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A Practical Treatise On Friction, Lubrication, Fats And Oils | by Emil F. Dieterichs



A practical treatise on friction, lubrication, fats and oils, including the manufacture of lubricating oils, leather oils, paint oils, solid lubricants and greases, together with numerous formulas; modes of testing oils, and the application of lubricants.

TitleA Practical Treatise On Friction, Lubrication, Fats And Oils
AuthorEmil F. Dieterichs
PublisherHenry Carey Baird & Co.
Year1916
Copyright1916, Emil F. Dieterichs
AmazonA practical treatise on friction, lubrication, fats and oils
A Practical Treatise On Friction, Lubrication, Fats And Oils

By Emil F. Dieterichs, Member Of The Franklin Institute, Philadelphia, Member Of The National Association Of Stationary Engineers, And Inventor Of The Dieterichs "Valve-Oleum" Lubricating Oils.

Second Edition, Thoroughly Revised And Enlarged.

Philadelphia:

Henry Carey Baird & Co., Industrial Publishers, Booksellers And Importers, 810 Wainut Street.

-Preface To The Second Edition
The exhaustion within a comparatively short time of the first edition of A Practical Treatise on Friction, Lubrication, Fats and Oils and the constant demand for it, are the best evidence that it h...
-Preface To The First Edition
From observation during a period of nearly fifty years as a practical Chemist and Manufacturer of Chemical Products and all kinds of Oils, and my close connection with Engineers and Manufacturers, and...
-I. Friction
The force which is felt to resist the motion when one body rubs against another while in motion is called friction. Of all mechanical power used, a large amount is spent or lost to overcome the obstru...
-II. Lubrication
To overcome friction and put its resisting power to as low a point as possible, we use lubricants that can absorb the frictional heat and, becoming vaporized by it, will carry the heat into space. ...
-III. Oils And Fats
The next question arises: What are oils and what is fatty matter? What are the characteristics, and from what sources of nature do they come, and how are they obtained? Oils are liquid and semi-sol...
-IV. Oils And Fats Of Animal And Vegetable. Origin, Their Characteristics And How They Are Obtained
Lard And Lard Oil Lard is the prepared fat of the hog. The fat freed from membranous matter is cut up into small pieces and boiled with water. It is then carefully separated from the water and melt...
-Spermaceti And Fish Oils
Spermaceti The cavities in the upper part of the head of the sperm whale contain an oily liquid, which, after the death of the animal, concretes into a white, spongy mass, consisting of spermaceti ...
-Whale and Train Oils
These include cod-liver oil, tanner's cod oil from different fish, menhaden oil, porpoise oil, shark oil and whale oil. The whale and train oils are obtained from the blubber of various species of ...
-Whale and Train Oils. Part 2
Sesame Or Gingelly Oil Obtained from the seeds of Sesamum Jndicum of India and from the seeds of the plant cultivated in southern Europe and the Orient. The seeds furnish from 40 to 50 per cent ...
-Whale and Train Oils. Part 3
Peanut Oil Peanut oil is obtained from the kernels of the peanut. They yield by pressure from thirty to forty per cent of an oil of a light yellowish, almost white, color, and of an agreeable, part...
-Whale and Train Oils. Part 4
Transparent Soft Soap In The Semi-Warm Way Bring into the kettle 100 parts linseed oil or 60 parts linseed oil and 40 parts cotton oil, together with 10 parts rosin, and heat. When the rosin is mel...
-V. Clarifying, Refining And Bleaching Oils And Fats
The clarifying and bleaching process must necessarily vary, as some oils may be more or less colored or mixed with impurities than others. The animal oils and fats require bleaching or clarifying only...
-VI. Mineral Oils
These oils are obtained by distillation from Scotch shale, a black, somewhat flaky mass of homogeneous structure, with an irregular, glossy surface. It is usually soft enough to be cut, and when ignit...
-Tar Oils
Tar oils are obtained from tar, being the result of the destructive distillation of wood and bituminous coal. Wood is distilled in iron retorts and in covered heaps or pits to obtain thereby the re...
-VII. Petroleum Oils
Wherever and however nature carries on its mysterious process of producing the various grades of petroleum found all over the globe, the lighter and the heavier grades, the brighter and the darker col...
-Distillation of Petroleum
When crude petroleum is subjected to distillation and the uncondensable gases and moisture have gone over, a series of light hydrocarbon compounds known as benzine are first obtained, about 15 per c...
-VIII. Manufacture Of Lubricating Oils
The manufacture or compounding of lubricants is manifold. For cylinder oils, mineral or petroleum oils of a specific gravity of about 27 Baume and a fire test of about 550 F., either alone o...
-IX. "Valve-Oleum" Oils
The fatty oils and fats are composed of either oleic, margaric or palmitic and stearic acids, which, when treated with caustic soda, form compounds soluble in water. Precipitated with mineral salts, s...
-IX. "Valve-Oleum" Oils. Continued
For Valve-Oleum cylinder oil, a barrel of cylinder stock and from 40 to 50 gallons of degras are used at the boiling with the compound, if the cylinder stock to be used is of a reasonable cold test,...
