The construction herein described is of wood, for reasons of economy, as it can be built by the carpenters employed about the plant. It is not by any means the best construction, however, and several new and improved forms are in use that offer important advantages in several ways. One of these is a skeleton rack formed of uprights composed of thin iron castings set at any desired distance apart to accommodate sheet metal drawers which rest on horizontal ribs cast on the uprights, which are held together by rods and sections of pipe to act as distance pieces.

By this system the sections may be made of any length, and to suit drawers of any width. These sections are double and accommodate two series of drawers, their backs coming together. Only one pattern is necessary for these supports, the projecting ribs forming the drawer supports being stopped off in the outsides of the uprights at each end of the sections. If drawers of twice the depth of those usually used are desired, each alternate rib may be stopped off for that purpose.

Another method is to build up the sections of angle iron or steel instead of cast iron uprights, riveting on angle strips to act as drawer supports. In this case, too, the drawers are made of sheet steel. The sections are made as in the former case for two series of drawers, their backs coming together. Double depth drawers may be arranged for when the supporting strips are riveted on.

Both of these methods afford a considerable protection to their contents against fire, while their construction is such as to render them very serviceable and lasting.

Still another plan is to have the sections built of wood with the shelves inclined to the front about twenty degrees and their front edges provided with a strip one inch high. Upon these shelves is a series of sheet iron pans from 2 to 4 inches deep and of suitable length and width. Ordinary baking pans may be used for this purpose. There may be upright dividing partitions between the pans, or not, as may be desired. They are not really necessary and to use them adds 50 per cent at least to the cost of the sections over what it would be if they were omitted. The shelves are inclined for convenience in seeing the articles contained in them.

The method of keeping the stock room supplied with the articles necessary to issue, and the manner of issuing and accounting for them will next be considered. It is the duty of the stock keeper to see that he always has a sufficient quantity of all kinds and sizes of stock to meet the probable demands that will be made upon him. When more of certain kinds is wanted he will make a requisition on the purchasing clerk upon a duplicate form shown in Fig. 198, sending him the first half and retaining the other part as evidence of what he has called for. When the stock is received he will check off the articles on this blank, and wait for the invoice, which the purchasing clerk will send him. This he will check from his portion of his requisition, upon which he will enter the costs.

Stock and Supply Requisition, size, 5« × 8« in. Color, Pink.

Fig. 198. Stock and Supply Requisition, size, 5« × 8« in. Color, Pink.

Stock Ledger Card, size, 46m. Color, White.

Fig. 199. Stock Ledger Card, size, 4×6m. Color, White.

In order to keep a correct account of all stocks received and issued; to know when a sufficient quantity of each article is on hand for issue; when to make requisition for more; and to be able to ascertain quickly at any time the amount of any one article on hand, the stock ledger card shown in Fig. 199 is used. There will be a separate card for each kind and size of stock. Ail stock will be classified and proper guide cards will readily show the location of each class of stock cards. These classes will be sub-divided when necessary, the class guide cards and the sub-class guide cards being of different colors. These sub-classes may be advantageously again divided in some instances. For instance: Class, cap screws; sub-classes, round and hexagonal heads; in each of these sub-classes, soft and case-hardened. Nut blanks, square and hexagonal. Sheet steel, machine steel, spring steel, and tool steel. Sheet brass, hard and soft, etc.

When stock is received it will be entered on the proper card, giving the date of its receipt. As quantities are issued the date and amount is entered at each issue, the total carried out on the horizontal line, and at any time added vertically and subtracted from the total amount received will show the balance on hand. When this card is filled up the amount on hand is ascertained and carried on to another card against the word "forward," and future operations entered as before.

Requisition for Consumable Supplies, size, 5« x 8« in. Color, Manila.

Fig. 200. Requisition for Consumable Supplies, size, 5« x 8« in. Color, Manila.

In order to prevent an unnecessary amount of any one stock, or of allowing the amount to get below a safe minimum, the stock keeper will watch the condition of his stock, note the amount issued within a certain time, and soon be able to fix maximum and minimum limits, within which the stock of each particular article is to be kept. These amounts he will enter on the upper right-hand corner of the proper card. Should his first estimate in this respect not prove correct he may change it on subsequent cards.

By careful attention to this point he may save much unnecessary outlay for stock kept on the shelves, and should any changes occur he will have less old stock to work off. Once every three months the stock on hand may be inventoried as a check on the card account. If found substantially correct these periods may be lengthened to six months.

All consumable supplies issued will be upon requisitions of the form shown in Fig. 200. These will always be signed by a foreman, or other authority. One part of this blank will be retained by the stock keeper, and the other part, with the costs entered upon it, returned with the supplies.

Still another division of the store or stock room may be a storeroom for small finished parts purchased from outside manufacturers. The general system of receiving them and accounting to the purchasing clerk, caring for them and issuing them upon proper requisitions, is the same as in accounting for stock and supplies.