The Persians use inlay more often than actual applique. Sir R. Murdock Smith, in his South Kensington Handbook on Persian Art, says, "A peculiar kind of embroidery and patch-work combined is largely made at Resht (see Plate No. 13), and to some extent in Ispahan, at the present day. It consists of patchwork of minute pieces of broad-cloth of different colours, the seams and some other portions of which are then covered with needlework also variously coloured, the whole forming a combination of geometric and floral ornament. The colours being of the brightest, the general effect is, perhaps, somewhat gaudy. These "Gul-Duzi-i-Resht," as they are called, are mostly used by the Persians for saddle-cloths and showy horse-clothing, for which they are not inappropriate. They also serve for Sarandaz and Kenarch covers, and nowadays for tables, sofa, and chair covers, where intercourse with Europeans has introduced such articles of furniture."
The effects produced by the applique and inlay methods are very similar. In inlay the applied material is laid into the foundation stuff, which is cut away to receive the pieces of coloured material used to make the pattern. The stuffs are fitted together - the pattern into the foundation - and made secure by an overcast stitch round the edge of each form; this edge is then finished by chain stitch, or a cord or strands of silk couched - in fact, by any similar outlines to those employed in applique work. It is usual, first, to stretch a piece of holland in an embroidery frame to serve as a temporary backing. Then the materials are cut - closely textured materials are necessary for this process, a loosely woven stuff is liable to fray- - and tacked in positon on the hol-land; then the overcasting of the edge commenced. The backing should be removed when the work is finished, or it can be allowed to remain, if needed, for strengthening the work.
Thin ornamental forms are not suitable for inlay; stems and connecting lines must be embroidered. In the Resht example referred to, the light lines are rendered by rows of chain stitch.