestions for Indian and pioneer games will be found in The Book of Indian Crafts and Indian Lore and in Primitive and Pioneer Sports.
GAMES and SPORTS EQUIPMENT
Games using boards, such as checkers, may be made on stumps or from pieces of interesting wood from lumber yards and cabinetmakers' shops. Natural objects, such as pebbles, acorns, seeds, etc., can be used as "men" or counters. Boards may be carved or marked and counters made with a minimum of woodworking tools, such as jackknife, saw, chisel, drills, and finishing materials. Pegs for ring games can be whittled as beginning projects in woodworking. Old favorites take on new flavor when the equipment is made by the campers, or when ingenuity makes it easy to set up a game wherever campers may be. Handmade equipment is less expensive and often more durable than commercial game sets, and it gives the added satisfaction of a good craft project.
Ticktacktoe and checkerboards-make wooden bases, using woodcarving tools to mark divisions. Sand well, and wax for durable finish, or paint. Make "men" from slices of wood or nuts, or from whittled or natural objects (Fig. XVIII-1).
Puzzle boards are fun for individual play. The one pictured is from the Kentucky Mountains. It has 3 whittled pegs set in a board, and 6 squares of wood (each a different wood) with a hole drilled in the center of each. Biggest is 314" square, smallest I14" square, others in between. All should be well sanded and waxed. Puzzle is to move the pile of graduated squares, one move at a time, to other pegs, so the pile is finally on another peg, in same order (Fig. XVIII-2). Time the operation for competition. More intricate puzzles are those where pieces of wood interlock.
Ring toss-whittle pegs and drill holes in board to hold pegs. Put extra pegs at back for legs to hold board at slant. Use ring splice (see Figs. 11-105-107) to make the rings. Paint or tape a colored strip for scoring (Fig. XVIII-3).
Bean bag games-make bean bags of lightweight canvas, denim, leather scraps, etc., using leather stitches (see Chap. V). Use pebbles, coarse sand, dried corn or beans, for fillings. A board for bean bag toss can be made with holes sawed with compass saw (Fig. XVIII-4 a). Nets (see Chap. II) can be made to tack in back of holes, to catch bags. Tin cans nailed to boards can be used instead of holes (Fig. XVIII-4 b).
Skittles- small wooden pegs and a throwing stick may be whittled from rough sticks, kindling, or broom handles (Fig. XVIII-5). See The Camp Program Book for directions for playing. This a Pioneer game.
Pins for bowls are longer-use with indoor baseballs.
Many games can be played by two or more campers, using sticks and other handmade equipment. A few sets of such equipment, ready for introductory play, will stimulate campers to play the game, and eventually to make their own sets of equipment.
Toss and catch is an Indian game of a stick and wooden, bone, or leather rings held by a thong (Fig. XVIII-6). See The Book of Indian Crafts and Indian Lore for directions for playing.
Lemmy sticks or Maori sticks are sticks used in rhythmic tapping, tossing, and twirling by two (or four) players. Sticks are about 10" long and thick as a broom handle; they may be decorated by carving, painting, or staining (Fig. XVIII-7). See Group Fun and The Camp Program Book for directions for playing.
Snake or snow sticks are sticks that are huTled across ice, hard snow, or hard ground for distance and for accuracy. The bottom is flattened, and the end carved as a head (Fig. XVIII-8). See The Book of Indian Crafts and Indian Lore.
Lacrosse sticks are made of forked sticks and netting (Fig. XVI11-9). They may be used informally for "catch" or in the game of lacrosse. See The Book of Indian Crafts and Indian Lore.
Some activities that are termed "play activities" may be enjoyed as individual or group activities. Kites, stilts, walking sticks, and tricks are typical equipment for such activities.
Kites-for camps with open fields and windy days, this activity has wide scope for originality in design and construction. It is also a good international play activity (Fig. XVIII-10).
Stilts are fun for younger campers. The stilts can be made with rough sticks or finished lumber. A cutout on side of stick helps to hold the "step" with a screw or two and lashing (see any campcraft book) to fasten securely (Fig. XVIII-11).
Hike or totem sticks-these are staffs to help with climbing, with construction, or to tell a story. A stick that reaches in height to between shoulder and elbow is good. Mark in feet and inches for measuring heights and distances, or burn or carve "totem" signs to tell the history of the owner's adventures (Fig. XVIII-12) .
Sky hook-this is a sort of trick game, using a wooden "hook" to balance a belt or similar object. Sky hooks are fun to make and to use. The one shown is about 31/2" long, to be used with 1" belt. Trick is to balance the sky hook on the end of finger or table; it works only when a strap or something similar is hung on the hook (Fig. XVIII-13).
On the waterfront there are many ways in which campers can make equipment to add to the fun in the water, or to the shipshape appearance of the setup. Well-whipped or spliced ends of ropes and lines (see Chap. II) on boats and canoes, on markers for the swimming areas, or on the lines used with life preservers; bumpers made of braided rope; stenciled symbols and names on boats, canoes, paddles, oars: these are all good craft ventures for campers. Here are some suggestions:
Flutter boards-make them smooth and colorful (Fig. XVIII-14).
Markers for swimming areas-floaters or flags (Fig. XVIII-15).
Paddles and oars-keep them in good condition, well-marked, well-sanded, colorful. Make a rack for them, using lashing, or whittled pegs (Fig. XVIII-16). Advanced campers may make their own paddles. Bumpers for the docks (Fig. XVII-17). Also see chapter on Braiding and Knotting, Figures 11-76-81.
Archery Target. Fig.XVIII-19.
Keeping boats and canoes in good condition is a craftsman's job, too.
For shallow pools, brooks, creeks, etc., younger campers will like to make boat models, water wheels, bridges,etc. (Fig. XVIII-18).
Various pieces of archery equipment may be made. Targets can be made of grass or straw, using basketry coil techniques (Fig. XVIII-19 a; also see Fig. Ill-15 in chapter on Basketry) . Target faces can be painted on oilcloth, lightweight canvas, or heavy paper (Fig. XVIII-19 b). Easels for holding targets can be lashed (Fig. XVIII-19 c). Other pieces to make are leather tackle-quivers, arm guards, etc. (see Chap. V on Leather) ; wire racks for arrows (Fig. XVIII-20) ; racks for bows, using wooden pegs (Fig. XVIII-21). For advanced archers, the making and repairing of" arrows and bows is suggested.
Some things to do are illustrated in Figure XVIII-22: bases made of burlap or canvas, stuffed with straw or grass; nets for badminton, volley ball, tennis, etc.; repairing of leather balls and nets; improvised lacrosse and other sticks. (See chapters on Leatherwork and Braiding and Knotting.)
Make pegs with jackknife and wood scraps for hanging all kinds of equipment (see Chap. X). Make boxes with trays for storing games, sports equipment, etc. (see Chap. XVI). Make bags for toting and storing sails, balls, etc. (see Chap. XVI). Make signs for storage shelves, signing-out charts, etc. (see Chap. XI). Some of the articles that may be made are illustrated in Figure XVIII-23.
Various items of trip equipment (Fig. XVI11-24) may be made: saddle bags .for bicycle or horseback; shelters for equipment; first-aid kits and covers; baskets or chuck boxes to fit into canoes or station wagons; waterproofed covers for packs, etc. (see Leatherwork, Basketry, and Equipment Making chapters).