These columns are free to all. It is only required that (1) questions dealing with different topics be written on separate sheets at paper with the writer's name and address on the hack of each, and that (2) stamps accompany all pictures, drawings, prints, etc, to he returned. All correspondence should he addressed to the Editor of Arts and Crafts, 37 & 38, Strand. London.

Mss. and Designs Accepted. - "Two Craftsmen." B.S., "Stanford Bridge," R.J., B.J., S.F.T., " Swan-bill," W.S.J., E.K.

Under Consideration

H.B.F., W.M.Mc, H.T., B.I.J., W.H. (Hampstead), W.H. (Bristol), S.J.P., H.F.P., W.H.S (Hull), W.H.S. (Paris).

Declined

H.T.S., "Churchman," •Stella; B.S., J.J.K., D.T.F.

Construction of a Hymn-Board "Churchman" and Others - Requests from several quarters reach us for instructions for making a hymn-board, and in presenting the design by Miss Keeks, shown on another page, we have thought the opportunity a favourable one for giving some practical hints on the subject. Such a hymn-board as that by Miss Reeks may be best constructed in accordance with the accompanying diagram. Fig. 1 indicates the method of fitting in a moulding (drawn to larger scale at Fig 3) when the middle of the wood is cut away, or when the carving has been done on a framed piece of woodwork. The section under the elevation in Fig. 1 shows the moulding nailed in and fitted with a thin piece of backing. The rails fitting between the upright pieces of moulding are similar in section to "a" in Fig. 3. Fig. 4 shows how the rails are fitted in. These should be nailed on to the moulding from the back when the slots necessary for the insertion of the cards, have been cut in the right hand upright moulding. The best method of doing this is to mortise the holes with a thin chisel. The second method is that followed when the board is made of one piece of wood, and then the strips to hold the cards are fastened on to the board from the front. The outside moulding, as well as the inner strips, are shown in section at Fig. 5, and Fig. 6 shows a cut taken through the board across one of the slots. Care should be taken to keep the width of the strips in proportion to the board. A. C. H.

Declined 701

Miniature Painting. "Little." - The softness of the miniature depends largely on the demi-tints that are used for joining the high lights and shadows; the roundness on the reflections and shading. The gradation of lights into the shadows requires great care. (2) The points were covered by Mr. Praga in the first part of his demonstration. (3) Yes, in all cases the white near the face of the sitter would be becoming; a soft white lace carelessly tied round the throad, or thrown over the shoulders, will relieve the heaviness of a dark or black dress. For black velvet the lights would be put in with shaded Chinese white.

"S. F." - We are assured by a well-known florist that a teaspoonful of powdered charcoal put in a ewer of water will preserve a bouquet of cut flowers for several days if the stems of the flowers are cut each day, as the broken end of the flower stem withers and closes the openings through which the blossom receives its nourishment.

C. J. B. - Shaw's " Art of Illumination " is the only trustworthy book we know of on the subject. It is out of print, but Messrs. E. Parsons & Sons, second-hand booksellers, 45, Brompton-road, London, could probably procure you a copy ------------------------

"Arts & Crafts" in India and the Colonies.

Editor of Arts & Crafts.

Sir, - Arts & Crafts is magnificent. I congratulate you on such a magnificent production and wish you every success and encourgement. E. J. Lopez, F.R.S., .M.I.E.E.

Indian Government Telegraph Department, Cleveland Town, Bangalore, Cantonment, Madras Presidency, India.

Editor of Arts & Crafts.

Dear Sir, - I am delighted to note that your magazine is becoming very popular in Ceylon. For my own part, I have always been in want of a magazine of this sort, and I find Arts & Crafts of greater help and guidance than I could have expected it to be. I am now the proud possessor of all the numbers, and I shall introduce the magazine to as many of my friends as possible. Many of them are already greatly interested in it, and are deriving a great deal of benefit from it. A. C G. S. Amarasekara.

Colpetty, Colombo, Ceylon.

Editor of Arts & Crafts.

Dear Sir

I was fortunate enough to secure the first number of your excellent journal when it came out here a few months ago. Needless to say, I have had all the subsequent numbers. Like a famous soap, " it recommends itself." Still, I have recommended it to several friends, and shall continue to do so.

