This section is from the "Modern Machine Shop Construction, Equipment, And Management" book, by Oscar E. Perrigo. Also see Amazon: Modern Machine Shop Construction, Equipment, And Management.
The foreman of the tool room will make written orders in a carbon copying book to the different men doing the machine work in substantially the form shown in Fig. 194, adding a sketch whenever the drawings do not fully show what is required, or that some special method is necessary, or when the sketch will render his meaning more certain than written words. A fairly good sketch with the necessary dimensions can scarcely ever be made to mean what was not intended. Sometimes writing is rather weak in this respect, particularly if it has been carelessly done. This order is retained by the workman as his authority for doing the work, and will often be found useful in settling disputed questions arising where verbal orders were depended upon.
Whenever stock or material is required from the stock room, or from any other department, it will be drawn on a "Material" requisition of the form shown in Fig. 195. This requisition is written in duplicate, one part being retained by the foreman of the department furnishing the material, and the other part returned, with the material, with the costs entered upon it. Purchased parts require a similar requisition, of yellow paper, with the printed matter changed to suit its use. All stock and material drawn or received from whatever source will be entered on the material and cost card, so as to furnish an accurate account of all shop expenditures on the job as it passes through its various stages.
Any department other than the tool room doing any work on tools will send with the work their own material and cost card when the job is turned in to the tool room. These cards will be sent, together with the tool room card, to the cost clerk when the job is completed. The time of the foreman of the tool room will be charged against any order on which he may be nearly exclusively engaged, but this will seldom occur, and it will be safer as to general results to make his salary one of the so-called non-productive charges, the same as that of the other foremen, or the assistant superintendents. The same may be said of the errand boy who will be found necessary in this department. By the use of these blanks and the time card system there will by a minimum of clerical work to be done, and this may be easily handled be the foreman who will thus keep in closer touch with the routine work, distribution of time, and the cost of the work turned out.
Fig. 193. The Time Card, size, 3⅜ x 5« in. Straw Colored Cardboard.
Occasionally the tool room does work upon the regular product of the establishment. There may be some machines in the tool room equipment which are better adapted for certain work than those in use in the manufacturing departments, or it may be that there is less tool making than usual, and some work is put into this department for the purpose of keeping the force engaged rather than to temporarily transfer some of the men elsewhere. When such work is done in the tool room it will be handled exactly as it would be in one of the manufacturing departments, and be subject to the same rules and routine, as well as under the supervision of the second assistant superintendent, who is in charge of the manufacturing operations in general.
Fig. 194. Foreman's Order, size, 4 x 6 in. Color, Light Blue.
The enclosing partition of the tool department should not be wholly of boards, as this will very much impede the light. Neither is it necessary that it should be entirely of wire netting. A much better plan will be to build it of ⅞-inch matched sheathing, set vertically, and to a height of 42 inches, being finished with a strip covering the top ends of the boards and another at the bottom to cover the floor joint. Above this woodwork should be four feet of wire screen, which may be tacked to 2 × 3 inch uprights, and finished at the top with a cap and molding. If something more expensive is desired, gas pipe uprights may support an ornamented iron rail at the top, and a wire screen of lozenge-shaped mesh may be used instead of that of square or hexagonal mesh. This screen need not be finer than 1-inch mesh, and the larger the mesh the less it will impede the passage of light.
Fig. 195. Requisition for Stock and Materials, size, 8« × 11 in. Color, Light Green.
The tool storeroom, or tool keeping room, shown in the plan, Fig. 190, is fitted up with a bench on two sides and a semicircular counter which, in conjunction with the stock room, furnishes a very convenient arrangement for receiving and issuing tools and stock. This counter may be closed with a wire screen in front, having in it an opening for each room through which articles may be passed. The counter should be 42 inches high and the benches 30 inches. A door may open beneath the counter and a portion of the counter top be hinged to turn out of the way to admit large packages of stock, as a bale of waste, a barrel of oil, etc. This opening need not be over 30 inches wide. The remaining space beneath the counter may be fitted with shelves for holding articles frequently called for, and so placed as to be in convenient reach.
The sections of shelving are made 30 inches wide at the bottom and 20 inches wide at the top. They are shown as divided in the center, providing two series of shelves from 10 to 15 inches wide. Should wider shelves be desired for some special articles this central division may be omitted. At the partition between this room and the stock room proper is a series of shelves 20 inches wide. The sections of shelves may be 8 to 10 feet high according to the quantity of tools to be stored. If much above ordinary reach there should be sliding step ladders at each passage. A portion of the front end of each section is arranged with cross shelves, of a width to suit the tools more frequently used, so as to bring them in convenient reach of the tool keeper. Upon the bench at the right of the room and upon one or two strong shelves beneath it may be stored large fixtures too heavy to be conveniently kept on the section shelves.