"Earth": The First of a Series of Four Panels (The Elements). As a copper panel, a fine study might be made of this design. The relief would be very much lower than that for carving, but the same effect could easily be gained by a careful worker. The most intricate part of the work would, of course, be in the fruit, and great care should he taken to avoid fracture. Innumerable annealings will be necessary, but if the raising is done gradually and is not forced, there should be no risk of breaking. The ornament at the top and lettering underneath should be traced only, but, if desired, a very slight relief could be given. If, however, this is done at all it must be quite secondary to the figure.

The Bellows. [See Supplement.)

Fronts of bellows are a favourite subject with re] workers, and this design is very suitable for such work. For beginners it lends itself to chasing only, with the background tilled in with matt or punch; for more advanced workers there is room for a considerable amount of low relief, particularly in the modelling of the dragons' heads.

The Buckle on this page may be worked in either copper or silver. It is intended to be worked in two pieces, which hook together. The metal is to be raised and modelled, not merely outlined. If a very rich effect is wanted, green enamel may be let into the parts which are shaded in the drawing. If worked in silver, the swans would then stand out white, and the enamel would suggest foliage and water Back the buckle with a plate with a bar on each side for sewing on the leather or ribbon.

The Tudor Rose would look well in copper repousse, especially if the petals were carefully "undercut." In working it up, trace in the line, and raise from the other side the rounded portions of each petal and also the central boss. Work the inside of these raised portions as squarely as possible, to allow of ease in undercutting. The surface should be very lightly tooled with a thin raising tool.

The Dragon Design

With a little raising of the body and head this may be adapted for tooled leather. A fairly stout piece of hide will be required. An excellent effect would be gained by staining the leather when finished.

The Postal-Card Case In The Supplement

For plain tooling filled in with gold this design is a very suitable one for covering a space calling for an all-over design, particularly if worked in connection with a corner-piece like the Rose of Sharon, shown near by. With a little ingenuity a charming book-cover design might be arranged from these simple motives.

Objects For Carving

We take pleasure in commending for their honest material, sound manufacture and good taste, the objects for wood carving supplied to students and amateurs by Messrs. Vennelle Brothers (76, Stoke Road, Gosport). Like those master craftsmen, the Japanese, they use no nails in construction, but ingeniously fit together the parts, which may be readily re-adjusted after carving. We have perused their new catalogue with much interest.

The Practical Teacher's Art Monthly for 1903 makes a volume of great interest, both as to text and illustration. It is difficult in a single paragraph to do justice to its varied contents, but we must at least note the pleasure with which we have perused the dozen excellent short papers by W. E. Sparkes on "Famous Artists, and How They Worked"; A. W. Seaby's suggestive articles on "Outdoor Sketching," and A. F. Richards' useful hints on " Drawing with Chalk and Charcoal on Toned Paper," and "The Use of the Brush to Suggest Form." The Practical Teacher is admirably edited It is published at 35 and 36, Paternoster Row.

Buckle in Raised Copper or Silver.

Buckle in Raised Copper or Silver.

The design is also available for leather. (See page 102.)