Materials For Practice

Bleached or Unbleached Muslin,

4x2 1/2 Inches (2 pieces).

Colored Cotton, No 66.

Needle, No. 9.

Application

See Nos. 9, 10, 13, 20, 21 and 22.

Use

For seams and other purposes where some strength is required.

Fitness

It is rapidly accomplished, and fills a place between the weakness of the running stitch and the strength of the stitching and backstitching.

Rule

The work is done from right to left. It is held as in the stitching stitch. There are various forms of it. The number of running stitches between the stitching or backstitching may vary at will, according to the strength required. There are two forms of it which are especially useful.

No. 1. This form of the stitch is two running stitches and one backstitch (see Fig. 10). It has the effect of a line of running stitches, on the side toward the worker, and makes an attractive finish. It is used for seams. Begin with a small knot, or fastened in the seam. Take two or more running stitches, which can be counted on the side toward the worker, and then twice the length of one of the running stitches on the needle, and a backstitch will cover half the space. Pass needle forward under the backstitch and ahead the length of one running stitch, and bring the needle to the right side again to begin a new running stitch.

No. 2. This form of the stitch has two running stitches and one stitching stitch. It is desirable in the fell to have the wrong side of the stitch attractive, as it is that part which shows on the completion of the work. Care is needed in the fastening of the thread at the beginning. Take a careful double stitch on the side on which the work is done, or fasten with a small knot between the raw edges of the seam. Take two running stitches, and bring the needle to the right side as if for a third; instead of continuing, take a stitch back to the previous running stitch, and bring it forward on the wrong side across the last running stitch, and then to the right side in the same place the former stitch came through. This will make one stitch over the other on the wrong side, Fig. 11, b, but the effect is the running stitch. Three stitches meet on the right side, Fig. 11, a.

There is another form of stitch frequently used. Take several running stitches and a stitching stitch which will meet the last running stitch. Pass the needle behind the stitching stitch and ahead the length of a running stitch, and bring it to the right side for the running stitch again. This form is not as neat in appearance as the others.

Practice

Take two pieces of bleached or unbleached muslin, 4x2 1/2 inches, baste them carefully together into a seam 1/4 of an inch from the raw edges. Make a line of backstitching (form No. 1) one-half way across, directly above or below the basting line. Continue the remainder of the seam with form No. 2. Practice probably will not be needed on the third variety of the stitch. The French seam is often made with No. 1 and the fell with No. 2.

Fig. 10.   Running and Backstitching. First variety,A right side; b, wrong side.

Fig. 10. - Running and Backstitching. First variety,A right side; b, wrong side.

Fig. 11.   Running and Backstitching, Second variety, a right side; B Wrong Side.

Fig. 11. - Running and Backstitching, Second variety, a right side; B Wrong Side.