This section is from the book "School Needlework. A Course of Study in Sewing designed for use in Schools", by Olive C. Hapgood. Also available from Amazon: School Needlework: A Course Of Study In Sewing Designed For Use In Schools.
1. Gather one-fourth of an inch from the raw edge.
3. Make a crease one-fourth of an inch below the gathering.
4. On the crease make another row of gathering, taking each stitch directly below the one above it (Fig. 31).
5. Remove the needle.
6. Take hold of both threads near the cloth, and gradually draw the gathers up to the required width.
1. Find the middle of the cloth, and mark it one and a half inches from the raw edge by a cross-stitch.
2. Crease one inch from the raw edge of the cloth, and let it remain folded.
3. Make two or more rows of gathering, the first row being one-eighth of an inch from the edge of the fold.
When double gathering is used, there is no need of placing. Double gathering should be used on woollen materials, and quite long stitches be taken, if there is much fulness. Where the gathers are large, the second row can be easily made by closely drawing up the first gathering thread, and inserting the needle through many gathers at once.
How is double gathering done? How far from the edge should the first row, in single material, be made? In double material? How is the middle of the cloth marked for double gathering, that is to be overhanded to a binding?