This section is from the book "School Needlework. A Course of Study in Sewing designed for use in Schools", by Olive C. Hapgood. Also available from Amazon: School Needlework: A Course Of Study In Sewing Designed For Use In Schools.
1. With the right side towards you, begin at the left-hand edge.
3. Put the point of the large needle under the gathering thread, holding it obliquely.
4. Press the needle towards the thumb, bringing the little plait under the thumb, and drawing the needle downwards.
5. Pinch it down tightly.
6. Continue in this way, putting the needle under each stitch.
The part to be gathered should be divided into halves, quarters, or eighths, according to the width. When the part is only divided into halves, a notch may be avoided by beginning the gathering in the middle.
In placing, the eye of the needle can be used instead of a blunt-pointed needle. The upper part of the gathers often need a stroke of the needle. If a scratching sound is made in placing, marks are apt to be left, and the cloth torn. In thin, stiff materials, instead of placing, many stitches can be taken on the needle at once, and before drawing the needle through, push them close together; holding firmly, pull them into place and press them.
How is gathering done? When is it used? How is the cloth prepared? How long a thread should be used? What kind of a knot is required? How is the work held? How are the stitches taken? What is done after the seam is finished? How should the thread be drawn? How should the thread be wound? At which end should stroking begin? How is the work held in stroking? Where should the needle be put? What is done next?