School Bag

Materials

Linen (Chap. I, Par. 40). Chambray (Chap. I, Par. 9)-

1 piece of chambray or linen 14 1/2" x 36".

Thread No. 70.

Needle No. 8.

1 yard white cotton tape about 1" wide.

Stencil pattern.

Heavy cardboard.

Oil paints, or dyes suitable for stenciling.

Introductory Statement

Did you ever find yourself hurrying to school with an armful of books, and have one of them begin to slip and the others, one by one, follow its example until finally all the books lay at your feet? If you have you will appreciate the advantage of a school bag.

A book bag may be made like a button bag, with a string. How-ever, a bag made with a wide opening at the top with straps which can be placed over the shoulder is very much more easily carried.

A school bag should be made of strong material, like denim, or a firm grade of cambric, chambray or percale. Oilcloth is also very desirable as it is waterproof.

The design on the book bag should be simple. Stenciling makes a very attractive decoration for this sort of bag. It would be interest-ing to design and paint the stencil in the drawing class.

References:

Choosing Textiles, Gibbs. Illinois Univ. Bulletin.

Decoration of the School and Home, Dillaway. Manual Arts Press.

Suggestions For Optional Modification

Suggestions For Optional Modification 41

School Bag

No. 1. This bag is made the same size as the one in the illustration. Instead of the flap at the top, it is finished with an inch hem. Two draw strings running in opposite directions slip through rings. It is trimmed with cretonne.

Cooking Bag

No. 2. This bag is made similar to No. 1, the draw strings being run through a hem in the top of the bag; it is ornamented with embroidery stitches. It may be used to carry cooking uniform back and forth to school.

Corset Bag

No. 3. This bag is made from cretonne. It is 9 1/2" wide by 30" long. The draw strings are run through the lower half of a hem, the upper half being allowed to extend in a heading.

Party Bag

No. 4. This bag is made of heavy silk, lined with lighter weight silk. The draw strings of ribbon are drawn through the lower part of the hem, leaving the upper part for a heading. It is 15" wide by 18" long.

Working Directions For School Bag

Preparing Material

Straighten two adjoining edges of the material (Chap.. II, Par-102). (If the material is 30" wide it may be torn down the center and two bags can be made out of one width). Measure out on the short edge 14 1/2", the width of the bag before making. Measure out on the long edge 36", one yard (the depth of the bag before making).

To Make The Flap

This bag is to be made of one strip of material, one end being, made pointed to form a flap, the other folded up to form the bag. To make the flap, find the center of the material by folding the long, edges together evenly; crease on the fold. Open the material. Fold one corner over to the central crease; on the same end fold the other corner over in like manner, thus forming a point on the end of the . material. This pointed end of the material is to form the flap. Cut away the extra material folded over and finish the raw edges with a. hem 1 1/4" wide (Chap. II, Par. 114), mitering the corner at the point (Chap. II, Par. 146).

Forming The Bag

The opposite end of the material is to be folded up to the be-ginning of the flap to form the bag. Before folding it, finish the raw edge with a hem 3/4" wide with a first turning 1/4" wide. Sew it in place with hemming stitches, or stitch with the sewing machine. The edges along the sides of the bag are to be finished with French seams (Chap. II, Par. 137). To do this, fold the hemmed edge up (having the right side out) until it overlaps the bottom of the hem on the flap 1/4". Join the edges with French seams about 1/8" wide. Remove all bastings and turn the bag right side out.

To Sew On The Tape

This bag is to be suspended from the shoulder with a strip of tape about one inch wide. To sew on the tape, first turn under the raw edge at each end about 1/4", allowing one end to overlap the back of the bag 1/2" on one upper corner; baste it in place, being careful to sew through the back of the bag only. Place the other end of the tape in the same position on the opposite corner of the bag, as shown in the illustration, and baste in place. Fasten each end securely to the bag with hemming stitches (Chap. II, Par. 114),. sewing around the two edges, across the bottom and along the place where it crosses the edge of the bag.

The Design

This bag is decorated with a stencil design. To make a stencil design, proceed as follows: Make your own design, or use a commercial pattern. When you have decided on the design, transfer it to stencil board, bristol board, or very heavy paper. To cut out the design, place the material on which you have transferred your design over a piece of glass, and with a sharp knife cut it out in very clean-cut lines.

To stencil the design onto the bag, open the flap, place a blotter inside the bag and fasten the design over the bag firmly in the position desired. Use a brush with short bristles and artist's oil mixed with turpentine, or Easy Dye dissolved in water (Your teacher should help you to select suitable colors for your design). As the paint is likely to spread under the pattern, remove the excess from the brush each time before applying it to the stencil by rubbing it over a piece of waste cloth. Apply the paint with a daubing rather than a brushing motion. There should be only sufficient paint left in the brush to color the stencil. Oil crayons may be used instead of the paints or dyes if the design on the bag is pressed with a hot iron to set the colors.