Flannel, 5x5 Inches. (A scalloped edge stamped on two sides and some simple designs in the center.)
Silk, No. B-E.
Wool or D. M. C. No. 16.
Needle, No. 6-8. Tapestry Needle.
On a small flannel petticoat or baby sack. Use. - A scalloped border of blanket stitches is used to finish the raw edges of many articles of flannel. It gives both beauty and durability to the raw edge and takes the place of a hem in heavy material which is too thick to fold well. Small geometrical or flower designs are embroidered on infants' sacks and petticoats for the purpose of decoration.
Scallops in Flannel are made with the blanket stitch (Fig. 23). The outer edge should be firm and substantial (see Blanket Stitch.) A padding of wool or cotton may be made before the blanket stitch is used. Wool is well adapted to the flannel, as it shrinks in laundering. An irregular running stitch, leaving most of the wool on the surface, is good for this purpose. The outline of the scallop and the space between may be filled according to the raised effect desired. The stamped form of the scallop must be carefully preserved. Very few filling stitches should meet where the design is narrow. A heavy silk such as No. E or No. EE is used for the edge.
Designs on Flannel are principally worked with the satin stitch. It is seldom necessary to pad. Stems and outlines are made with the Kensington outline stitch instead of with the satin stitch as on linen. Small flowers and leaves may be merely outlined or the satin stitch may be used to cover the entire surface. In designs like the daisy form the satin stitch may begin at the center of each petal and be worked toward the edge, or a radiating stitch from the center out may be used. French knots are frequently used in flannel for one side of a leaf or flower, or for the centers of flowers.
Kensington Outline Stitch. The outline stitch follows a traced line and is made away from the worker (Fig. 48). The needle is brought out at the end of the stem or line, a long stitch is taken ahead on this line and a short stitch back through the material. The stitch back may be made either to the right or to the left. The length of the stitch may vary according to the requirements of the design. The stitch resembles the backstitch turned wrong side out, i. e., the rope-like effect is on the right side of the material and the little stitches with a space between are on the wrong side. Where a very substantial stem is needed the outline stitches can be made very close together. The work is held over the first or first two fingers of the left hand.
The French Knot. These are made in various ways. One way in general use is to fasten the thread well and bring the needle out in the spot where the French knot is to be. Put the needle down to this place, wrap the thread two or three times around the needle, draw it so that the twisted thread is around the needle close to the spot intended for it, insert the point of the needle in the material at this same place, and holding the thread tight, fasten the knot down to the material by drawing the needle and the length of the thread through to the wrong side.
Fig. 48. - Outline Stitch,
Have a piece of white flannel 5x5 inches stamped near the raw edges with a plain scallop on one side and a triple or fancy scallop on the other. In the plain space between have a few simple sprigs stamped (such as conventional leaves and flowers). Use the blanket-stitch for the scallops; the satin stitch for the leaves and flowers; a close outline stitch for the stems, and the French knot for the centers of flowers or for one half of some of the leaves. A number of French knots may be made close together to cover a surface.
If the practice piece is to be retained, cut the flannel close to the scallop on one side to show the completed effect and leave the flannel below the scallops on the other side to show the way the work has been done. In making garments the flannel should be washed to allow for the shrinking before the material below the scallop is cut away.
Some article such as a small flannel skirt should be made by the pupils. In place of having the flannel stamped in scallops a five or ten cent piece may be laid on the flannel and half circles drawn regularly across the sides. These may again be joined by a smaller inner circle. Designs for the edge may be drawn by the children. The drawing teachers in schools should prepare the classes for adequate designing for the decoration of their clothing. Very attractive yet simple designs may be made and directly utilized on garments. Linen book covers and portfolios may be designed and embroidered in the same way that flannel would be.