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Everybody's Handicraft Handbook | by The Progress Press



This book contains information about many handicrafts that can be performed by everybody. All the methodologies are well explained and therefore little prior experience is required.

TitleEverybody's Handicraft Handbook
AuthorProgress Press
PublisherProgress Press, Washington, D. C.
Year1946
Copyright1946, Progress Press
AmazonEverybody's Handicraft Handbook
-Improvised Tools And Materials
The tools and materials for many handicrafts can be improvised from objects which arc frequently to be found lying around in one's attic, garage, or cellar. The salvage heap of a factory can he a veri...
-Leathercraft
The natural beauty of leather and its adaptability to many articles of common use have made leathercraft one of the most popular and profitable pastimes. It is also one of the easiest in its simpler f...
-Leathercraft. Part 2
Flat Tooling Or Modeling In this process, certain areas-of the design are brought into relief by lowering the background around them. The principle is the same as in transferring the pattern. The l...
-Leathercraft. Part 3
Incising Incising is used where very deep, narrow lines are desired. It requires a good deal of skill, and the beginner will do well to practice on scrap leather before using it in a project. Th...
-Leathercraft. Part 4
Lacing And Stitching Light weight leathers can be easily stitched by hand or on a sewing machine. If the machine is used, place a thin piece of paper beneath the leather to prevent the feed from ma...
-Woodcarving And Whittling
Whittling is an old Yankee pastime that requires nothing but a pocket knife and a piece of wood. The casual whittler who has produced only shavings or monograms on tree trunks has little conception of...
-Woodcarving And Whittling. Continued
Inciting Like chip carving, incising is a process of decorating wood by cutting a design below the surface. It is done, however, with one or more of the wood-carving tools, usually gouges, V-tools,...
-Woodworking
Almost everyone has some degree of familiarity with wood. It is one of the oldest and most easily worked materials. There is a good deal of difference, however, between the makeshift hammer and saw wo...
-Woodworking. Part 2
Planing, Cutting And Filing Two kinds of planes will be found useful for smoothing and truing up lumber. The jack place is designed to cut with the grain, the block plane across the grain. The jack...
-Woodworking. Part 3
Gluing A glued joint, properly done, will be stronger than the surrounding wood and has the advantage of showing no fasteners. Hot glue has the greatest strength and is used by professional cabinet...
-Woodworking. Part 4
Finishing The first step in finishing an article after it has been assembled is to sand it smooth. This not only removes small irregularities in the surface, but also cleans the wood for the final ...
-Metal Work
Metal is one of the most varied and satisfactory of all the craft materials. It can be hammered, cut, and sawed; it can be chased, planished, and etched. A knowledge of the fundamental techniques outl...
-Metal Work. Part 2
Soldering Absolute cleanliness is the secret of successful soldering. Polish with steel wool the metal surfaces to be joined, the tip of the soldering iron, and the solder itself. Heat the iron unt...
-Metal Work. Part 3
Methods Of Decorating Metal Many objects may well be left with a plain polished surface. In some cases, however, you may wish to apply a monogram, a decorative design, or otherwise modify the smoot...
-Plastics
Although technically a plastic is any material that can be molded or formed, for the purpose of this manual the term will be applied only to synthetic resins which are capable of being worked with h...
-Plastics. Part 2
Carving And Engraving Most interesting effects may be achieved by this method of decoration, using various systems. Outside curves, such as on the signet of a ring or around a bracelet, are most ea...
-Plastics. Part 3
Cementing Each material requires its own type of cement. Cast phenolic resins are best cemented with a special preparation, supplied by the manufacturers, which consists of partially cured syrupy p...
-Clay Modeling
With very few materials and little special knowledge you can make a great variety of useful and decorative articles from clay. The new self-hardening clays arc easily formed into vases, bowls, tiles, ...
-Clay Modeling. Continued
Flat Strip Pottery A variation of the coil method is the use of flat strips, each going once around the vase. They may bee cut from a slab about 1/2 inch thick. Each strip should be approximately 1...
-Puppets
Puppets appeal both to the craftsman and the theater man. They give an opportunity to design and build and to put on a play. Because a puppet may be constructed very simply out of almost any sort of m...
-Puppets. Part 2
Shadow Figure Show Place a bright floodlight above the screen and not too far behind it, shielding it from the front and making sure that it does not glare into the eyes of the audience. This will ...
-Puppets. Part 3
String-Puppet Show While a complete miniature stage with scenery can be built in scale with the puppets (an elevated bridge for the puppeteers keeps their hands out of sight above the proscenium fr...
-Braiding And Knotting
Braiding and knotting arc closely related crafts which are easily mastered by the beginner. They have the great advantage of requiring no special equipment; all that is needed is the material used. Th...
-Braiding And Knotting. Part 2
Flat Braiding With Double And Triple Strands The simple over and under pattern described above can be varied in a number of ways. Treating two neighboring strands as a single strand is one method. ...
-Braiding And Knotting. Part 3
