Basting is a preparation for sewing, and is intended to keep the material in place while the sewing is being done.

In even basting, the stitches and spaces are the same length: It is sometimes called equal basting.

In uneven basting, the stitches are longer than the spaces.

In basting two pieces together, keep the materials, if they are large, flat on the table; if they are small, baste over two fingers.

Before sewing on trimmings, baste them in place very carefully so that there will be neither fullness of trimming nor drawing of the fabric.

Work is never properly finished until the basting stitches are ripped out.

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ILL. 6. - Even Basting. 20

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ILL. 7. Uneven Basting.

In ripping the basting out of velvet or cloth, cut the thread every few inches, as the pulling out of a long thread leaves marks.

In learning to baste, soft cotton of a contrasting color is advisable, as it is easier to take out and to distinguish from the ordinary sewing.

Materials. - The materials required in this lesson are: A piece of unbleached muslin 12 inches square; a No. 7 sharp needle; No. 50 cotton (red) ; scissors; a ruler or tape measure.

Even Basting.

1.   Examine and describe the sample furnished you by the teacher.

2.   Make a drawing of it on the blackboard. See Illustration No. 6.

3.  Find the length of the stitch and space by measuring the stitch on the sample.

4.  Hold the material over the first two fingers of the left hand.

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ILL. 8. - Basting on Lined Skirts, etc.

5.   Begin at the right-hand side of the material.

6.   Begin with knot and backstitch.

7.   Make stitches and spaces one-fourth of an inch.

8.   Continue basting until work assigned is completed.

9.   Fasten the thread securely by a backstitch. This is sometimes called a fastening stitch.

Uneven Basting.

This basting forms a guide line in sewing just as the blue lines on paper guide us in writing.

1.   Hold the material over the first two fingers of the left hand.

2.  Begin with a knot and backstitch.

3.  Make the stitch three-fourths of an inch long.

4.   Make the space as short as possible.

5.  Fasten with one or two backstitches. See Illustration

No. 7,

Basting Used in Dressmaking.*

In basting skirts with lining, or garments where large spaces are to be covered, a slanting stitch may be used. In this kind of work, point the needle towards you and take as large a stitch upon it as possible. This is sometimes called tacking. In doing this work, keep your materials flat on the table. See Illustration No. 8.

*For advanced work.