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Machinery's Shop Receipts And Formulas | by The Industrial Press



412 Shop Receipts and Formulas Selected From MACHINERY

TitleMachinery's Shop Receipts And Formulas
AuthorThe Industrial Press
PublisherThe Industrial Press
Year1911
Copyright1911, The Industrial Press
AmazonMachinery's Shop Receipts and Formulas
Machinery's Shop Receipts And Formulas.

Classified And Revised Second Edition

-Blue-Print Writing Fluids
Marking Fluid For Blue-Prints The following receipt for marking fluid for blue-prints has given me satisfaction. The fluid Is composed of potassium oxalate, 1 ounce; gum arabic, 1 dram (60 grains); w...
-Solutions For Preparing Blue-Printing Paper
Blue-Printing Formula I have used the following receipt for blueprints with much satisfaction. The same formula may be applied for postal cards on which it is desired to print landscapes or similar v...
-Methods Of Treating Blue-Prints And Brown-Prints
How To Make Vandyke Prints More Transparent To a pint of best grade gasoline, add as much parafine as the gasoline will readily dissolve and spread this solution evenly over the print with a soft bru...
-Methods Of Treating Blue-Prints And Brown-Prints. Continued
Solution For Cleaning Blue-Prints Dissolve enough bichromate of potash In water to color the water a deep orange - or about one tablespoonful to eight gallons of water. Wash the blue-prints in clear ...
-Miscellaneous Drafting-Room Receipts
How To Preserve Reference Tables Reference tables are very convenient to use but soon get dirty and torn. To prevent this pour some lacquer in a shallow tray and dip the paper into it and hang it up ...
-Cements For Metals
How To Join Together Two Pieces Of Iron That Cannot Be Heated I have used a compound consisting of sulphur, 6 parts; white lead, 6 parts; and borax, 1 part. These substances are dissolved in concentr...
-Cements And Filling For Cast Iron
Filling For Cast Iron One-quarter tumbler full of japan dryer, 1% ounce finely ground dry white lead. Mix and add 1 quart of finishing japan. Stir in dry rotten stone until mixture is a thick paste. ...
-Cements And Filling For Cast Iron. Continued
Water And Oilproof Cement Some time ago I built a gasoline engine and boat, but when I put the rig on the river I found the engine would run for a short while and then stop. I found that the cause wa...
-Cements For Pipe Joints
Steam Pipe Cement Mix equal parts, by weight, of oxide of manganese, pipe clay and white lead, ground with linseed oil varnish. E. H. McClintock. West Somerville, Mass. Substitute For Bed Lead A...
-Cements For Attaching Cloth, Emery To Iron
How To Fasten Paper Labels To Iron Or Steel Rub the surface over with an onion cut in half. Then apply the label with glue or paste. L. E. Muncy. Syracuse, N. Y. Attaching Cloth To Iron Heat the...
-Cements For Leather, And Leather And Metals
A Belt Cement To make a reliable belt cement use 1 pound of Peter Cooper's white glue and 1 ounce of powdered white lead; mix like ordinary glue (thick). When used it should be thinned to the require...
-Cements For Leather, And Leather And Metals. Continued
Cement For Leather Belts In an ordinary glue-pot soak overnight a pound of good fish glue in a pint of cold water. Heat this up, stirring until completely dissolved. Then add one ounce of dry white l...
-Cements For Attaching Glass And Marble To Metals
Cement For Fastening Glass Work To Brass Tubes A cement for fastening glass work to brass tubes is made of rosin, 5 ounces; beeswax, 1 ounce; and red ochre or Venetian red, in powder, 1 ounce. Birmi...
-Cements For Gluing Emery, Metals To Wood
Cement For Fastening Tools In Their Handles Mix. one part beeswax, one part fine brick dust and four parts black rosin. E. H. McClintock. West Somerville, Mass. Cement For Gluing Emery To Wood Or...
-Cements For Miscellaneous Purposes
Shellac Cement Shellac is the basis of most adhesive cements. A good one is made by thickening shellac varnish (shellac dissolved in alcohol) with dry white lead, mixing the two with a putty knife on...
-Glues And Their Preparation
How To Waterproof Glued Joints To render glued joints waterproof, rub common chalk on the surface of the wood where the glue is to be applied, and then coat with ordinary glue in the usual manner. Th...
-Etching Fluids
Etching Fluid I have found the following receipt for a fluid for etching steel to be very satisfactory, both for frosting effect and deep etching. Mix 1 ounce sulphate of copper, ounce alum, teas...
