Lawn (Chap. I, Par. 23) or
Long Cloth (Chap. I, Par. 24).
1 piece of white wash goods about 21" square.
1 yard of lace.
3/4 yard of elastic 1/8" wide.
Thread No. 70.
Needle No. 8.
Commercial pattern, or a piece of Manilla wrapping paper about 22" square.
In order to keep the hair in a healthy condition, it is necessary to keep the scalp clean. It is, therefore, very desirable to protect the head when working in the dust. This has made the so-called dust caps very popular.
While silks, laces, and dainty, sheer materials are used in caps which are worn simply for ornament, the service to which a dust cap is to be subjected requires that it be made of material firm enough to keep out the dust. However, this does not prevent the use of dainty colors such as pale pink and blue ginghams, percales or similar materials. The white cap is usually becoming and looks very attractive in the kitchen.
Although these caps are frequently made with a brim which calls for two pieces of material, the cap in this lesson is made of one piece only. This cap may be worn as part of a cooking uniform for school.
Cotton Spinning. Marsden-Macmillan Co. Grading of Cotton, U. S. Bulletin 591.
No. 1. This cap has a turned back brim which may be piped, trimmed with braid or rickrack.
No. 2. Narrow lace may be used effectively in trimming a cap which is intended to be rather dainty.
No. 3. The turned up brim presents an opportunity to use various decorative stitches, both on its surface and edges.
No. 4. The combination of lace and silk offers unlimited opportunities in designing attractive effects in dainty caps.
This cap is made from a circular piece of cloth about 21" in diameter. To make a pattern for the cap, draw a circle that size on a piece of manilla wrapping paper (use a pencil and a string); fold it on one of its diameters and cut it in halves. Use one-half of the pattern to lay out the cap.
Fold the material in the center and pin the straight edges of the pattern on the fold, also pin it in two or three places around the curve. Cut carefully around the curve, remove the pattern and open the circular piece of cloth. This circle of cloth is to be finished with a hem, preferably a rolled hem, although it is more difficult to make than the flat hem. Make a rolled hem (Chap. II, Par. 118) around the edge and sew in place as you roll it, or a narrow, flat hem (Chap. II, Par. 114).
Lay the right side of the lace on the right side of the circular piece of cloth and overhand the lace on the edge of the hem (Chap. II, Par. 112). To keep the lace from drawing around the outside edge, full it on slightly as you sew. Join the edges of the lace (Chap. II, Par. 148).
This casing may be made by using the commercial bias tape, about 3/8" wide, or bias strips may be cut (3/4" wide) according to directions in Chap. II, Par. 143. If two or more strips are necessary, join them (Chap. II, Par. 144), then turn under the raw edges, making a strip about 3/8" wide when completed. The turned edges may be pressed with an iron, creased firmly, or basted to keep them folded. To allow the edge of the cap to extend beyond the casing, baste the outside edge of the tape about l 1/4" inside the edge of the hem. Be careful to keep the spacing even all the way around, also stretch the edge slightly to make the tape lie smoothly when the inner edge is basted in place. A small piece of cardboard cut about one-half inch wide and 1 1/4" long will serve as an excellent guide in keeping the tape even with the edge of the cap.
When you have basted the outer edge of the tape all the way around the circle, join the ends; baste the inner edge in place, keeping the tape smooth. Sew both edges of the tape in place with hemming stitches (Chap. II, Par. 114), or stitch them on the sewing machine (Chap. II, Par. 164), leaving a space of about 1/2" unsewed on the inner edge through which to insert the elastic. Measure around your head and cut the elastic for your cap about two inches longer. With a bodkin, or hairpin, run the elastic through the casing, allowing both ends to extend outside the half-inch opening. Before fastening the ends tie them loosely; place the cap on the head; adjust it until it fits nicely, then cut the elastic to the proper size; lap the two pieces about 1/4" and sew them together firmly. Slip the joined ends inside the casing.
As the elastic is usually removed when the cap is washed, it is advisable to leave the opening in the edge of the casing unsewed. You may prefer to tie the elastic in a neat knot close to the opening in the casing, as it may then be removed simply by untying the knot. Adjust the gathers evenly on the elastic.