Canton Flannel (Chap. I, Par. 7).
1/2 yard canton flannel.
2 yards cotton tape 1/2" wide.
Colored embroidery cotton (if desired).
Embroidery needle to correspond.
White thread No. 60.
Needle No. 7.
The day of carpets tacked to the floor is rapidly passing, and rugs that can be laid loose on the hardwood or painted floors have almost entirely taken their place. The exposed parts of the floor must be dusted frequently with a dry mop.
There are many dust mops on the market which are more or less expensive, many of which are very satisfactory. A simple sub-stitute for these, however, is the broom cover, which can be placed over the broom while sweeping or dusting the hardwood floor and can also be easily removed when it needs to be washed. The covered broom may be used to sweep the walls or to dust high places. The cover may be moistened with furniture polish to prevent the dust from flying when used only on the floor.
Any mop or polishing cloth which has been moistened with oil should be singled out and hung in a cool place. If left in a wad there is danger of its taking fire.
Rules for Cleaning, The Cornell Reading-Courses.
Attic Dust and Treasures, The Cornell Reading-Courses.
No. 1. This is a plain simple dust cloth made by sewing together the tops of discarded stockings; it has the advantage of picking up the dust rather than scattering it.
No. 2. A broom cover made of a large straight piece of cloth with rings and a draw string will be found convenient for dusting high places.
No. 3. An old piece of soft woolen carpet sewed into a bag and supplied with a draw string to fasten it over a broom, is very valuable in polishing waxed floors.
No. 4. Several strips of canton flannel hemmed and stitched together in the middle will furnish a serviceable mop cloth.
Straighten the two long edges of the material (Chap. II, Par. 102).
This broom cover is to be used for hard service and it should not have a great deal of fine work put on it, but, even though it is a simple problem, each process should be done as perfectly as possible. This cover, which is simply a bag, is to be joined by sewing the two selvage edges in a seam, thus making a seam along one edge of the bag and a fold on the other. Lay the two selvage edges together with the smooth surface of the material inside and the upper and lower edges even. With uneven basting (Chap. II, Par. 104) baste the two selvage edges together with a 1/4" seam, continuing around the bottom edge. Stitch just inside of the bastings with the sewing machine (Chap. II, Par. 164), or sew by hand with the back-stitch (Chap. II, Par. 107). Remove the bastings and if desired, overcast (Chap. II, Par. 113) the raw edges on the bottom of the bag. Turn the bag right side out.
A hem 1" wide finishes the raw edge at the top. With a quarter inch first turning, fold, baste with even basting (Chap. II, Par. 103) and stitch the hem in place on the sewing machine, stitching very close to the edge, or hem neatly with hemming stitches (Chap. II, Par. 114), or catch stitch (Chap. II, Par. 120) in place on the right side,
In the center of the hems make an opening about one-halt inch long in the seam which crosses it. On the opposite side make a crosswise cut in the center of the hem the same length as the first one. To keep these openings from raveling, work them around the edges with the buttonhole stitch (Chap. II, Par. 136). Cut the tape in two pieces, each one yard long. With a tape needle or hairpin run one piece of tape through a buttonhole entirely around the hem of the bag, letting one end remain outside and the other come through the buttonhole again. Join these two ends with a felled seam (Chap. II, Par. 138). Run the other tape entirely around the bag in the same manner, drawing it through the opposite buttonhole. Fasten the two ends of tape which hang from this buttonhole with the felled seam. Close the cover by drawing the ends of the tape in opposite directions.
For ordinary purposes, it is unnecessary to do any embroidery work on a broom cover. A design was worked on the broom cover in this lesson merely to give a better idea in the picture. If you expect to exhibit the broom cover which you have made in class, you will probably wish to work a similar design on yours.
The design may be written on a piece of paper and transferred to the broom cover with carbon paper by placing the carbon paper carbon side down on the bag, and pinning the design over it, then tracing around it with a pencil. It would be advisable to use a strip of carbon paper a trifle wider than the letters you have made, and move it as you transfer each line. When a large sheet of carbon paper is used, the carbon is likely to rub off in places and soil your work.
Work the design with coarse embroidery cotton in any color desired with the outline etching stitch (Chap. II, Par 125), or chain stitch (Chap. II, Par. 126). You may prefer simply to make your initial in the manner already described, and work it with the outline etching stitch, chain stitch or satin stitch (Chap. II, Par. 131).