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How To Build Games And Toys | by B. W. Pelton



This book gives instructions for constructing Games and toys. Many of the toys and games in this book are old favorites with a New Look. All of them are well within the capabilities of the average home craftsman, whether he or she is equipped with a meager set of hand tools, or is the proud proprietor of a completely powered workshop.

TitleHow To Build Games And Toys
AuthorB. W. Pelton
PublisherVan Nostrand
Year1951
Copyright1951, Van Nostrand
AmazonHow To Build Games And Toys
-Preface
Many of the toys and games in this book are old favorites with a New Look. All of them are well within the capabilities of the average home craftsman, whether he or she is equipped with a meager set o...
-1. Toymaking
Basic Requirements Any observer of children in action is struck immediately by the terrific punishment inflicted upon favorite toys and games. With this in mind, the amateur toymaker must build a s...
-Jointed Figures
Depth can be added to any silhouette cut from cardboard or thin wood by laminating it, that is, gluing or nailing together identical cutouts until the desired thickness is obtained. In the absence of ...
-Toy Wheels
One of the first problems the amateur toymaker encounters when assembling mobile projects is the question of suitable wheels. Solid disk wheels are easy to mount on horizontally inserted screws or nai...
-Motivated Toy Figures
At the cost of oversimplification, it will be the aim of this volume to present mechanical effects which depend upon elementary principles for successful operation. Homecrafters possessing mechanical ...
-2. Crawlers And Toddlers
During the latter part of the creeping and crawling stage, young children begin to concentrate their efforts upon hoisting themselves to an erect position in imitation of their elders. Their early fru...
-Folding Play Pen
As soon as the child displays an aptitude for self-propulsion, some sort of curb will be required to restrain the young hopeful from contact with various danger zones, and elders from nervous breakdow...
-Stuffed Toys
Dear to the hearts of most babies are soft stuffed dolls and animals of various descriptions, which can be cuddled, squeezed, mauled, thrown, or sat upon with a minimum of permanent damage. In fact, t...
-Spool Crawler
Another easy toy to assemble from six spools of identical size is the pull toy illustrated in Figure 2.5, which will crawl over objects and always land right side up, and is not easy to damage. ...
-Rocking Toys
An easy way to make standup toys that will rock is by cutting out silhouettes from three- or five-ply plywood after first spreading the outer plies of veneer with wedges at the base. This is done by p...
-Counterbalanced Toys
Another simple rocking or pendulum toy is the counterbalanced parrot or cockatoo cutout illustrated in A of Figure 2.7. For a jiffy or quickie toy it can be cut from heavy cardboard and counterwei...
-Mary's Lamb
This ample toy can become a family project in which Dad and Older Brother saw out the body and legs, while Mother and Big Sister round up the spool wheels and ribbon collar, and roll up the tiny cotto...
-Hopping Kangaroo
One of the simplest methods of activating a toy is to mount it on a wheeled base which has one pair of wheels fastened off center. In the case of the Hopping Kangaroo in Figure 2.9, the rear wheels ar...
-Bathtub Toys
Ring Toss An aquatic form of an historically popular game can be made almost waterproof when doughnut-shaped rings, of 7 in. diameter having holes 3 in. across, are cut from plastic material. The t...
-Jumping Jack
One of the oldest of motivated toys, the jumping jack, retains its popularity from century to century. Equally beloved is the clown, with his traditionally white, grinning face and shapeless costume. ...
-Toddler's Train
The wise parent may well decide to provide his young hopeful, as early as the balancing age, with a simply designed train such as the one pictured in Figure 2.12. Devoid of mechanical fastenings to co...
-Midget Mower
The crawler who needs additional stability during the early toddling stage will be encouraged to forget his uncertain footing while pushing this colorful toy. Although assembled from light materials i...
-Duck Push Toy
Animated push toys for children who are graduating toddlers can be activated by means of the same simple axle assemblies as were employed in the preceding samples of pull toys. The advantages of pushi...
-Storage For Playthings
Much disillusionment has resulted from abortive attempts to persuade youthful charges to return their toys and games to some designated spot or repository when play is over. Yet a consensus sturdily m...
-Rockers And Bouncers
The urge to rock or ride some sort of vehicle or steed is an early childhood impulse. Obviously, the smaller the rider the more safety must be built into the device, usually commencing with an enclose...
