Fig. 1. - Flat Point.

Fig. 2. - Horn Point.

Fig. 3. - Extra Fine Point.

of expression. The process is of much greater antiquity than the domestic poker; it was certainly known to the early Egyptians, and for untold centuries practised by the aborigines of different latitudes. In succession to the domestic poker, in our own times, sets of irons, with points of different sizes, have been employed by the progressive burnt wood decorator, who heated them in a spirit lamp or gas stove. That artistic results could be obtained by such means is illustrated by the spirited drawing by M. Henri Guerard, reproduced on another page. Of course, the true artist will obtain artistic results, no matter what may be his restrictions as to tools or materials. With the average amateur it is different, and it is certain that burnt-wood etching could not have attained its present popularity but for the ingenious device which now enables anyone

Fig. 4.   Shading Attachment for Pyrogravure.

Fig. 4. - Shading Attachment for Pyrogravure.

Fig. 5.   Special Tool for Relief Pyrogravure.

Fig. 5. - Special Tool for Relief Pyrogravure.

Fig. 6.   Brush for clearing the charred wood in Relief Pyrogravure.

Fig. 6. - Brush for clearing the charred wood in Relief Pyrogravure.

Fig. 7. Sh0wing The Modern Poker Work Appliance And The Use Of The Platinum Point

Fig. 7.-Sh0wing The Modern " Poker-Work" Appliance And The Use Of The Platinum Point

(See page 294.) who can draw at all - or, indeed, anyone who can only trace or copy the designs of others - to practise pyrogravure. The change was brought about by the discovery, by some clever amateur, of the adaptability of the heated platinum point to the purpose - a hint borrowed from the practice of the surgeon. By this means the great difficulty of maintaining the pointed irons at a temperature that can be regulated by the operator has been obviated by dispensing with the irons altogether, and substituting a series of metal points screwed into cork handles, always ready for use and almost as easy to manipulate as an ordinary pen or pencil. But let me describe the apparatus in detail. Its management once understood, with a little practice the clever amateur will find the rest plain sailing.

Progressive Stages in Pyrogravure, ending with Relief Burning.

Progressive Stages in Pyrogravure, ending with Relief Burning.