Materials For Practice

Damask, 4x4 Inches or Any Desired Size.

l x l Inch or depending on the size of the hole.

Flourishing Thread, No. 1000. Ravelings of Damask (warp.)

Needle, No. 10. Fine Darning.

Application

On napkins, doilies and covers brought from home. Use. - Repairing tablecloths, napkins and household linen, especially in fine closely woven damask.

Varieties

Damask patching should be as neat and invisible as possible on both sides of the material. The overhanded and felled patch (see Rule for Hemmed Patch) is frequently used, but shows too much for fine damask. The wrong side of an overhanded patch (see directions) is unsightly and therefore not fitted for table covers or napkins. When the hole in fine damask is not too large the pattern may be darned in. (See Weaving and Darning.) When a slit has been made in it the wrong side may be held together by overcasting, pressed open, and ravelings of the damask may be woven back and forth over the place on the right side, repeating the pattern as far as possible. After washing and careful pressing, this repair should show very little. When there is a good-sized hole in fine damask, a strong and neat patch may be inserted by fine drawing. (Fig. 36.) The stitch may be used alone or combined with darning.

Fig. 36.   Fine Drawing.

Fig. 36. - Fine-Drawing.

Fig. 37.   Darning by Fine Drawing.

Fig. 37. - Darning by Fine Drawing.

Rule For Patching By Fine-Drawing

The damask should be as soft as possible; it is therefore well to wash new or stiff material. Cut away the worn parts. The usual shape is square or oblong. Cut the patch exactly the size of the hole, being careful to match the pattern, right side of damask, etc. (See General Rules.) Place the patch in the hole. If the damask is fine in quality and woven very close, fine-drawing alone may be used to hold the patch to the material. It is a simple, alternating stitch (Figs. 36 and 37) made toward the worker or away from her as in herring-bone. It is used frequently to hold together heavy cloth or selvages (see Suggestion for Seams). The stitches are usually made a little distance apart and slanting like a lacing (Fig. 36), but may be made close together and straight (Fig. 37).

In cheaper qualities of damask, fine-drawing should be combined with darning for holding together the patch and the material. The darning should begin beyond the hole and the stitches and the loops where the thread turns back should be buried in the material as much as possible. When the darning stitches are within a few threads of the hole, fine-drawing should be taken over the edge on one side and under the edge, the same distance, on the other, continuing the darning in the damask on the other side. The darning stitches should end as irregularly as possible. The fine-drawing must be directly along warp and woof, to show as little as possible (Fig. 37) and it must alternate in succeeding lines. The corners should be made secure by crossing the warp and woof darning at these points. If carefully done this darn should show little when the damask has been laundered. It is not as strong as the overhanded and felled patch (see Rule for Hemmed Patch), but is more satisfactory in appearance for fine damask. A fine darning needle is sometimes used in place of a sharp needle in this patch. Fine-drawing is also used for cloth patches.

Practice

Take a piece of damask 4x4 inches, cut a hole in the center. Cut a patch the same size and darn it in by fine-drawing alone or by fine-drawing and darning, according to the quality of the damask.

Suggestion

See under Patching, page 92.