-Etching Fluids. Continued
Etching Solution The etching solution made by the following formula has an advantage over other etching solutions in that it will not rust the most highly polished steel, and it is not in any way inj...
-Hardening And Tempering Carbon Steel
How To Harden Drills For Cutting Glass To harden drills for cutting glass, dissolve zinc in muriatic acid to saturation, then reduce the solution by adding an equal volume of water. Dip and use witho...
-Hardening And Tempering Carbon Steel. Part 2
How To Prevent Lead From Sticking To The Work To prevent lead from sticking to work that has many small corners or grooves, when heated in a lead bath preparatory to hardening, mix lamp black with wa...
-Hardening And Tempering Carbon Steel. Part 3
How To Heat The Tips Of Small Tools Sometimes it is necessary to heat, for the purpose of hardening or annealing, the tips of small tools, such as countersinks, etc. To do this without heating other ...
-Hardening And Tempering Carbon Steel. Part 4
A Tempering Solution A tempering solution used for high heats may be composed of two parts Chili saltpeter and one part nitrate of soda. This tempering solution is used only at high temperatures, as ...
-Heat Treatment Of High-Speed Steel
How To Anneal High-Speed And Air-Hardening Steels To anneal Novo or Blue Chip highspeed steel or any of the air-hardening steels, pack the steel in a piece of gas pipe with powdered charcoal, and...
-Case-Hardening
Case-Hardening Process For Cold Rolled Steel To successfully case-harden common cold rolled steel so that it will answer for the cutters of inserted reamers, etc., pack the cutters in granulated raw ...
-Annealing Steel And Other Metals
Annealing Steel Cover the steel with fire clay, and heat to a red heat. Then allow the steel to cool over night in a furnace or forge. This method will prove satisfactory when other means fail. Samue...
-Methods For Heat Treatment Of Cast Iron
Chilling Cast Iron Mix together pint of oil of vitriol, 2 ounces of saltpeter, and 3 gallons of clean water. Heat the casting, and plunge it in this solution, keeping it there until cold. Dayton, ...
-Polishing Brass, Nickel And Steel
Compound For Cleaning Brass To make a brass cleaning compound use oxalic acid, 1 ounce; rotten stone. 6 ounces; enough whale oil and spirits of turpentine of equal parts to mix and make a paste. G. E...
-Polishing Brass, Nickel And Steel. Continued
Cleaning The Polished Farts Of Machinery Stains of every description, such as may result from dried oil, etc., may be easily and effectively removed by the application of alcohol. Calvin B. Ross. Sr...
-Producing Blue Or Brown Colors On Steel
How To Produce Brown Finish On Steel To produce the rich brown finish that is commonly used on large guns use sulphate of copper, 1 ounce; sweet spirits nitre, 1 ounce; distilled water, 1 pint. Four...
-Producing Black Color On Iron And Steel
How To Give Iron A Black Color To give iron a dead black color, clean all grease and dirt from the metal, and apply the following solution either with a brush or by dipping. Mix together thoroughly 1...
-Lacquers And Enamels For Steel
Lacquering Effect On Polished Steel Mutton suet burnt on a polished surface produces a brilliant black which is very lasting. H. T. Millar. Manchester, Eng. Bronzing Fluid For Steel To obtain a ...
-Producing Coatings Of Copper Or Brass On Iron
How To Brass Small Articles To brass small articles of iron or steel drop them into a quart of water and ounce each of sulphate of copper and pro-tochloride of tin. Stir the articles in this soluti...
-Miscellaneous Finishing And Coating Processes For Iron And Steel
Tinning Cast Iron To tin cast-iron articles, dissolve chloride of tin in water until the solution is fully saturated; this saturated solution is to be thinned down when needed for use, by ten times i...
-Treating Brass Castings
Malleable Brass Brass which possesses malleability in a high degree can be obtained by alloying 57 parts of copper with 43 of zinc. Pittsburg, Pa. U. Peters. How To Pickle Brass Castings An exce...
-Producing Coated Surfaces On Brass, Bronze, Copper, Zinc And Tin
Blacking Brass For blacking brass I find nothing superior to chloride of antimony. The articles should be thoroughly cleaned and polished, then immersed in the solution for a short time, and dried ov...
-Producing Coated Surfaces On Brass, Bronze, Copper, Zinc And Tin. Part 2
