This makes a loop at end of rope (Fig. 11-99).
1. Unlay strands of one end about 6 to 8 inches, and whip ends. Color, if desired.
2. Bend rope back on itself, forming an "eye" or loop of desired size.
3. Loosen one strand on standing part of rope, and tuck end A under it (Fig. 11-96).
4. Tuck end B under next strand of rope (Fig. 11-97).
5. Turn rope to back, and tuck end C under strand as in Figure 11-98.
6. Pull ends tight into rope, checking to have them spaced evenly, and pulling down the rope, away from the eye or loop.
7. Repeat the three tuckings, taper as in short splice, and cut off ends (Fig. 11-99).
This knot is used on ends of ropes to keep them from untwisting; it is usually followed by end splicing into the standing part.
1. To make crown knot: unlay strands for about 6 to 8 inches, and arrange as in Figure 11-100.
Cross end A over B, leaving a loop (Fig. 11-100).
Bring end B over end A, and over toward right (Fig. 11-101).
Take end C and cross over end B and go through loop of A. Pull all ends evenly (Fig. 11-103), each end emerging at a different spot, evenly spaced in twist of rope, and pointing down rope. Work ends down rope as follows:
2. To make end or back splice: going against the lay (or twist) of rope, take strands in order, and tuck them under one, over the next (as in other splicing); first one goes under itself. Repeat twice (Fig. 11-104). Taper; cut off ends, and roll under foot on a flat surface.
This is one form of splicing, making a complete circle; it may be used for handles, as on a wooden chest, or for games such as ringtoss.
Equipment needed: awl or marlin spike.
Materials needed: piece of 3-strand twisted rope-hemp or cotton-4 times the circumference of desired ring; string to whip ends.
1. Unlay or untwist the rope, making three pieces.
2. With one of the pieces, make a ring approximately one-third of length of strand; then follow the "lay" or grooves in the rope with the longer end, until the starting point is reached (Fig. 11-105).
3. Follow through once more, around the ring. Join ends with a half knot (see Fig. 11-15), and tuck ends under nearest strands; it is good to trim half the thickness of the rope away, to taper the ending (Fig. 11-106). Trim ends.
4. Keep a firm twist on the strand as you make the ring. Ring should be smooth when finished (Fig. 11-107).
This is a small hammock to be slung between tent poles or trees, to hold clothes or small articles. It is similar to hammocks used in Pullman cars; the idea used here is borrowed from a European Girl Guide camp. The process is netting, done with a wooden shuttle and a mesh stick. A larger, heavier hammock for reclining may be made by the same method, using larger sticks and heavier rope; such a hammock would be a good group project.
Equipment needed: knife; drill-1/4"; coping saw; sandpaper; peg.
Materials needed: 1 piece soft wood for shuttle-1/8" or 3/16" thick, 1" wide, 6" long; 1 piece soft wood for mesh stick-1/4" thick, 11/4" wide, 8" long (cheese box wood or similar) ; 2 sticks hardwood 1/2" thick, 3/4" wide, 151/2" long. Cord: 150 ft. string, cord, or fishline; 2 pieces clothesline (or similar)-1 12 ft. piece 3/16" rope and 2 18" pieces 3/16" rope for ends.
1. To make wooden pieces:
Mesh stick (Fig. 11-108) : round edges and ends with knife, and sand smooth.
Two hardwood end sticks (Fig. 11-109) : round ends with knife, sand smooth; mark off centers for 1/4" holes, 11/4" apart, starting 11/4" from end. Bore hole with drill, and sand smooth. Make first and last holes big enough for the 12 ft. rope to pass through (Fig. 11-109).
Shuttle: cut out spaces at each end (Fig. 11-110) with coping saw and sand smooth.
Netted cord hammock for gear
2. To prepare for netting: Thread one hardwood stick with one 18" piece of rope, as in Figure 11-112. Thread one end through first hole of end stick, fasten with an overhand knot, and pull through. With a 60" piece of the string or cord for netting, make four loops around mesh stick, and in first loop of rope; thread rope into hole 2, across top of end stick, and down hole 3; continue looping four loops of string around mesh stick, and rope, and threading end stick-to end. Finish rope in end stick holes with overhand knot. (The mesh stick makes loops all same size). There are now 24 loops of the netting string in the rope threaded through end stick. Cut off any extra cord (Fig. 11-113).
To wind shuttle (Fig. 11-111) : start with loop around tongue, then down to forked end and up other side, around tongue and down to forked end on same side, then up front again; repeat until shuttle is filled. Tie a temporary cord to both ends of the stick (clove hitch. -see Fig. 11-19) and hook it to a peg at a comfortable height to work.
3. To net: tie shuttle string to string x on left end of loops (Fig. 11-114). Hold mesh stick in left hand at edge of loops; bring string down in front of mesh stick, up in back, and through first loop (Fig. 11-114). Hold left thumb on this loop and throw string in a large loop to left, over thumb (Fig. 11-115).
Pass shuttle behind first loop, up on left of it, over the loop, and pull tight, sometimes pulling to side rather than down, to tighten knot. Keep thumb on knot until it is completed (Fig. 11-116).
Continue by bringing string down in front of mesh stick, up in back, through next loop, etc. (Fig. 11-117).
When the end of the 24 loops is reached, bring cord over mesh stick, up in back and tie to loose end y (Fig. 11-113). Turn work over, so you always work from left to right. Slip meshes off stick as stick becomes full, or at end of line.
Turn work at end of each row, alternating left and right, to keep work from twisting.
When hammock is desired length (36" to 40") thread the other end stick with the second 18" piece of rope, as in Figure 11-112, with 4 loops between holes.
To reinforce edges, and to make loop for hanging hammock, use the 12 ft. piece of rope. Start in the middle of one long side, leaving enough for a knot, and overcast the rope to edge of mesh, with a piece of netting string (Fig. 11-118). Put an overhand knot at the lower side of the end stick, thread rope through, secure with another overhand knot. Leave a loop of about 13" and secure to other end of stick in same manner. These four knots will keep the stick in place (Fig. 11-118).
Overcast rope down other side, fasten to other end stick with the four knots and loop, and continue up first side to beginning of overcasting (Fig. 11-118).
Join ends of rope with square knot or fisherman's knot, cutting off any unused rope. Whip ends of rope to main part of rope, for neatness (Fig. 11-119). 4. Tie short ropes to hardwood sticks with clove hitches and hang hammock between poles or trees or bushes (Fig. 11-120).