I must, indeed, sir, compliment you on your publication. That it is thoroughly practical I know, because I work in most of the crafts - gesso, beaten metal, wood, and enamels, not to mention drawing in black and white, which is one of my chief pursuits. I send you a list of probable subscribers. Denis Santry, C.E.

Cape Town. ( Architect and Designer).

Editor of Arts & Crafts.

Sir, - As I have been a subscriber to your magazine from its inception, I feel distinctly interested in it, especially as I do a great deal of wood-carving. There are many advanced wood-carvers in the Colony who find it very difficult to obtain new ideas, and especially good designs for furniture. Renaissance designs we have had here ad nauseam, so much so, that many say, if they cannot get other designs, they will not carve at all. There is a great craving for everything in the style known, I think, as " modern art." Could you sometimes give the plan of an original chimney-piece, with measurements, or hall stand, settles, or any furniture, in fact ? A tiny sketch of the design proposed to be carved can always be enlarged. Fortunately I design, so am not so much at a loss as many are. I have just finished a chimney-piece and overmantel in modern style, carved with birds and horse-chestnuts. Could not some of your competitions have their sending-in day fixed at such a time as would permit entries from the Colonies. I am sure this would increase your subscribers, as no English papers appear to remember they should cater for the Empire. Stella Dransfield.

Webb-street, Wellington, New Zealand.

As Viewed by Some County Instructors.

Editor of Arts & Crafts

Dear Sir, - I only heard of your splendid publication a few weeks ago, and secured a copy directly, and I must con-gratulate you upon the success you have achieved I have ordered future copies from my newsagent. Please send me Vol. 1., bound, for our school library. I will remit by return of post. There are six teachers here, trained craftsmen in manual instruction, taking over 1,000 boys per week and about 100 young men, in wood-work, metal-work, etc.

John Henry Murgatroyd.

Ipswich Education Committee.

Editor of Arts & Crafts.

Sir, -It is with much pleasure that I welcome the advent of such a magazine as Arts & Crafts, as in this part of the world such a thing is badly wanted. The enclosed list is of people actively interested in Arts and Crafts, who would probably do much to spread your publication. My work as inspector of technical schools, as well as instructor in carving, design, photography, &C,, brings me in contact with a large number of people all over the county, and if you care to send me some specimens of working designs and prospectuses I shall be very happy to show them to the various county classes and instructors. I wish you every success.

Albert W. Searley.

Devon County Education Office, Exeter.

A catalogue of Whistler's etchings. lithographs, wood engravings and brochures in the National Art Library, and of its bibliographical collection and newspaper cuttings in reference to the same artist, has been issued by the Board of Education, South Kensington, and may be bought for a penny at the Victoria and Albert Museum.

Miniature Frames and Cases are illustrated in a special list of materials for miniature painting issued by Messrs. Charles Roberson & Co., 99, Long Acre, and 154, Piccadilly, which will be found useful to artists and others having miniatures to frame.

The "Yellow Door" School of Modern Painting, Beckenham, seems to train an uncommonly large number of students who promptly " score " in their profession. Mr Frank Spenlove-Spenlove, the principal, tells us that the most recent successes of his pupils are the following: - H. Trier, elected member of Royal British Artists; Miss E. Vicary, made associate of the Society of Women Artists; also Miss R. E. Tapp and Miss C. B. Martin elected associates of the same society, and Mr. Paul, member of the Royal British Artists.

"The Wood-Worker and Art Metal Worker" is to be the future name of our contemporary, " The Wood-Worker," which, we understand, is to be otherwise improved. If the editor makes his journal as practical and interesting in the new department as he has made it in its original form, it is bound to increase greatly in circulation and usefulness.

A decorative wood-staining outfit consisting of five bottles of useful colours (walnut, ebony, satinwood, rosewood and green), three others containing " preparation," medium and French polish, and two brushes, has been sent us by Messrs. Wm. & A. Daniell, 87, Oxford-street, Liverpool. All are of excellent quality (price 4s. 6d.).