Paper patterns of the models are cut by the pupils, and the edges are turned and folded as directed. Bias folds are cut from newspapers or striped paper. Calico, gingham, and colored paper are used for the first practice in cutting. The narrow blade of the shears is held below the material to be cut. A pupil is taught to hold the point toward herself when passing a needle, knife, or shears to others. The models are drawn on the board, and explained by the teacher before they are made, and by the pupil afterward. The calico, gingham, and cotton used are of medium quality. Make patterns of firm gingham, or use the first model cut, to secure exactness. It should be marked for that purpose.

The models are carefully cut by the teacher, or by advanced pupils under her supervision. Strips for the models are torn length-wise. Remove the selvedge, measure carefully, allow for threads that will ravel, cut 1/2 inch slash by the thread, and tear off a strip. When the models are used for practice, they are cut at a garment factory. In this course, the stitches are practiced on simple articles for use until the desired standard is reached. When the models are made, paste or pin them in a book, and write above each its number and the page that explains it. Use the right hand pages of the Manila leaves for the models, and the left for best practice work. Place samples of the material used on the first page.