Ladles similar to the one shown in Fig. 83, may be made from two pieces welded together, one forming the handle, the other the bowl, or as sometimes is done, the handle may be riveted on. A piece of flat stock is first "laid out" as shown in Fig. 84. This is then cut out with a cold chisel and the handle is welded on at the projecting point. In forming the bowl the stock is heated evenly and placed over a round hole in a swage block or other object - a hole being chosen which is slightly smaller than the outside diameter of the piece to be worked - and to round the bowl it is worked as indicated in Fig. 85, with the peen end of the hammer. The forming should be done as much as possible by working near the edge of the piece rather than in the center. After the bowl has been properly shaped the edges should be ground off smooth and the lips formed as shown in Fig. 86. This is done by placing the part from which the lip is made against one of the small grooves in the side of the swage block and driving in a piece of small round iron, thus hollowing out the lip. The stock draws in somewhat when being rounded up. For the bowl of a ladle 3 1/2 inches in diameter, the stock when flat should have an outside diameter of about 4 inches, and be 1/8 inch thick. Machine steel should be used for making the bowl; if ordinary wrought iron is used, the metal is almost sure to split.

Finishing Bolt Tongs.

Fig. 82. Finishing Bolt Tongs.

Ladle.

Fig. 83. Ladle.

Flat Stock for Ladle.

Fig. 84. Flat Stock for Ladle.

Forming Ladle Lips.

Fig. 88. Forming Ladle Lips.