Four-Strand Round Or Spiral Braided Lanyard

This project uses either seine twine or flat strips of leather or gimp lacing. A good step in progression is made with the sliding knot to finish off the lanyard.

Equipment needed: peg or nail; knife; awl.

Materials needed: leather lacing, flat gimp or seine twine or similar small cord; swivel (from craft supply house).

Steps

1. To measure and cut: cut 2 lengths each 6 times the desired length of finished lanyard. Do not cut loops. If two colors are used, cut one length of each color and arrange alternately. Draw strands through ring of swivel so it is in center of strands (Fig. 11-76).

2. To braid: hang swivel on peg. With strand 1, go around back, come through between strands 3 and 4, cross over 3 to left (Fig. 11-77) and hold at left center. Strands are now 2, 1, 3, 4 (Fig. 11-78).

With strand 4, go in back, come up between strands 2 and 1 on left, cross over strand 1, to center right (Fig. 11-79). Strands are now 2, 1, 4, 3.

Cross Over 4 To Left

With strand 2, go in back, come through between 4 and 3; cross over 4 to left (Fig. 11-80). Grasp strands in both hands (Fig. 11-81), and pull sideways, to tighten braiding.

Continue with strand 3, as for 4 above.

Repeat, continuing to within 12" of ends of strands, and finish off with sliding knot (below). 3, To make sliding knot: make loop in lanyard, with swivel at top; hold between left thumb and forefinger

Arrange Strands So Colors Are Alternate

(Fig. 11-82). Arrange strands so colors are alternate- 1 and S of one color, 2 and 4 of the other (Fig. 11-82).

Working counterclockwise, follow this procedure: strands are pointing in four directions (Fig. 11-82); take strand 1 and fold it over between strands 2 and 3 (Fig. 11-83) ; take strand 2 and fold it over strand 1, laying it between strands 3 and 4 (Fig. 11-84); bring strand 3 toward you, over strand 2 (Fig. 11-85); fold strand 4 over strand 3 and thread end of 4 through loop of 1 (Fig. 11-86).

Pull strands tight, but allow enough play so that knot will slide up and down on braided lanyard as a core.

Work next row clockwise in similar manner, starting with strand 4 over 3; alternate rows counterclockwise then clockwise for as long as desired (Fig. 11-87).

End knot weaving ends back, using awl to loosen knots, to allow strands to work through.

Or make a lock knot: starting as in Figure 11-87, bring end 1 around, under end 2, under cross strand which is on top, and out at center of square (Fig. 11-88). Do this to other three ends in order (Figs. 11-89 and 90). Twist knot toward you so the end with which you are working is in original position of end 1. Pull ends until all loops have disappeared; pull ends tight; cut off evenly about 1" from knot (Fig. 11-91).

Make A Lock KnotUt Off Evenly About 1 Inch

Splicing Rope

Splicing is a method of joining rope ends, of making an "eye" or loop in the end of rope, of finishing the end of a rope, or of making a continuous ring or grommet. Correctly made, a splice is stronger than a knot, and is preferred for use with loads and strains, when a rope is to slide through a pulley, or for a neat end. Splicing is a skill that shows good workmanship. It is used in craft work to give an extra finish to the project.

Equipment needed: awl or large spike or marlin spike.

Material needed: 3-strand twisted rope-cotton rope is easiest for practice, hemp rope is generally used for lasting projects.

The four usual types of splicing are: short, eye, end, and long. The first three are described here.

For practice in splicing, it is helpful to whip the ends of the strands of rope, and also to color them three different colors, with ink or crayon.

Short Splice

This joins two pieces of similar rope, making just a slight bulge at the joining point.

Steps

1. Unlay or unwind ends of each piece of rope for about a foot; whip ends, and color, if desired.

2. Place strands of one end of rope in between strands of other end (like fingers clasped together) (Fig. 11-92). Tie, temporarily, one set of strands to opposite rope (x in Fig. 11-93). Work with other three strands A-B-C.

3. Using awl or spike to pry up twisted strands, take end A and tuck it over and under one strand of the rope, loosening strand with awl (Fig. 11-93). Tuck against twist or "lay" of rope, pulling down length of rope. End will go over one strand, under second, out between second and third.

4. Twist a little in hand, and repeat with end B, being sure you go over and under different strands from step 1, coming out as a different point on the rope. Repeat with end C. To test, be sure that each end comes out at a different place on rope, evenly distributed around rope (Fig. 11-94).

5. Repeat for two more tucks around, tapering by cutting away half of each end before the last tuck. Trim off ends.

6. Untie other side, and do the same with other three ends (Fig. 11-95).

7. Roll under foot on flat surface, to even the splice.