How To Produce A Gray Color On Brass First clean off with alcohol, polish the surface to an even finish, making sure that grease or finger marks are removed. Then immerse in a solution of one ounce o...
-Producing Coated Surfaces On Brass, Bronze, Copper, Zinc And Tin. Part 3
How To Blacken Zinc For Laying Out The following receipt is often used for coating iron or steel, but it is not generally known among many of the craft that it may be used to prepare zinc for sketchi...
-Producing Coated Surfaces On Brass, Bronze, Copper, Zinc And Tin. Part 4
Antique Brass Finish Shop Receipt It is comparatively easy to get a nice antique finish on copper or copper-plated articles, but the treatment of brass is more difficult. Most of the processes used d...
-Producing Coated Surfaces On Brass, Bronze, Copper, Zinc And Tin. Part 5
Producing Black Nickel Coatings On Metal Surfaces The following solution for depositing a black nickel coating on metal surfaces is given by the Brass World. The solution consists of the following co...
-Producing Coated Surfaces On Brass, Bronze, Copper, Zinc And Tin. Part 6
How To Bronze Yellow Brass To produce a bronze finish on rough yellow brass castings, mix equal parts of nitric acid, sulphuric acid and water; the nitric acid and water should be mixed first and the...
-Producing Coated Surfaces On Brass, Bronze, Copper, Zinc And Tin. Part 7
How To Blacken Brass Should it be desired to change the color of an article made of brass to a dark bronze or black, the following compound will be found to give good results, espe-cially if the meta...
-Rust Removers And Preventatives
How To Prevent Exposed Iron Busting To prevent iron, which is exposed to moisture, from rusting, paint over with a coat of Portland liquid cement. This is very satisfactory for posts which are set in...
-Solders And Soldering Acids
Cheap Plowing Solder A cheap soft solder which is good for purposes where not much pressure is carried, is made by adding to each pound of lead, while melting, one teaspoonful of common salt. C. L. S...
-Solders And Soldering Acids. Part 2
Soldering Alloys I have used the following soldering alloys and can recommend them: For copper with copper: Copper, 55; zinc, 40; tin, 5. For copper with iron: Copper, 80; zinc, 16; tin, 4. For br...
-Solders And Soldering Acids. Part 3
Soldering Without Heat Take 1 ounce of ammoniac and 1 ounce of common salt, an equal quantity of calcined tartar, and 3 ounces of antimony. Pound this well together and sift. Put this in a piece of l...
-Solders And Soldering Acids. Part 4
Improved Soldering' Acid A very satisfactory soldering acid may be made by the use of the ordinary soldering acid for the base and introducing a certain proportion of chloride of tin and sal-ammoniac...
-Solders And Soldering Acids. Part 5
Non-Corrosive Soldering Fluid An economical non-corrosive soldering fluid is the following: Put any quantity of chloride of zinc in a bottle, fill it up with alcohol, and allow it to stand at least 4...
-Miscellaneous Alloys
Alloy For Caliper And Gage Rod Casting's A mixture of 30 parts zinc to 70 parts aluminum gives a light and durable alloy for gage rods and caliper legs. The gage rods must be steel tipped for the all...
-Lubricants For Bearings
Lubricant For Lathe Centers An excellent lubricant for lathe centers is made by using 1 part graphite and 4 parts tallow thoroughly mixed. Rock Falls, Ill. E. C. Noble. Preparing Pine Oil For Del...
-Lubricants For Machining Or Working Metals
Tapping Holes In Cast Iron Kerosene oil used as a lubricant for tapping holes in cast iron is the best lubricant known to the writer. Wm. Davis. Philadelphia, Pa. How To Turn Very Hard Iron And St...
-Lubricants For Machining Or Working Metals. Part 2
Lubricant For Turning Copper A solution of sal-soda mixed with lard oil is a lubricant I have seen used on copper in turret lathe work with good results. S. H. Sweet. Bridgeport, Conn. Solution F...
-Lubricants For Machining Or Working Metals. Part 3
Lubricating Soap For Wire Drawing, Screw Cutting And Working Metals Put 20 pounds of pure caustic potash into an iron or earthen vessel with 2 gallons of water. The potash will dissolve very quickly ...
-Belt And Rope Dressings
Belt Dressing I have found the following mixture to answer the purpose of a good belt dressing as well as an excellent anti-slip medium for hard-worked leather driving belts: Russian tallow, 1 ounce;...
-Fire And Waterproofing Receipts
Fireproofing Solution For Toolmakers' Aprons, Etc Toolmakers' aprons, factory shades and other inflammable materials may be rendered absolutely fireproof by being treated with the following solution:...
