While silk, wool, cotton, and linen are the principal textiles used in manufacturing material for clothing, there are a number of other fibres, among which are jute and hemp, which may either be woven separately or combined with one of the above. Jute and hemp are used in manufacturing only very rough textiles.

Out of goat's and camel's hair are manufactured some of the finest and softest woolen goods. China grass, when woven, has much the appearance of silk.

Horsehair is used in making haircloth for interlinings and upholstering purposes. Whalebone is employed for stiffening the seams of dresses.

Paper is used extensively in Japan. Asbestos is used where a fireproof article is needed. Gold, silver, and copper are sometimes combined with other fibres to increase their value, and occasionally are woven independently as in Cloth of Gold. Skins supply furs and leather.

A Venetian manufacturer makes a dress fabric out of spun glass, while a peculiar kind of stone found in the depths of Siberia is drawn into filaments by a patented process and then woven. Both of these new materials are said to take the most brilliant and delicate dyes and to have a lustre as fine as silk.