Huckaback (Chap. I, Par. 47) or
Damask (Chap. I, Par. 45).
Since the ends of the towels must be finished with hems or some stitch like the loop stitch, it is interesting to observe the great variety of ways in which these two methods are varied. The hems are made in varying widths, finished with plain and fancy stitches. They may be left without ornament on the edge or finished with crocheted lace, or tatting, to suit individual taste. The other method, the loop stitch, is employed in making scallops of varying sizes and shapes.
It is always advisable to use a good quality of linen for hand embroidered towels in order that the quality of the material may correspond with the artistic work.
An embroidered initial or design is usually worked above the scalloped edge, but a towel made like the one in this lesson, which is finished with the scalloped edge alone, will be very pleasing.
Art in Needlework, Day. Manual Art Press. Embroideries and Their Stitches. Buttrick Pub. Co., N. Y.
No. 1. This towel has a scalloped edge like the one described in this lesson. A design placed above it is worked with eyelet and satin stitch embroidery.
No. 2. This towel is made with a deep scalloped edge. The design above the edge is worked with cross-stitches. The old English initial is worked with the satin stitch.
No. 3. This towel is finished at the ends with more elaborate scallops than those shown on the other towels; there are 5 tiny scallops included in one large scallop. The towel is embroidered with an eyelet above each scallop and an initial worked with the satin stitch.
No. 4. This towel shows the effectiveness of the outline etching stitch, French knots and lazy daisy stitches worked in colors on the end of a bath towel. The scalloped edge is worked in a color which harmonizes with the colors used in the embroidery stitch.
Straighten the ends of material (Chap. II, Par. 102).
The scalloped edge used on the towel in this lesson is a plain scallop. It may be designed on a piece of paper in the following manner; draw a pencil line 1/2" from, and parallel with, the end of the pattern. Using a penny as a pattern lay out the bottom of the scallops even with this line, with some object about the size of a half dollar, lay out the top edges of the scallops.
If you make your own design it must be transferred to the edge of the towel with carbon paper. To do this, cut a strip of carbon paper a trifle wider than the scallop, place it carbon side down about half an inch above the edge of the towel (the scallops are likely to stretch if worked on the extreme edge). Place the pattern for the scallop over the carbon paper, pin it to the material in two or three places to keep it from slipping, trace around the scallops, remove the carbon paper and pattern and work the scallops.
Commercial patterns for scallops are made in long strips and are very easily transferred by placing the rough side down on the desired place and pressing it with a hot iron.
When doing embroidery work, most people prefer to keep the cloth smooth by stretching the material over embroidery hoops. It is frequently necessary to baste a straight piece of lawn on the edge below the scallops (so the hoops may hold the material securely). Scallops may be worked with white or dainty colored embroidery cotton; either coarse or fine may be used, but they should be padded with the same colored thread used in working them. The padding may be done by holding a regular padding cotton or rope even with the lower edge of the scallops covering it as you embroider with the loop stitch; if the scallops are used with white thread, they may be padded with darning cotton. (The padding cotton is usually heavier than that used for the finishing stitch.)
To pad the scallops make the outline etching stitch (Chap. II, Par. 125) or the chain stitch (Chap. II, Par. 126), around the edges of the scallop, first, then fill in the centers. The stitches may be rather long but should be kept smooth and even. After the scallops are padded, begin at the left side and work them with the loop stitch (Chap. II, Par. 128), keeping the stitches very close and even on the edges of the scallops. Both ends of the towel should be finished in the same manner. Cut out the scallops and work over the edge with the buttonhole stitch (Chap. II, Par. 136). An initial may be placed in the middle of one end of the towel. This initial can be transferred to the towel in the same manner as the pattern for the scallops; it should be worked with the satin stitch. (Chap. II, Par. 131).