-Hobby Horse
As toddlers' legs become more stable, their urge to fork and dominate their steeds becomes more pronounced. Except for the cutting out of safe, strong rockers (on about a 3-ft. radius), the construc...
-Coil Spring Bronco
In the absence of a steel auto bumper, a heavy duty muscle builder can be built from wood, with the exception of a large coil expansion spring or several smaller ones. Again the overall dimensions wil...
-3. Preschoolers And Kindergartners
Anticipating childish whims and brief enthusiasms is at best a difficult assignment. There are, however, many still-popular games and toys which have come down to us through the ages. If objectively a...
-The Diligent Workmen
One of the earliest types of animated toys was activated by the horizontal push and pull method of applied leverage illustrated in Figure 3.1. Down through the centuries attempts have been made to rep...
-Noah's Ark
A traditionally popular toy with crawlers, toddlers, or sprinters is a completely equipped Noah's Ark. It invariably receives a warm reception because of the removable and maneuverable pairs of Mr. a...
-Animals
For very young owners, pairs of animals are apt to render longer service when cut from 3/4-in. stock. By stylizing the designs as in the case of the examples presented in Figure 3.4, the cutting proce...
-Articulated Elephant
Progressing to a three-bodied toy with a movable central portion in addition to pivoted outer legs, the procedure is only slightly more complicated. In the case of the articulated elephant shown in A ...
-Plunging Whale
The employment of an eccentric ramming action to activate a pivoted figure in a pull toy is illustrated in Figure 3.8. As shown in the elevation, the silhouette cutout of Moby Dick, the white whale, i...
-Circus Parade
With the average American, the lure of the Big Top persists as long as the heart functions. In boys it is rooted deep in those early hours before dawn, when shadowy figures stole forth from sleeping h...
-Waving Clown
Essential to any circus parade are one or more clowns, the more animated the better. The one illustrated in Figure 3.11 is basically a cut-down adaption of the jumping jack in earlier pages (Figure 2....
-Motivating Various Animals
By applying the basic principle of the crank axle, a variety of motions can be imparted to a miscellany of jointed animal and human figures, whether cut into silhouettes, or assembled in three-dimensi...
-Wheeled Trains
It will seem no time at all before young Casey Jones' interest will be attracted to trains and toys with real wheels that turn. Although he still prefers them brightly colored, he is now more intrigue...
-Diesel Equipment
When the observant young railroader commences to look down his snub nose at old-fashioned steam boilers, it is an easy matter to assemble Diesel rolling stock. Pieces of 4 x 4 (35/8 in. by 3! in.) c...
-Zoo Bench
After the toy animals have been subjected to the vicissitudes of water, horse-drawn, rail, and perhaps motor transportation, their young owner may decide that some of them are entitled to recuperation...
-Motor Transportation
In this automotive age, the younger generation soon becomes aware of the importance of gasoline and Diesel driven automotive equipment in the national transportation economy. Along any main artery of ...
-4. Middle-Aged Children
Rather than pursue the topic of age grouping to the point where it might assume pseudo-scientific proportions, it is proposed in this chapter to apply the term middle-aged to children of primary and...
-Indoor Structures
Conditions which preclude outdoor activities do not, however, hamper pent-up youthful imaginations. At some time or another ordinarily sedate furniture will be found upended or tilted into bizarre pos...
-Wallboard Structures
Prefabricated, small fold-up structures are not difficult to cut and assemble from wallboard of appropriate thickness. Although hardboard automatically recommends itself on the score of durability, it...
-Model Establishments
Under this heading are grouped a variety of models representing some of the make-believe enterprises so dear to girls and boys of various ages. If only very young tots are to be catered to, many of th...
-Doll House Interior Decoration
As in the case of the stairway and its railing, it will be almost necessary to finish the interior of the house before it is finally assembled. To begin with, all ceilings can be painted with flat pai...
-Kitchen Cabinets
For assembling a modern, model kitchen, safety match boxes are made to order. True, there will be no recessed toe space, because the counters, according to scale, will be 36 in. high when piled four...
-Cardboard
In addition to its uses as interior trim, or for mantel, dresser, desk, and coffee table tops when cigar box wood is in short supply, cardboard of suitable weight can be bent and glued into frameworks...
-Metals
For the craftsman who is a competent solderer and likes to work with metals, wire or thin brass strips 1/16 in- square can be bent and fastened into realistic outdoor and sun deck furniture. Detail A ...
