This section is from the book "Arts & Crafts Magazine Vol1-2", by Hutchinson & Company.
The different kinds of stitches to be used in these crosses, intended to be embroidered on linen, are generally indicated in the designs; but a few directions as to the manner of working may be helpful. In the two shorter crosses the borders are worked with satin-stitch after having been run lengthwise twice, the body of the crosses being filled in rather solidly with seed-stitch. The kernels of wheat are filled so that the roundest part of each is toward the outer end; the beard is in fine stem-stitch worked over one thread. The grape leaves should be flat, having little or no filling. All single lines are to be worked in stem-stitch over one thread, fine or coarse cotton being used, according to the delicacy or boldness of the line. In the uppermost design on this page the outline of the cross should be heavy; the trefoil ornamentation and the monogram should be worked solidly over the same depth of filling, not being too flat. In the last example the seed-stitch must be rather delicate, so as not to detract from the clearness of the scroll, or it may be left out of the cross itself, and worked in the spaces enclosed by the angles of the cross and the circle. The other two crosses will also do for silk embroidery, as on stoles.
Embroidered Cover For A Hymnal.