With the point 0 as a center and a radius of 1 inch, describe the base circle. Divide the circle into any number of equal parts - 16, for instance - and draw radii to the points of division. At the point D, draw a light pencil line perpendicular to 0 D. This line will be tangent to the circle. Similarly at the points E, F, G, H, etc., draw tangents to the circle. Set the dividers so that the distance between the points will be equal to the chord of the arc C D, and measure this distance from D along the tangent. From the point E, measure on the tangent a distance equal to two of these chords; from the point F, three divisions; and from the point G, four divisions. Similarly, measure distances on the remaining tangents, each time adding the length of the chord. This will give the points L, M, N, P, etc., to T. The curve drawn through these points will be the involute of the circle.

Inking

Observe the same rules in inking Plate VIII as were given for Plate VII. In Problems 25 and 26 the arcs and lines used in locating the points of the other half of the curve may be left in pencil. In Problem 28, all construction lines should be inked. After completing the problems the same lettering should be done on this plate as on previous plates.