The transferring of designs on to the material is at no time a very easy occupation, and is certainly one which most people prefer to have done for them. However, it is necessary; and it should be done by the designer or embroiderer. There are several methods. First, there is the old and much-used pouncing method. Trace the design on a fairly tough piece of tracing-paper, place the tracing on a fold of flannel; with a needle prick out all the lines, making as many as eighteen or twenty holes to each inch. If the two halves of the design are exactly alike, fold it down the centre, and so prick both at once. Then place this pricked tracing on the material you are to embroider, roll a long strip of flannel, about 4 inches wide, very tightly into a solid cylindrical shape, to use as a pouncer. If the material is light in colour, use finely powdered charcoal ; if dark, use fine French chalk, and with the roll of flannel rub the powder through the small holes. Then remove the tracing very carefully so as not to smudge the powder, and with a fine brush draw in the lines made by the powder, using Chinese white, with a little gum arabic to make it stick, and a little ox-gall to make it run smoothly. If black is required, use lamp-black or Indian ink; sometimes flake white or ivory black (oil colours) are used, thinned with a little turpentine.
Another method is that with tarlatan. Trace the design accurately on to rather fine tarlatan. Then pin it out tightly and evenly on the material you are to embroider, and go over the lines with a drawing-pen or a brush, with Indian ink or Chinese white. This method is not difficult, but requires infinite care. See the tarlatan does not slip out of its proper place.
The third plan is to put transfer paper under your design, on a firm, hard surface, and with a knitting-needle, agate, or steel tracer, go over the lines very evenly.