-Clays And Clay Substitutes
Mixture For Fire Cement To make a fire cement use 100 parts fire clay, wet; 3 parts black oxide manganese; 3 parts white sand; and part powdered asbestos. Thoroughly mix, adding sufficient water to...
-Varnishes
Varnish For Steel A good varnish for steel may be made by dissolving 10 parts of clear grains of mastic, 5 parts of camphor, 15 parts of san-darac, and 5 parts of elemi in a sufficient quantity of gr...
-Varnishes. Continued
Composition Of Spirit Varnish The table below gives the composition in ounces of eight different kinds of varnish : Sandrac ....... 2 8 - 4 2 - 1 1 ...
-Paints And Whitewashes
Waterproof Paint For Plaster To make waterproof paint for plaster get some mica plates, bleach them by fire, boil in hydrochloric acid, wash and dry and reduce to a fine powder; then mix with suffici...
-Plaster of Paris
Mixing Plaster Of Paris Almost every one has to mix up gypsum or plaster of paris once in a while, but few know how to do it so as to make a smooth cream, or thin dough, without lumps. The trick is n...
-Polishing And Finishing Wood
Mixture For Ebonizing Wood Handles, Etc To prepare a mixture for ebonizing wood handles, etc., use logwood, 2 pounds; tannic acid, 1 pound, and sulphate of iron, 1 pound. Apply hot and polish when th...
-To Recut Old Files
How To Recut Old Files Dissolve four ounces of saleratus in one quart of water and boil the files in it for half an hour, wash and dry them. Have ready in a glass or stoneware vessel 1 quart of rain ...
-Eye Washes, Salves, Cleaning Compounds, Disinfectants
Use Of Turpentine For Wounds The machinist often cuts or bruises his hands and by having a small bottle of turpentine handy he can at once bathe the injured part, which will relieve the soreness and ...
-Eye Washes, Salves, Cleaning Compounds, Disinfectants. Continued
Preventing Serious Results From Injuries From Rusted Objects Everyone knows how a small wound caused by rusty pieces of metal oftentimes develops blood poison, or lockjaw. The following old-fashioned...
-Miscellaneous Useful Receipts
Marking Polished Steel A very handy way of marking polished steel for sizes, instructions, etc., is to keep a small oil can filled with turpentine with which to saturate a small piece of waste as nee...
-Miscellaneous Useful Receipts. Part 2
Acid Pickling For Forgings To remove scale from drop forgings which have to be machined, dip in a pickle composed of hot water 24 parts, sulphuric acid 1 part. Hardener. How To Write Black On Glas...
-Miscellaneous Useful Receipts. Part 3
Process For Pulverizing Borax To a two-gallon pail of boiling water add as much borax as will dissolve - and a surprising amount will dissolve - 12 to 15 pounds in two gallons of water. When as much ...
-Miscellaneous Useful Receipts. Part 4
How To Test Galvanized Wire The Western Union Telegraph Co. subjects its wires to the following test in order to ascertain that they are well galvanized. The wire is plunged into a saturated solution...
-Miscellaneous Useful Receipts. Part 5
How To Babbitt Crossheads Some classes of engines have a single bar guide, with a crosshead of the enclosed type, three sides of which are babbitt lined. The crosshead is put in place on piston rod a...
-Miscellaneous Useful Receipts. Part 6
How To Braze Steel And Iron Without Heat To braze steel or iron without heat take ounce fluoric acid, 2 ounces of brass filings, and 1 ounce of steel filings. Put them all into the fluoric. Touch eac...
-Miscellaneous Useful Receipts. Part 7
For Washing Shop Windows Soap and water are poor materials with which to wash greasy and dirty shop windows. The labor cost is excessive; the soapy water gets into the joints of the window sashes and...
-Miscellaneous Useful Receipts. Part 8
Cleaning Fluid For Pine Fabrics This cleaning fluid may not be of much use in the shop, but if some machinist should get the machine shop grime on his Sunday-go-to-meeting trousers, he will find it...
-Antidotes For Poisons
Antidote For Nitrate Of Silver In case of poisoning by nitrate of silver take large doses of salt dissolved in water, after which take one teaspoonful of mustard flour in warm water. Antidotes For...









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previous page: Evolution Of The Machine Shop | by James Hartness
  
page up: Craft and Hobby Books
  
next page: Modern Shop Practice V1| by Howard Monroe Raymond