Holders are used in every food class. There should be at least two sets for each student: A set consists of two. A holder may be made of three thicknesses of outing flannel or of any remnants which may be on hand. Very often the holder is slipped into a cover. (See Figs. 3 and 4.)

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Fig. 3. - Holder

Required Material

Three thicknesses of material, 5 3/4" square, No. 70 white thread for machine stitching, 1 spool of coarse soft crochet cotton, No. 6 crewel needle, a piece of muslin 13" by 6" for the cover, 3/4 of a yard of tape, or instead of the tape a strip of cloth 1 1/2" wide and 3/4 yard long. The holder is a short problem and affords the teacher a good opportunity for testing the skill of new students. It may serve as a first problem for machine stitching. The short raw edges afford a good opportunity for a review of the blanket stitch and the buttonhole stitch.

Making the Holder

1.  Cut 3 or 4 pieces of material 5 3/4" by 5 1/2" for each holder.

2.  Baste or pin these together carefully.

3.  Stitch 2 or 3 rows evenly all around the 4 sides about 1/4" apart. Be careful to make good square corners and to have a perfect tension.

4.  Finish two of the raw edges with a buttonhole stitch.

5. Finish the other two edges with a blanket stitch. Use coarse soft crochet or embroidery cotton. The stitches may be 1/8" apart and 3/16" deep.

Cover Cut a piece of muslin 13" long and 6" wide.

Making the Cover

1.  On each short end, crease a 1/4" hem firmly and stitch it by machine.

2.  Fold the holder crosswise through the center and mark this center well with a crease.

3.  From each side of the center, measure over 5 3/4" and mark this point with a pin.

4.  Unfold the holder and place each marked end directly over the line which marks the middle of the holder. The hems will slightly overlap. (See Fig. 4 II.)

5.  Cut a piece of tape 1/2" or 3/4" wide and 27" long and stitch this securely to one corner of the holder. If tape cannot be obtained readily, it may be made out of strips of cloth. The tape may be made of double material or a small hem may be made on each side. (Fig. 4 III.)

6.  Stitch the holder together with a plain seam 1/8" below each cut edge.

7.  Open each seam by pressing it between the thumb and the forefinger.

8.  Turn the cover inside out. Pull out each corner with a pin. Crease the seams very flat.

9.  Press the cover and the holder.

10. Make in the end of the tape a buttonhole

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Fig. 4. - Method of Cutting Holder and CoveR

I, Cover cut; II, wrong side of folded cover; III, right side of folded cover; IV, holder to fit the button which is sewed on the band of the cooking apron.

Teacher's Directions To Pupil

1.  Cut the material.

2.  Fold the hem.

3.  Stitch the hem.

4.  Fold the cover to make a square with the flaps inside.

5.  Make the tape.

6.  Sew on the tape.

7.  Stitch the raw edge.

8.  Open the seam.

9.  Turn inside out.

10.  Crease and press.

11.  Make a buttonhole in the end of the tape.

Questions

1.  What are holders used for?

2.  Why do we make covers for the holders?

3.  What material may be used for the holders?

4.  What material may be used for the covers?

5.  What stitches do you use around the edges of the holders?

6.  Name some other places where these stitches are used?

7.  What seams do you use in the covers ?

8.  Enumerate the steps you have taken to make the covers.