-X. Leather Oils
Leather belts, harness, boot and shoe leather require as much attention in regard to lubrication as does machinery. Hides, when deprived of their natural lubricating moisture, become dry and easily br...
-XI. Adulterations Of Fatty Oils
When the market price of lard oil is high and that of cottonseed oil is low, the former is often adulterated with the latter. It is also adulterated with petroleum oils, especially prepared for that p...
-XII. Testing Oils
Alkali tests are made to ascertain first if an oil is a pure fatty oil, or a hydrocarbon oil, or a mixture of both. A solution of caustic soda or potash of a specific gravity of 1.340 is prepared and ...
-XII. Testing Oils. Continued
The intermixing of fatty oils for purposes of adulteration, when the one oil can be bought in the market at lower price than the other, is not very detrimental in their use for manufacturing purposes,...
-XIII. Solid Lubricants. Greases
Solid lubricants consist principally of filtered stock or vaseline, and they are fed to the bearings through cups especially devised for that purpose, and furnished with screw pressure, or provided wi...
-Manufacture of Greases
Most greases for lubricating are made in the following manner: Common red rosin oil, say five hundred pounds, is heated for about one hour with about two pounds of calcium hydrate. It is then allowed ...
-XIV. Some Practical Suggestions
When a cylinder becomes partly worn, or ridges and scars are cut on its bright surfaces, or a partial wearing of the piston rod takes place, it is absurd to lay such results to the oil. Oil cannot cut...
-XV. Lubricators And Cups
The many contrivances commonly called lubricators, by which lubricants are applied to machinery, are often much trouble to engineers, as the adoption of these contrivances is, with many, as much a c...
-XVI. Specific Gravity
Weight is the measure of gravity. The specific gravity of any body is the proportion which the weight of a certain amount of that body bears to the same amount of another body which is taken as standa...
-XVII. Review Of The Petroleum Oil Industry To 1915
Looking over the history of the petroleum industry during the last decade there appears little to be recorded as new. The text books on the subject consist of products of compilations of facts long kn...
-Catalogue Of Practical and Scientific Books Published By Henry Carey Baird & Co
Industrial Publishers, Booksellers And Importers 810 Walnut Street, Philadelphia. Any ot the Books comprised in this Catalogue will be sent by mail, free of postage, to any address in the world,...
-Catalogue Of Practical and Scientific Books. Part 2
Blinn A Practical Workshop Companion for Tin, Sheet-Iron, and Copper-plate Workers: Containing Rules for describing various kinds of Patterns used by Tin, Sheet-Iron and Copper-plate Workers; Pr...
-Catalogue Of Practical and Scientific Books. Part 3
Brannt Varnishes, Lacquers, Printing Inks and Sealing Waxes: Their Raw Materials and their Manufacture, to which is added the Art of Varnishing and Lacquering, including the Preparation of Putti...
-Catalogue Of Practical and Scientific Books. Part 4
Davies A Treatise on Metalliferous Minerals and Mining: By D. C. Davies, F. G. S., Mining Engineer, Examiner of Mines, Quarries and Collieries. Illustrated by 148 engravings of Geological Format...
-Catalogue Of Practical and Scientific Books. Part 5
For Engineers and Firemen (Land and Marine) who desire to obtain a United States Government or State License. Pocket-book form, gilt edge.........................$1.50 Edwards The American Steam...
-Catalogue Of Practical and Scientific Books. Part 6
Haserick The Secrets of the Art of Dyeing Wool, Cotton and Linen: Including Bleaching and Coloring Wool and Cotton Hosiery and Random Yarns. A Treatise based on Economy and Practice By E. C. Has...
-Catalogue Of Practical and Scientific Books. Part 7
Leslie Complete Cookery: Directions for Cookery in its Various Branches. By Miss Leslie. Sixtieth thousand. Thoroughly revised, with the additions of New Receipts. 12mo...................$1.00 ...
-Catalogue Of Practical and Scientific Books. Part 8
Painter, Gilder, And Varnishers Companion: Comprising the Manufacture and Test of Pigments, the Arts of Painting, Graining, Marbling, Staining, Sign-writing, Varnishing, Glass-staining, and Gilding...
-Catalogue Of Practical and Scientific Books. Part 9
Engineer's Handy Book: Containing Facts, Formulae, Tables and Questions on Power, its Generation, Transmission and Measurement; Heat, Fuel, and Steam; The Steam Boiler and Accessories; Steam Engine...
-Catalogue Of Practical and Scientific Books. Part 10
Sloan Homestead Architecture: Containing Forty Designs for Villas, Cottages, and Farmhouses, with Essays on Style, Construction, Landscape Gardening, Furniture, etc., etc. Illustrated by upwards...
-Catalogue Of Practical and Scientific Books. Part 11
Ville The School of Chemical Manures: Or, Elementary Principles in the Use of Fertilizing Agents From the French of M. Geo. Ville, by A. A. Fesquet, Chemist and Engineer. With Illustrations. 12m...
-Catalogue Of Practical and Scientific Books. Part 12
Worssam - On Mechanical Saws: From the Transaction of the Society of Engineers, 1869. By S. W. Worssam, Jr. Illustrated by Eighteen large Plates. 8vo...................................................









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