-Farmyard
Whether city or country bred, girls and boys from four years on up enjoy playing fanner. Given a bam, an assortment of animals and fowl, and sufficient movable fence sections, small fry of all ages wi...
-Farm Wagon
A handy farm vehicle is the all-purpose, utility wagon shown in Figure 4.15. The body, made up with 1/8 in. sides on ends and bed which are from 1/4 to 3/8 in. thick, may be any convenient size which ...
-Western Ranch
For junior Hopalong Cassidys it should be no great problem to impose a rugged western atmosphere upon some of the staid farm features. The barn, for example, is easily converted into a log structure b...
-Cutouts
Young ranch owners will appreciate at least one jointed cow pony similar to the one diagramed in A of Figure 4.19, which can be pivoted to give the hands a good workout by high tailing, bucking, and...
-Airport
It is axiomatic nowadays that, at some period during their development, children will become air minded. This is of course particularly true in a locality over which planes frequently pass, and even m...
-Harbor
And now comes the turn of the junior ships' captains, dock-masters, and marine superintendents. The dry harbor pictured in Figure 4-22 may be assembled on a single piece of wallboard or plywood, ...
-Magnetic Marine Base
A shallow aluminum pan or serving tray filled with water, can be mounted on a three-sided masking base 4 or 5 in. high, so that miniature wooden boats can be maneuvered in the same mysterious manner i...
-Shadow Plays
Simple shadow plays conceived, directed, and produced by children, offer rich possibilities as creative outlets. Inasmuch as the puppet figures and sketchy scenery are one-dimensional silhouettes, the...
-Miniature Housekeeping Fixtures
Doll housekeeping is an engrossing occupation for years at a stretch, yet there comes a time when the urge to imitate will unerringly propel the young housekeeper into the kitchen or laundry of her ho...
-Cupboard And Work Table
Once equipped with a reliable cooking stove, it naturally follows that the Junior Cook must be provided with some sort of working surface for rolling out pie crusts and cookies, and for mixing the var...
-Refrigerator
The third basic requirement for an active kitchen is a modern refrigerator, be it gas, electric, or kerosene. The one illustrated in Figure 4.28 can be made up from a wooden packing box of suitable si...
-Ironing Board
Another important accessory for the Little Housewife is a small sized replica of Mother's folding ironing board. The board proper is a piece of f-in. stock 7 in. wide and 21/2 ft. long, shaped as show...
-Safe Storage Facilities
At some stage of development, the average boy will become convinced that plots are being hatched against the security of his valuable collection of miscellaneous trivia. Whether it is a younger brothe...
-Treasure Chest
Younger hoarders will welcome private storage space in the form of the pirate's treasure chest pictured in Figure 4.32 (page 138). Their appreciation will wax enthusiastic once they are initiated into...
-5. Games
As the middle-aged child approaches adolescence, his, and to some extent, her interest in games increases in direct proportion to improved dexterity, which in turn sharpens the urge to excel. Like toy...
-Ring Toss
A very old skill game, whose origins are lost in the mists of antiquity, is quoits, the indoor form of which is called ring toss. In its simplest form it makes an absorbing game of muscular coordinati...
-Bean-Bags
Perennial favorites among tossing games are those employing bean-bags. As an indoor pastime this type of game is doubly dear to adults because of the relative noiselessness of the bags when they hit t...
-Mountain Climbers
A bean-bag tossing game which will absorb players of all ages is illustrated in Figure 5.3. It represents a race between two expert mountain climbers who have planted their flags at the summits of twi...
-Cats On A Fence
An amusing bowling game, with targets that will turn upside down promptly when their fences are knocked over by a golf ball rolled along the floor, can be constructed to come apart and fold up into ...
-Nine Holes
Originally an outdoor game of Elizabethan origin and several names, the game now known as Nine Holes can be easily adapted to indoor rolling over a smooth floor of almost any size. Six uncut golf ball...
-Ski Ball
An adaptation of the once popular alley game of ski ball makes use of a series of triangular targets instead of concentric circles. The rolling game can be played with a tennis ball, lacrosse ball, or...
-Indoor Shooting Games
At an early age the young male of the species will acquire some sort of a shooting iron, either makeshift or boughten. He will never be completely satisfied, however, until his gun shoots something ...
-Knock Down Target Gallery
For young hunters who demand more realism, a shooting gallery with cutout figures which will fall down when hit is pictured in Figure 5.8. The overall size of the frame of i-in. by 6-in. stock depends...
