## Folding A Paper Cup

It may be that you like folding paper better than cutting it. The Boy Scouts are taught how to make a drinking cup out of a piece of paper. Take a five or six inch square of any glazed paper and fold it diagonally. On one of the equal sides of the triangle thus formed find the point two-fifths of the distance from the apex, the point E in Figure 10, a, and fold the opposite corner, B, over to it. Turn the paper over and fold the corner C to the corresponding point F on the other side of the triangle. Then turn down the points

Figure 10, a.

Figure 10, b.

A and C and tuck them into, not under, the pockets below them on either side to get Figure 10, b. Try out your cup the next time you are thirsty.

## The Magic Circle

Fold double an oblong piece of paper and make cuts in it running alternately down and up, like those shown in Figure 11. The first one in from both right and left must start at the fold AD. Next cut along this fold from B to C, leaving the two end strips intact. What is your guess as to the size of the circle you will have when you unfold the paper?

Figure 11. THE JAPANESE BIRD.

The folded Japanese Bird is a useful parlor accomplishment that is sure to repay you for the effort of learning how to make it. As the woman said of the statue of Laocoon and the Serpents, it is "lovely but intricate." If you are attracted by it, study the diagrams and read the directions carefully before beginning to fold.

There are four stages, shown by our four figures. Figure 12, a on page 31 gives the creases made. They must be absolutely accurate. Cut from a sheet of letter paper a four or five inch square. Keep the paper on a flat surface while creasing it. Fold the edge AB over to CD and unfold. Then fold AD to BC and unfold. Crease the two diagonals in the same way. When flattened out the paper should show the pattern of the heavy lines of Figure 12, a. Next fold the edge AB to the diagonal AC and the edge AD to the same diagonal. Unfold. Make similar folds running from each of the four corners. You have now put in the dotted lines of Figure 12, a, giving three lines in all from each of the four corners. Mark the letters of the diagram on the reverse side of the paper, making sure that the two sets of letters agree. No more creases are to be made until you reach Figure 12, c. If you have made any mistake in the folding, do not try to correct it but begin again with another piece of paper.

Figure 12, a.

The next object is to get Figure 12, b. First you must get the square, A, E, M, H, and it requires some

Figure 12 patience and skill. Fold again on the diagonal BD, bringing the corners A and C together and hold the triangle, with A at the top, in the left hand. The crease running from M to D must now be reversed, i. e. turned inside out, and D must be brought up between A and C. To do these two things at the same time, put the right forefinger inside the crease and hold the left thumb against it on the outside. Then with a slight pressure of the thumb push D up into place between A and C and as you do this the crease will reverse itself. In the same way bring up B and you will have the square. To get the kite-shaped figure outlined by the heavy lines of Figure 12, b is the next step. Notice the point marked N. Still holding the paper in the left hand, reverse the crease from H to N and doing this will bring H in between A and D to the central axis. In similar fashion reverse the corresponding creases at E, F and G and bring these points in. And you have the kite.

To get Figure 12, c, turn the kite so that M is at the top and fold back A and C as far as they will go. This gives a diamond with the lower half split. The upper half makes the wings of the bird.

As the final step the lower points, B and D, must be brought up between the wings to form the head and tail. Again it is a matter of reversing creases, this time the original diagonal folds running from the center to these points. As you run your thumb and forefinger along each one, carry the point up until it is at a right angle with the edge of the wing and crease it firmly in place. Be sure that you reverse the fold all the way to the center and make an exact right angle. All that remains to be done is to fold over one point for the head and to mark the eye. Then behold, the bird of Figure 12, d. By holding it at the point marked x and pulling the tail the wings can be made to flutter.

These birds can be made in various sizes as well as assorted colors. If the wings are curled over a pencil, the birds will stand up and a set can be used for place cards with names written on the wings. They will start any dinner party to talking straightway.

## How To Get Colored Papers

Colored paper for cutting or folding may be secured from any stationer. Wherever school supplies are sold, packages of "construction paper" in assorted colors and various glazed and unglazed surfaces are to be had. But nowadays the druggist, the florist, the bookseller have taken to colored wrapping paper and you can collect a considerable variety of material if you keep a watchful eye on the packages that come to you. The black paper that comes between photographic plates can be had from photographers for the asking.

Whatever you work at, remember that you want to be able to put it away quickly. Before the first snip with your scissors have a bed-apron or a strip of cloth spread over the bedclothes, as suggested on page 3, so that all the scraps can be lifted off together on a moment's notice.

## Books On Paper Cutting And Folding

Cut-Paper Decoration, Christopher St. John. The Studio Publications Inc., New York. 1934. Reprint of an English booklet. Paper-Craft Problems, S. E. E. Hammond. Bruce Publishing Company, Milwaukee, Wisconsin. 192 j. Paper Cutting, Annye Allison. Bruce Publishing Company, Milwaukee, Wisconsin. 1924. A teachers' manual, full of interesting suggestions. Fun with Paper Folding, William D. Murray and Frances J. Rig-ney. Fleming H. Revell, New York. 1928. The best book in this field for adults. How to Use Paper and Scissors in Art, Mildred Swannell. Bridg-man Publishers, Pelham, New York. 1928. Some charming landscapes in colored papers. Children's Colored Paper Work, Frank Cizek. Anton Schroll & Co., Vienna. 1927. The delightful work done by the children of the Industrial Art School of Vienna. A scholarly and inspiring study of the art of paper cutting by a great teacher. English translation.

### Materials

Milton Bradley Company, Springfield, Massachusetts. Branches in all large cities.

Dennison Manufacturing Company, Framingham, Massachusetts. Branches in the larger cities. Products carried by most stationers.