Of late years the number of these Guilds has increased considerably, for, thanks to the training of the Municipal Technical Schools, craftsmen are becoming more and more numerous.

Broadly speaking, three chief results are aimed at in the general plan on which such Guilds are formed: first, that the work produced shall be of a high quality; second, that it shall be produced under healthful and pleasant conditions; and, third, that the proceeds shall, after payment of working expenses, go direct to the craftsman himself.

One of the most successful of Guilds recently formed is the Guild of Metal Workers, Barnstaple, who, after three years of existence, have made already a reputation for the excellence of their productions, which range from heavy and massive work in iron and steel to the most delicate jewellery.

The Mercian Guild, which has its headquarters at Stoke-upon-Trent, produces not only furniture, metalwork, enamels, jewellery, and embroidery, but has the distinction of being the only Guild so far which has turned its attention to pottery, producing some very fine work in this field, as may be judged from the specimens here reproduced.

Brass Plaque (Repousse), Designed And Executed By Frederick Braddon, The Guild Of Metal Workers, Barnstaple.

Brass Plaque (Repousse), Designed And Executed By Frederick Braddon, The Guild Of Metal Workers, Barnstaple.

Embroidered Cushion, By Miss Ann Macbeth, Clarion Guild Of Handicraft.

Domestic Pottery 403Copper Plaque (Repousse'),

Copper Plaque (Repousse'), Designed And Executed By Frederick Braddon, The Guild Of Metal Workers, Barnstaple

Steel Plaque (Repousse), Designed And Executed By Frederick Braddon, The Guild Of Metal Workers, Barnstaple

Domestic Pottery 405

Then, in the little village of South Harting, near Petersfield, Hampshire, the South Harting Guild of Handicraft have, in addition to other departments, formed a school of hand printing. But these are just a few representative of the many similar Guilds rapidly being formed all over the country and producing much of the best craftsmanship of the day.

In the Clarion Guild of Handicraft, which was formed a year or two ago through the medium of the Clarion newspaper, we have a further and interesting development. This is not an isolated Guild, but rather an association of Guilds, having branches in London, Manchester, Liverpool, Birmingham, Newcastle, Bristol, Chester, and many other centres. Besides those branches there are also a large number of isolated craftsmen, "unattached members," so that the total membership of the Guild numbers hundreds. Already it has held two successful exhibitions, and a third will have been opened in Manchester by the time these lines appear in print.

It is encouraging to note that along with the return of the craftsman among us and the rise of the Guilds in which best he can find employment, we have also a rapidly increasing public educated in matters artistic, who are capable of appreciating really good work, who insist upon getting it, and who are willing to pay a fair price for it.

Stewart Dick.

[Mr. Dick has attempted here only a cursory survey of a big subject, omitting particular reference to some of the Guilds which may be said to have had influence in the movement, not less important than that of some of those to which he especially alludes. In due course we shall repair these omissions. In the meanwhile, the Working Ladies' Guild (Brompton Road) have, at our invitation, sent us for publication photographs of some specimens of the admirable needlecraft which is their speciality, and drawings of other beautiful examples of their work, for which we hope to find space at an early date. Their curious specimen of heraldic applique work, which we also illustrate, will be found additionallv interesting, as showing, tor the first time, the Royal Danish Banner borne before Queen Alexandra at the Coronation, which, we understand, Her Majesty has since had mounted as a lire-screen. It will be noticed that the arms quartered on those of modern Denmark include the former possessions of that always honourable but unfortunate kingdom. - Editor, A. & C]

Never be offended at honest criticism. If it is just it will benefit you; if it is mistaken you need not follow it. New ideas are always of value, and interchange of ideas a part of everyone's education. Other people see errors in your work which escape you, as well as beauties which you do not notice.