Knotting Knotting is done with any thread or cord that will hold when drawn into an ordinary square knot. Belts, mats, purses and similar articles can be made by this technique as well as hammocks ...
-Celluloid Etching
Celluloid etching is one of the easiest print processes for the beginner; it yields professional results with a minimum of equipment and experience. The technique is not actually one of etching (which...
-Block Printing
Linoleum block printing, like the old woodcut method from which it grew, offers an easy means of producing strong bold designs either in fine prints or on greeting cards, letterheads, and monograms. L...
-Silk Screen Printing
The silk screen process is a stencil technique which offers the amateur an easy method of making prints, greeting cards, posters, book covers and many other printed objects. It may be done on wood, ca...
-Silk Screen Printing. Continued
Tusche Method This method is generally favored by artists because it permits free brushwork and a variety of effects such as shading, stipple, or spatter. A finished print, done in several colors, ...
-Poster Design And Lettering
Anyone who can write can learn to letter. No unusual talent is needed. Those who invest sufficient time in learning the five fundamental steps presented in this chapter will master a craft that is hig...
-Poster Design And Lettering. Continued
Spacing Good spacing is more important than good lettering. Many beginners who can make a fair alphabet have trouble with letter spacing. If you will make an effort to equalize the space between th...
-Cartooning
Anyone who has ever doodled with a pencil is a potential cartoonist. With practice and some knowledge of how to construct figures and faces, you can create caricatures and cartoons which will amuse ev...
-Drawing
The comic figure and the funny face are good starting points, even for the serious artist, just as pencil and paper are the easiest and most accessible tools for doing them. But as you continue, you w...
-Drawing. Part 2
Building With the masses (head, chest and pelvis) represented by three blocks, unmoving in themselves, think of these blocks in relation to each other. Forget, for the moment, any connecting portio...
-Drawing. Part 3
The Neck (Fig. 227) The neck is cylindrical in shape and follows the curve of the spinal column. Even when the head is thrown back the neck curves slightly forward. From ln-hind each ear a muscle d...
-Oil Painting
You need only three things to paint a picture—the paint, something to apply it to, and something to apply it with. These can all be purchased at commercial art stores; generally the modern artist elec...
-A Painting Lesson
There are several ways of painting. But in starting out to study the craft there is nothing better than simple, direct painting. This method has the great advantage of permitting changes and correctio...
-A Painting Lesson. Part 2
Painting A Still Life An excellent example of still life is the wine bottle with two saucepans. Many similar subjects are easy to arrange. The same procedure should be followed in reducing the subj...
-A Painting Lesson. Part 3
Third Stage (fig. 250). Xow it is time to do more detailed work around the eyes, nose, and mouth. Start by working darker tones into the shadows at the corners of the eyes and along the tops of the ey...
-Tempera
Tempera means any medium used to temper dry pigments so that they may be applied and bound to a surface. Usually tempera signifies only media containing egg or glue. Other types are classified as oi...
-Water Color
Water color is a brilliant and flexible medium. Jt has several practical advantages in that the equipment needed is small, compact and easily carried. A finished water color can be painted much more r...
-Mural Painting
Mural painting is something you won't undertake as often as small-scale work. But is is an interesting art that always enjoys considerable demand. Many soldier artists have executed murals for service...
-Mural Painting. Part 2
Sizing The Cenves When the raw canvas has been stretched or mounted on a panel, it should be painted with a simple solution of glue water (2 ounces glue to 1 quart water). The best glues arc those ...
-Mural Painting. Part 3
(1) Trowel type painting knife with flexible steel blade in wood handle (fig. 261). trowel type painting knife Figure 261. (2) Double palette cup for oil and turpentine (fig. 262). ...
-Photography
Photography, as a hobby, brings pleasure to people of many different inclinations. The scientific-minded person will want to concentrate on the optical and chemical side of picture taking and making. ...
-Photography. Part 2
Taking The Picture Bear in mind all the advice given earlier about planning the picture. With the box type camera, no further adjustments are necessary. Move the camera forward or backward or up or...
-Photography. Part 3
Developing The Film The next step is to develop the film. There are two general processes which can be used. The more efficient is based on the time and temperature theory. The temperature of the s...
-Photography. Part 4
(7) ;Remove the film from the reel and hang it up to dry. Use film-hanging clips or clothes pins of the clamp type. Hang the film with one clip and attach another to the bottom. When the film has been...
-Photography. Part 5
Choice Of Paper The choice of paper depends on the type of negative. The two main kinds of paper are glossy and matte, each of which comes in single or double weight. The glossy paper brings out de...
-Photography. Part 6
Enlarging The developing, fixing, and washing of enlarged prints made by projection are the same as those processes for contract prints. The difference between the two lies entirely in the method o...
-Other Crafts
There are many forms of craft work not covered in this manual. It is impossible to list them all. but a few of the more popular are described briefly below. Shells Shells found on any beach can ...









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