Muslin, 3x2 1/2 Inches. Tape (1/2 Inch wide,)
Cotton, No. 70.
Needle, No. 9,
Un towels, dusters and skirts.
To fasten tape securely so it may serve for strings for underclothing, aprons and other garments, or for loops to hang up clothing and household articles. It is also used to strengthen the edges of material. (See Placket No. 3.)
The free ends of the tape intended for strings must always be finished neatly or they will fray. They may be folded down and hemmed or turned into a point and overhanded or hemmed. The end to be fastened down is usually placed on the wrong side of the garment. If there is a hem on the article a short distance from the edge, the end of the tape may be turned in, laid against the hem and hemmed down on three sides. (Fig. 30.) At the edge of the garment it may be overhanded or stitched. In place of the hemming for holding down the tape the stitching stitch may be used. It must always be perfect on the right side of the garment. To do this the tape must be laid flat on the wrong side of the article with its raw edge toward the end. The stitching is done on the right side through the tape. The tape may then be turned back so it will cover the stitches. The sides may be hemmed and the edge of the article overhanded or stitched to the tape. When loops are to be placed on towels or dusters, the center of the piece of tape is turned diagonally back on itself and forms a point. (Fig. 30.) The ends of the tape are laid side by side on the wrong side of the material and hemmed or stitched down as described above. The edge of the material is stitched or overhanded to the loop. Where the two pieces of tape join, they may be hemmed together or held down with cross stitches.
Take a piece of muslin 3 x 2 1/2 inches, turn and base a 1/4-inch hem on one long side. A loop and a string of tape are to be sewed to this hem. Take five inches of tape for a loop and fold it diagonally in the middle according to the direction above. (Fig. 30.) Turn in the raw edges and 1/2 an inch from one side of the muslin, lay the ends of the tape side by side with their folds on the hem of the muslin. Hem the muslin across neatly and strongly, being careful to hold the tape down with the hemming stitches. Hem each side of the tape to the muslin and the two pieces of tape together. At the edge of the muslin overhand the tape to the hem. Take the 3-inch piece of tape for a string. Lay one end on the wrong side of the hem (1/2 inch from the loop) with its raw edge toward the end. Stitch it down closely just where the hemming is and make the stitching perfect on the right side. Turn back the tape so it covers the stitches and after hemming each side, stitch the tape to the muslin on the right side near the edge of the fold. Fold the raw edge of the tape into a point by turning the width of the tape diagonally into a true bias and this again into a triangle, and overhand it across the bottom of the triangle and along the one side.
Fig. 30.-Loop of Tape.
In dressmaking, the loops or hangers on a skirt are usually laid flat on the under side of the belt and sewed strongly to the belt near the side seams, or one loop may be placed in the middle of the back. They are cut about four or five inches long, which allows for the turning in at each end. They are hemmed or stitched into place. In waists, hangers are usually placed in the seams of the sleeves; they may lie flat as in the skirt, but usually the tape is doubled diagonally and the ends are placed exactly together. They may be stitched in with the sleeve or strongly overhanded to the seam. For hangers for coats the flat loop and the diagonal sleeve loop are both used.
Tape is also used to strengthen the sides of an opening by having it ex-tend up both sides after being folded in the center diagonally as a loop is made and laid flat below the opening.
In children's work strings of tape may take the place of buttonholes in dolls' petticoats. Little towels or dusters with loops of tape may be made to apply various stitches.