-Dart Baseball
Commercially available are many different types of dart targets for scoring baseball, some more complicated than others. One of the simplest designs is outlined in A, Figure 5.10, yet it includes sixt...
-Table Top Games
There are a number of indoor skill games which can be played on an ordinary folding card table 30 in. square, so long as it has tight, sound joints. In fact some games, such as indoor tether ball, for...
-Table Croquet
In this country, lawn croquet has all but disappeared from the scene, along with the spacious grounds which formerly accommodated the game. Indoor versions, played on fairly large tables with balls or...
-Snap Shuffleboard
Like table croquet, shuffleboard played on a dining or ping-pong table not only requires a smooth playing surface, but some sort of backstop to prevent long shots from zooming onto the floor. If a rem...
-Ten-Pins
The long shuffleboard described at the close of the preceding section makes an excellent bowling alley for table ten-pins, or the pins may be placed flat on the floor. For this 9-ft. alley, smooth gol...
-Bull Board
An old favorite aboard ship, the Bull Board upon which disks are tossed can be chalked on a wooden or tile floor, painted on a piece of white oilcloth, or crayoned on shelf or wrapping paper, as indic...
-Chinese Billiards
One of the oldest of the so-called bagatelle games is Chinese Billiards, or Tivoli. The original game was played with cues on an inclined board four feet long, but a good fast table game can result by...
-Table Hockey
The standard game of Box Hockey is a rugged contest played in a sturdy box about seven feet long, set firmly on the floor or on the ground outdoors. An equally fast contest, however, can be scaled dow...
-Tether Ball
The two-handed outdoor game of tether ball can be easily scaled down to an indoor table game which will provide plenty of fast action. The ball may be a cotton practice golf ball or can be made from y...
-Anagram Blocks And Paddle Golf
Anagram Blocks Closely allied to the still popular game of Anagrams are lettered blocks rolled from a cup. Their three-dimensional nature, coupled with the obvious element of chance, attracts all a...
-Peg Games And Puzzles
If Dad is a golfer those little wooden tees from his bag will make ideal pegs for indoor games and puzzles. Even if there is no golf enthusiast nearby, small bags of tees are very inexpensive and come...
-Chinese Checkers
Usually played with marbles, the ever popular game of Chinese Checkers can be made up as a peg board, using differently colored golf tees for each player. For the peg game, reduce the diagram in Figur...
-Memocolor
From Maastricht, Holland, comes a simple, pocket-sized game called Memocolor. As its name implies, the successful players are those who are able to memorize the orders or successions in which the band...
-6. Jiffy Amusements
There comes a time when even the most far-sighted grownups are confronted with a situation where bored youngsters must be kept interested, or at least quiet, with a minimum of available material for a...
-Handkerchief Dolls
Although several of the materials for the amusements suggested in this section may not be readily available, the old reliable handkerchief dolls that used to entertain grandmother are suitable and ava...
-Paper Folding
Throughout the years children of all ages have been amused by folding paper in various ways to produce their own simple toys, especially when other means or materials for entertainment are lacking. In...
-Lightning Bug Box
Whether or not lightning bugs are available for incarceration, the folding of this little box will culminate in a satisfyingly spectacular manner if the directions are followed faithfully and all crea...
-Soap Bubbles
The apparatus required for blowing soap bubbles is simple, and with a little care and foresight will absorb the interest of children of both sexes and varying ages for relatively long periods of time....
-Silhouette Portraiture
Nowadays it is no trick at all for the young artist to produce an accurate silhouette of a patient sitter. All the equipment required is a black crayon or pencil, a large sheet of paper, preferably wh...
-Tom-Toms And Other Noisy Devices
This volume has thus far avoided descriptions of noise producing instruments, even suggesting sound deadening effects whenever possible. The young male of the species cannot be denied in this matter o...
-Indoor Marbles
When inclement weather forces youthful marble addicts indoors during the height of the season, it is a simple matter to provide for the continuation of this outdoorsport. After ascertaining the player...
-Targets For Tossing Games
Indoor and outdoor games involving tossing skill are easy to assemble from ordinary household equipment. While two or more contestants will prolong interest in the game, the ultimate boredom of a sing...
-Ring Toss Equipment
Interesting variations of the conventional Ring Toss equipment described in an earlier section can be improvised from an amazing diversity of material when the occasion demands. While the simple exped...
-Planting Corn And Tunnel Ball
Planting Corn An empty cardboard shoebox with holes the size of a quarter, cut and numbered as illustrated in A of Figure 6.10, represents the plowed field into which the youthful farmers endeavor ...
