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Creative Crafts For Campers | by Catherine T. Hammett and Carol M. Horrocks



In Creative Crafts for Campers the authors have attempted to present arts and crafts activities that grow from the outdoor living setting and situation, using basic arts and crafts media to develop "good" crafts for campers.

TitleCreative Crafts For Campers
AuthorCatherine T. Hammett and Carol M. Horrocks
PublisherAssociation Press, NY
Year1957
Copyright1957, Association Press, NY
AmazonCreative Crafts For Campers
cover: Creative Crafts For Campers
-Preface
In Creative Crafts for Campers we have attempted to present arts and crafts activities that grow from the outdoor living setting and situation, using basic arts and crafts media to develop good craf...
-Section One. Arts And Crafts In The Camp Program. Chapter I. Arts And Crafts In The Camp Progaram
The program that is carried on in the organized camp has many facets, all of them designed to help young people develop into healthy, happy individuals. Because the setting of a camp is in the out-of-...
-Factors That Determine Program
Camp programs in specific camps are determined by certain factors that limit or extend the programming, such as: aims, objectives, and emphases of the camp and of the sponsoring organization, if there...
-Leadership Of Arts And Crafts In Camps
In organized camps every staff member takes some part in most camp activities, and often it is the hobbyist rather than the specialist who encourages or stimulates a camper to try some new venture. So...
-Places Where Arts And Crafts Are Carried Out
A camp may have a craft center or workshop; there may be centers in units, junior or senior camp, or other subdivisions of the camp where there are craft corners; and the camper's pocket or knapsack m...
-Crafts In The Living Areas
Arts and crafts in camp should not be confined to those projects that are carried out in the craft workshop or center. Some projects may, of necessity, be. worked upon in the center, where there may b...
-Mechanics, Records And Reports
Arts and crafts counselors will be expected to keep some records, to use others, and to make reports. The extent of this recording and reporting will depend upon the camp. In most camps, forms for rec...
-Section Two. Arts And Crafts Areas. Chapter II. Braiding And Knotting
Sailors, cowboys, horsemen, and sportsmen all make great use of knots in their daily work. The necessary skills of knotting, braiding, netting, and thonging were widely used by those who lived in the ...
-Projects. Three-Strand Braided Belt
This is a simple project for beginners; it may be made with cord in single, double, or triple strands. Equipment needed: knife; peg or nail; sandpaper and wax for toggle. Materials needed: small...
-Decorative Knots
Decorative knots are used to finish articles, to make buttons, to cover ragged ends of cord, and as sliding knots for a kerchief or lanyard. Such knots give an extra finish to knotted and braided pr...
-Decorative Knots. Part 2
Four-Strand Round Or Spiral Braided Lanyard This project uses either seine twine or flat strips of leather or gimp lacing. A good step in progression is made with the sliding knot to finish off the...
-Decorative Knots. Part 3
Eye Splice This makes a loop at end of rope (Fig. 11-99). Steps 1. Unlay strands of one end about 6 to 8 inches, and whip ends. Color, if desired. 2. Bend rope back on itself, forming ...
-Chapter III. Basketry
Basket making is a craft that is ageless, one that is found in every part of the world. It is a popular camp handcraft because so many natural materials for basketry are found in camps, and because th...
-Basketry. Continued
Coiling This method is used with reeds or vines, or with short lengths of grasses, pine needles, rushes, etc. These are wound into a coil or core, and stitched together with raffia, grass, thread, ...
-Projects. Adirondack Pack Basket
The Indians of the Northeast used a basket with thongs to carry their equipment on their backs. Perhaps this was inspired by the baskets used by the Indian squaws to carry their papooses. This type of...
-Chapter IV. Ceramics
Pottery was made and used by people of ancient civilizations, and pottery making is still one of the most interesting and satisfying of crafts. Some camps are fortunate enough to have natural deposits...
-Techniques. Securing Clay From Land
When a handful of earth or soil in a bank or elsewhere on a camp site sticks together when squeezed, and holds the finger imprints, it will have clay content-and the camp is fortunate! Experimentation...
-Methods Of Working Clay
There are a number of methods of working in clay. The simplest are described here, and projects using some of the methods are given in this chapter. Modeling Method This method is the shaping of...
-Projects. Modeling Figures, Dishes, Small Objects
Making figures, dishes, or small objects by manipulating the clay is known as modeling. Small figures, such as sitting (rather than standing) birds or animals, or small dishes in leaf shape, are good ...
-Chapter V. Leatherwork
Man, from the earliest ages, has used hides for clothing and utensils. The Indians and pioneers used leather for many types of articles that are used in camping today- belts and ax sheaths, carrying c...
-Leatherwork. Continued
Techniques Working in leather calls for special skills and techniques. It is well for the novice to practice these techniques on scrap leather before attempting a finished article. Since much of th...
