No. 1. With Casing. No. 2. With Band.

Materials For Practice

Gingham or Muslin (1)

7x8 In. Cotton, No. 60-100. Needle, No. 9-11. 16x1 In.

Gingham or Muslin Gingham or Muslin (2) Gingham or Muslin

7x8 In.

6 1/2 x l In. 6 x 1 3/4 In. (2 pieces.)

A very simple apron can be made by taking gingham or muslin 7x8 inches. A narrow hem can be made on each side along the 7-inch side of the material. An inch hem can be turned up at the bottom. In place of putting on a band a 1/2 inch hem can be turned down at the top to form a casing. A tape (16 inches long) can be used or a strip of the same material can have a narrow hem on each long side and a 1/4 inch hem across each end and be slipped through the casing to draw the fullness together around the waist. Hemming alone is required in this practice piece.

If an apron on a band is desired a piece of gingham 7x8 inches can be hemmed on each 7-inch side and at the bottom as above. The top can be gathered and stroked (see Gathering and Stroking) and the band put on by stitching or setting-in gathers (see Putting on a Band). The apron may be drawn in to four inches at the top. The belt will thus extend one inch beyond the apron on each side and these sides of the belt can be overhanded together to the ends. Two strips, 6x1 1/4 inches, can be finished for strings by placing narrow hems along each side and a deeper hem at the bottom. These strings can be gathered at the unhemmed ends and joined to the end of the belt by stitching, or setting-in gathers.

Other kinds of aprons with bibs, straps and pockets should be discussed by the classes. Aprons are frequently indicative of certain tasks, viz., nurses, waitresses, butchers, cooks and blacksmiths. This subject may be made interesting to a class.

If a full sized apron extending well to the back is to be made, some of the material must be cut away from the center of the front before the gathering thread is put in, or it will bulge just below the band. About one inch in the center of the front may be sloped to nothing at each side.

The following articles also are described in the Sewing Course:

Petticoats (small size). See No. 19.

Travelling Case. See No. 43,

Trunk Tray-cover. See No. 43.

Hemstitched Handkerchiefs (small size). See No. 46.

Apron of Fine Muslin. See No. 48.

Additional suggestions of articles applying useful stitches:

Sheets (all hemming); pillow-cases (overhanding or the fell, overcasting, hemming); table linen (napery stitch, and marking by (1) linen embroidery, (2) cross stitch or (3) chain stitch); bags (hemming, overhanding, overcasting, fancy stitches, binding with braid and buttonhole stitch or eyelet); work-bag with divisions; shoe bag; school bag; laundry bag; clothes-pin bag; clothes bag; and collar and cuff bag with stiff bottom. There are an endless number of things which may apply the plain stitches, the fancy stitches or the constructive principles. These can be chosen according to the needs of the classes. The following useful exercises are all being used in the schools: Fittings for the work-basket or work-bag, such as needlecases, emery holders, scissor shields, thimble cases and pin-cushions; furnishing for doll's houses, such as muslin curtains, portieres, cushion, couch, bureau, and stand covers; cases, such as travelling, pin, toilet, jewelry, handkerchief and card cases; articles for the school, such as class and national flags, badges, costumes for dramatic work, curtains for book-cases, bags for gymnasium shoes, towels, aprons, caps and sleeves for cooking; work aprons for woodwork, historic dress in large or small size; articles for the home, such as the pads for bureau drawers, pin-cushions, whiskbroom holders, waste basket of pasteboard and denim, bureau scarfs and sofa pillows; the use of decorative stitches in book-covers, portfolios, corners of writing pads, note-books for sewing, hemstitched, embroidered or marked towels, napkins, doilies, table runners and squares, collars and cuffs, trimmings for cotton or woolen gowns and for linen shirtwaists, lingerie hats, neckties and belts; underclothing, simple or elaborate, such as the single piece underwaist or nightgown; children's clothing, such as sunbonnet, caps, guimpes, or simple one-piece aprons or dresses.

Underclothing and outer clothing for dolls offer excellent work in the fifth or even the sixth grade. Through the numerous articles which can be made, all the stitches already learned can be utilized and new principles such as plackets, putting on bands, sewing on tape, tucking, fancy stitches and embroidery can be added. If bought patterns are used at first they should soon give way to patterns made by the children. (See Drafting.)