This section is from the "Hand Sewing Lessons" book, by Sarah Ewell Krolik. Also available from Amazon: Hand Sewing Lessons: A Graded Course For Schools And For The Home.
Cotton, 5 inches square.
Fold and cut the square as directed in Model 10 (Backstitching, Half-Backstitching, And Felling). Join a bias to a straight edge, lay the narrow ends together, hold the bias edge toward you, join with two running stitches and a half-backstitch in white thread, trim the edges, turn, and sew with the same stitch in red thread.
Illustration 15. Represents Model 11 (A French Seam).
Illustration 16. Hemming gathers on a band. Illustration 17. The wrong side of gauging partly attached to a band.
Use No. 60 thread and No. 8 needle.