-Stitching Leather
Seams may be joined by stitching with needle(s) and waxed thread, twine, fine cord, or similar material. Stitching is usually used on soft and thin leather. Equipment needed: heavy, large-eyed need...
-Decorating Leather
There are a number of ways of decorating leather; smooth leather like calfskin or steerhide may be decorated in designs by stamping, tooling or modeling, carving, beading, or pyrography. Each method o...
-Making Buttons For Leather Articles
Buttons for leather may be made of wood, leather, bone, cocoanut shell, or similar materials. They are attached by leather lacing or thong, or by needle with waxed thread. Heavy cowhide may be cut in ...
-Projects. Bookmark - A Simple Project In Tooling
This project utilizes all the steps necessary in tooling; it is a good beginner's project in planning and in carrying out a design from nature. Equipment needed: hard tooling surface; tracing tool;...
-How to Make Belts
The making of belts presents a variety of possibilities for campers; these are especially good projects for boys. The simplest belts will be those without decoration, employing the techniques of faste...
-Tooled Bookcover
A bookcover of tooling leather can be made any size, to fit a particular volume. This is a project that entails planning, cutting, making pockets, and tooling of some outdoor design. Equipment need...
-Chapter VI. Metalwork
Creating articles from metal may well be included in a camp handcraft program. Tin craft is a native craft carried on in the Southwest by Indians and Spanish-Americans. Many types of projects are deve...
-Metalwork. Continued
Drilling Holes An egg-beater drill is used to make holes in metal. Place metal on piece of scrap wood, and clamp both to workbench, so that when the drill has perforated the metal, it will sink int...
-Chasing, Embossing, Spotting, Tapping, And Tooling
These are methods that are similar to each other, and also similar to techniques used in decorating leather. The process includes hitting a metal tool with a hammer, creating an impression on the meta...
-Projects. Candle Sconce From Tin Can
This project may be made from any size can; #10 cans make good footlights for dramatic presentations, and #5 cans are a good size for sconces by fireplaces. Equipment needed: rawhide mallet; vise; ...
-Chapter VII. Printing And Stenciling
Printing and stenciling are good crafts for campers to use in creating arrangements for logbook covers, end papers, and invitations; in making nature recordings; and in developing insignia for camp eq...
-Stenciling
This is a method of decorating which employs a stencil- a sheet with holes or cutout areas in it. Ink, paint, crayons, or similar materials are brushed into the holes, so that the design of holes is t...
-Projects. Spatter Printing
This is a simple type of stenciling in which the paint or ink is sprayed over a shape or natural object which keeps the ink from touching the material. Stencils may be cut out, as in the simplest step...
-Chapter VIII. Sketching And Painting
Sketching and painting are good means of individual expression for campers. A new appreciation of the out-of-doors is gained by the camper who looks for beauty and translates that beauty to paper with...
-Techniques In Sketching. Using A Pencil
Hold the pencil across the hand (Fig. VIII-2), not between the fingers as in writing. Use a broad edge on the pencil rather than a fine point, or flatten lead on a small stone for a wedge-shaped point...
-Techniques In Painting
Painting is the art of making a picture with a brush and some type of paint. For beginners, poster paint or opaque water-color paint, with large paper, is a good medium. More advanced media are water-...
-Chapter IX. Weaving
Weaving is a craft that has come down through the ages. It was an essential home craft of the pioneers and early settlers; Indian tribes still create rugs and materials on handmade looms. Weaving is a...
-Projects. A Mat Of Natural Materials (With Loom)
This is a beginner's project in making a loom and using it for the simplest type of weaving. Materials used will depend upon the material available in abundance in the camp. Suggestions for preparing ...
-A Mat Of Natural Materials (With Loom). Continued
Belt Made With A T-D Loom This type of loom is used to make a narrow fabric, as for a belt or a headband. This is a beginning step in using a loom with a harness; the weaving is tighter and firme...
-Chapter X. Whittling, Woodworking And Woodcarving
If there is one craft that is a natural for campers, it is this one which has to do with wood and a jackknife or other tools. Nearly every camper has a knife (or wishes he had one), and learning to ...
-Rounding A Stick For A Peg - A Practice Project
Learning to round a stick is a good project to help campers get the feel of whittling and finishing. Scrap pine from box ends or lumber, or kindling wood, may be used, with the camper's jackknife as t...
-Projects Using Carpentry Tools. Candlesticks Of Logs
Natural wood candlesticks may add just the right touch for decorations at special events, or for mantels in cabins and other camp buildings. Wood from the woodpile or wood from dead-and-down trees may...
-Projects Using Woodcarving Tools
Woodcarving tools consist of gouges and chisels or firmers with handles that fit into the palm of the hand, or with handles that are used with mallets. The shape of the metal end determines the type...
-Section Three. Related Activities. Chapter XI. Bulletins, Exhibits, Signs, Newspapers
Every camp has some use for bulletin boards, notices, signs, exhibits, and similar means of giving information, pointing directions, outlining step-by-step projects, interesting campers and staff, and...
