Penelope Canvas or Scrim, 5x5 Inches
Colored Wool (Crewel or Saxony.) Colored Silk EE.
The form is attractive and the work is rapidly executed and sufficiently enduring for the purpose.
The stitch is double and consists of two slanting parts crossing each other on the right side of the material, and of two straight lines, which may be either vertical or horizontal, on the wrong side of the material. The points of the cross on the right side should, if enclosed, form a perfect square. In canvas the stitch is usually two threads high and two threads wide. (Fig. 46.) The needle is brought out on one side and put through to the other diagonally-this forms one half of the stitch. It is now crossed in the opposite way. In a design the crossing must all be in the same direction and the wrong side must be neat. It is better to leave an end of thread to be worked over by the stitches than to begin with a knot. The fastening off can be done in the same manner. In marking, each cross stitch should be finished separately and the thread should not be carried from one letter to another.
It is well to practice on canvas before marking linen. Designs for the letters can be purchased or they may be originated by the worker. A piece of fine canvas or of coarse scrim can be basted to the linen over the place where the letters are to go. The cross stitches can be made on this canvas to keep the form accurate and when the letters are finished the threads of the canvas can be pulled out, leaving the design on the linen.
Take a piece of Penelope canvas or of scrim 5x5 inches. Turn a 1/4 inch hem on all four sides and hold it down with the cross stitching, alternating two cross stitches above and two below to make an ornamental finish on the edge. Care must be taken to adjust the stitches neatly at the corners; an extra stitch can often be taken here with good effect. On the inside of the square place the initials of the name and the year or other letters and figures may be made in cross stitches.
It is unnecessary for anyone to make the entire alphabet on the canvas as designs can be easily procured and the work is not difficult. This stitch is an excellent one for children in early grades to use on burlap. It allows of so much variation that they can easily invent designs of their own. It can be used to hold down the hems in cheese cloth dusters. In later grades it may be used for marking little sheets, pillow cases and towels. Care must be taken to choose a cotton thread for marking which will stand laundering.
Fig. 46.-Cross Stitch.
In dressmaking the cross stitch is used to make the inside of a waist attractive and, at the same time, to hold the belt to the seams. The stitch is made in silk of a color to match the silk seam binding, the overcasting, or the fans of stitches on the bone casings.