-Bouncing Ball Games And Targets
Another series of games involving eye-hand coordination and muscular control, plus an elementary calculation of carom angles, is played with a ball which can be bounced either in front of or behind it...
-Fish Pond
In the rainy day quickie of the old fishing favorite, the lid of a shallow cardboard box like a dress box makes the pond, with eleven wide-angled V-cuts as shown in A of Figure 6.11. Draw the fish (B)...
-Playing Postman
In spite of the fact that postmen are seldom included in youthful Galleries of Supermen, their importance is early recognized as the bearers of occasional good tidings and gifts. During inclement weat...
-Scissors And Paste
The age-old pastime of cutting out pictures from magazines or commercial cutout books and pasting them into paper or cloth scrap books will entertain bored youngsters for periods which become shorter ...
-Playing Indian
For indoor or outdoor Indian rites, appropriately feathered headdresses can be cut from paper, then colored and fitted to actual head size in a matter of minutes. If no brightly colored blankets are a...
-7. Entertaining Convalescents And Rainy Day Prisoners
Many of the Jiffy Amusements described in the preceding chapter will prove to be handy stop-gaps for the bedspread entertainment of irritable patients or bored housebound children. Here again the abil...
-Bed Table
To help while away the long hours in bed, an adjustable table of the type pictured in Figure 7.1 will prove useful before, during, and after meals, because of its side pocket storage space for games...
-Hasty Book-Rest
When time, or sturdier materials are not immediately available, a lightweight bookrest for reading in bed can be put together from a stiff, flat box and its cover. First cut triangles in the exact ...
-Bedside Gardens
As a relief from the all too-familiar sickroom paraphernalia, the patient's tired eyes will brighten at the sight of a small garden which changes or grows from day to day. These can be of chemical or ...
-Finger Puppets
Sometimes called Finger Jiggers because of their dancing abilities, an elementary type of puppet consists of a cardboard figurine with two holes at the thighs through which the operator's fingers are ...
-Alphabet Construction Puzzles
Long before jigsaw puzzles were ever dreamed of, block puzzles were popular with both young and old. Their introduction into the sickroom will induce a sense of satisfaction and accomplishment, rather...
-Fun With Magnetism
A horseshoe magnet from the dime store can be relied upon to amuse young shutins for considerable periods of time. A handful of tiny tacks will demonstrate the depth of the magnetic field, and repeate...
-Chemical Toys
Simple household ingredients are used to motivate the three elementary toys described below. The chemical reaction set up between camphor and water furnishes the seemingly inexhaustive motive power fo...
-Beads
Beadcraft is the name applied to a variety of interesting handicrafts employing a rather large supply of beads of all sizes and shapes, and will not be described here. In days gone by most homes could...
-Potato Menagerie
For children of both sexes, whether well or not so well, the lowly potato offers a practical basic body upon which can be built up fanciful and often highly realistic animals and sprites, whose type...
-Potato Printing And Cork Stamps
Ideal for little fingers which are vulnerable to the sharp blades required in most carving operations, potato stamps have an adult, Old World standing in the realm of design. Wallpapers and fabrics wh...
-Spatter Printing
Mother may voice initial doubts concerning the practicability of this type of handicraft, but with plenty of old newspapers or a strip of oilcloth underneath the work, and the patient clad in a nightg...
-Miscellaneous Therapies
Seasonal preoccupations can exercise considerable influence upon the restricted occupations of shut-ins. By emulating a vanishing generation which commenced to sew, knit, crochet, or otherwise assembl...
-Model Clipper
Sandwiched between preoccupations with railroads, fire engines, cowboy paraphernalia, or detective procedures, there comes a time when most boys (and some girls) develop an enthusiasm for the rigging ...
-Key To Sails
1. flying jib z. outer jib 3. jib (also inner jib 4. fore topmast staysail 5. foreskysail 6. fore royal 7. fore topgallant 8. fore topsail 9. foresail 10. main royal staysail 1...
-Finger Painting
One rainy day occupation which will appeal to an astonishingly wide spread of age groups is finger painting. However, since its proper preparation requires a bit of preliminary cooking, the wise paren...
-Rainy Day Insurance
In order to implement the types of indoor pastimes previously described, many households wisely maintain a box or drawer full of empty scrap books, blunt scissors, colorful magazine illustrations and ...









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