-Chapter XII. Correlation With Campcraft
Campcraft is the term generally used to describe the skills needed for comfortable living out-of-doors. These skills usually include outdoor cooking, fireplace and fire building, ropework, toolcraft, ...
-Correlation With Campcraft. Continued
Fuzz Stick Equipment needed: sharp knife; working surface. Material needed: piece softwood (pine kindling, etc.) about 10 long, 1 thick, without knots in it. Steps 1. Hold stick at top with le...
-Chapter XIII. Correlation With Camp Dramatics
Camp dramatics are usually rather simple and informal, making great use of the imagination and ingenuity of the campers in the use of materials found in camp for costumes, props, and scenery. Dramatic...
-Correlation With Camp Dramatics. Continued
Paper Bag Puppets These are made by stuffing a small paper bag for the head, adding features with crayons or paints. Equipment needed: scissors; paint and brushes or crayons; paste and glue; p...
-Chapter XIV. Camper's Correlation With Music
Music hath charms of its own, as a creative expression and as a specific camp activity, but it also has a close relationship with such other camp activities as dramatics and arts and crafts. Many proj...
-Chapter XV. Camper's Correlation With Nature
Living out-of-doors and living with nature are the same. One cannot live happily out-of-doors without knowing the ways of nature, without knowing what resources can be used, and without an awareness o...
-Plaster Casts
Plaster casts make a permanent record of leaves, ferns, animal tracks, seed pods, seeds, and so forth. Casts may he used in such articles as dishes, trays, and so forth, or may be made into plaques fo...
-Weather Station Equipment
Weather flags, barometers, bulletin boards, cloud charts, and windvanes are projects that can be carried out in establishing and maintaining a weather station. (See Group Fun and The Weather Handbook....
-Star Boxes And Projectors
Viewers or projectors for star constellation slides may be made from shoe or oatmeal boxes. They are useful in star study groups, and for individual use and enjoyment. Equipment needed: paper punch...
-Chapter XVI. Equipment Making
Do-it-yourself enthusiasts are found in the realm of camping gear and equipment, as they are in many other fields these days. Campers can have gear that is right, at lower cost, by making their own....
-Techniques In Handling Cloth. Stitches, Hems, And Seams
Stitches used in hand-stitching cloth are, in general, the stitches used in leatherwork (see chapter on Leatherwork, Figs. V-22-31). A few canvas stitches are shown here; the ladder stitch is often us...
-Projects. Simple Hike Kit Or Pouch Bag
This is one of the simplest types of hike kits for younger campers. It is a good beginning step in making one's own hiking gear that will be just right for a lunch, for treasures collected on the way,...
-Collapsible Tent Poles
For trips or for storage, tent poles are easier to handle if they are collapsible. A good project for a trip group is to make compact sets from ready-made poles, or from rough-cut saplings. Ridge pole...
-Rope Making
Rope may be made by a number of methods. Binder twine, used in lashing and other camp construction projects, is the usual base of rope that is handmade, although long vines, such as grapevine and fibe...
-Steps For Hanging Shelves
1. Bore holes in the corners of each board. Place these about 1 from corner; make size to allow rope to slip through easily. 2. Sand edges and corner holes. 3. Tie overhand knot (see chapter on...
-Reflector Oven And Case
A collapsible reflector oven is a great addition to trip or primitive camping gear. The making of the oven utilizes some of the techniques of the Metalwork chapter, and the making of the case is simil...
-Small Wall (Three-Sheet) Tent
Tent making is an advanced project for a group interested in lightweight equipment for trip or primitive camping. The making of the tent will probably be an in-town activity, in preparation for campin...
-Chapter XVII. Favors And Decorations For Special Events
Camp parties, banquets, special days, campfires and other out-of-the-ordinary occasions call for special trimmings of decorations, favors, invitations, menus, or costumes. Such events will stimulate...
-Chapter XVIII. Games And Sport Equipment
In the games and sports fields there are many areas in which campers can use arts and crafts techniques and media. Some of these areas have to do with creating equipment, and some with keeping equipme...
-Chapter XIX. Indian And Pioneer Crafts
The campers in organized camps of today are probably as close as any present-day group to the living of the Indians and pioneers who were the earliest campers throughout our country. Campers are lea...
-Chapter XX. Map Making
The making and using of maps is a good camping activity, involving compass work, cross-country travel, and exploration. These are basic campcraft activities, especially good for older campers. Map mak...
-Map Making. Continued
Three-Dimensional Maps A three-dimensional map may be used as an exhibit on a table, or on a wall. The basic map is flat on paper, wall-board, or wood; and the buildings and other symbols are made ...
-Chapter XXI. Photography
Photography is allied to sketching and painting because the result of the activity is a picture. Good photography is based on the composition of the picture taken, on the originality of the subject ...









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