It is well for children to hemstitch the center of a handkerchief before the corners, as the latter are more difficult. Careful basting makes the work easier.
Nainsook, 1x13 Inch.
Cotton, No. 100.
Needle, No. 11.
Aprons, underclothing and baby clothing.
For gathering muslin, gauze, lace, net and other soft materials.
The raw edge of the material is rolled under and gathered at the same time. The stitch is particularly adapted to small ruffles of nainsook, cambric and other sheer muslins.
Fine material is more easily whipped than coarse. The ruffles should be cut from selvage to selvage as the warp threads can be rolled more easily than the woof. The material should be cut to a thread. It may be torn into lengths and cut carefully afterwards. The strip for the ruffle is held with the wrong side toward the worker and the thumb and first finger of the left hand are used to turn the raw edge into a tiny roll. It is turned toward the worker. The thread is fastened in the end of the roll and three fine hemming stitches hold it in place. The whipping is begun by inserting the needle at the back of the roll in a slanting direction like an overcasting stitch and bringing the needle out (toward the worker) just under the roll. (Fig. 45.) The roll must never be caught with the stitch or the ruffle will not draw up well. The stitches must be very regular and not too close together. After an inch or so is whipped, gather up the ruffle on the thread and continue the rolling and whipping. The stitch is sometimes made by inserting the needle first at the front of the roll instead of at the back.
It is better to use fine strong thread and not to take it too long, as the whipping thread is apt to break. The ruffle is usually cut twice or a little more than twice the length of the band. In sewing a whipped ruffle to a band, both ruffle and band should be divided into halves and quarters and matched the one to the other. Either the band or the ruffle may be held toward the worker. In the latter case, however, it is easier to regulate the ruffle. The overhand stitch is used to sew the ruffle to the band. The stitch must be taken so that the thread will fall into the notches between the whipping stitches.
Take 1x13 inches of nainsook. Roll and whip the edge according to the rule. If the ruffle is to be put to use, the hems should be put in before the whipping is done. This ruffle may be overhanded to the bottom of the apron described below.
The whipped hem is less used than formerly. It is, however, an economical as well as strong way of neatly trimming underclothing. From 1/4 to 3/4 of a yard of nainsook will trim a night-gown.
Fig. 45.-Whipped Hem.
Embroidered edgings of various kinds can be whipped and used on different pieces of small underclothing to give practical application to the classes. Little pillowcases or aprons can also be made and trimmed with whipped hem ruffles.