. (See Supplement B, No. 47,)

This case is so simple that any saddler or leather worker could produce it. It should be made out of a good strong piece of cow-hide with shaped side pieces sewn in. It can be fastened with 1 couple of studs. The handle is a neatly cut and shaped piece held in place by the straps sewn across. The design need not be raised; in that event the case would not need lining. Cut the lines and then hammer down the ground, putting in the pattern as indicated. The "bordering" of stars may be omitted if preferred, as the plain leather would look very well.

Leather Work And Pyrography Music Case 299

The Lady Godiva Panel was executed in poker work, but the leatherworker with an ambition will find in this design work not unworthy of his skill. The treatment should be broad, especially in the framework, the modelling being almost entirely confined to the figure. The lettering might be slightly raised, to allow of the ground around the foliage and figure being well beaten down.

The best wood to use for pyrography is as near white as possible, for it affords the greatest range of tones and the strongest contrasts. It should be close-fibred, and it should be soft enough to burn readily. French or Lombardy poplai is excellent, but it is rather difficult to get in England, and ordinary white wood which has a greenish tinge is a fair substitute, although it never takes quite the rich old ivory tint of the French poplar. Holly burns pretty well, but it is too hard. Bass-wood is good in its way. The kind of wood to be used should depend greatly upon the size and character of the decoration. For the frieze of a room, or a large panel to go over a chimney-piece, soft wood would be best, for it would allow of bold treatment of lines. But to ornament a jewel box one should select hard wood because it lends itself to the most delicate work. You can make upon a very hard wood a line as delicate as the finest produced by an etcher with his needle upon the copper plate.

"Fire:" Third of a Series of Four Panels, "The Elements." (See Supplement A, No. 39).

Treatments have been given of this series for wood carving, metal work, pyrography, and embroidery in the July and August numbers.