Linen (Chap. I, Par. 40).
1 1/2 yards Art linen 18" to 22" wide.
3 shades embroidery cotton.
Black embroidery cotton.
Linen colored thread for hemstitching.
As the top of a library table is usually made of cabinet wood with a fine finish, it should be protected from mars and scratches. For this purpose some kind of table cover is quite necessary. The light silk Oriental rugs, which are very expensive, are sometimes used for this purpose; leather also makes an attractive cover, but the table covers made of strips of natural linen or crash are cheap, durable, easily cared for and may be made very attractive with different kinds of handwork.
The table cover shown in this lesson is an example of one made of linen finished at the ends with fringe, and decorated with a hand embroidered design. The shades of brown, used in working this table cover will make it harmonize very nicely with a room in which the prevailing tone is brown.
Home Economics, Parloa. .Manual Arts Press.
Household Arts, Mrs. Candace Wheeler. Manual Arts Press.
No. 1. This table cover is made of a strip of linen crash; it is finished with a double hemstitched hem at each end; it is made long enough to hang over the end of the table about 6". The colors used in the stencil are soft, subdued shades of dark green and red; these -colors will not be out of harmony with the color scheme of almost any room in which it might be used.
No. 2. This cover may be made of white linen, white poplin or Indian head. It is made to place on a game table for the purpose of protecting the sleeves of the players. The tapes sewed on near the corners are used to tie the cover to the legs of the table. The band of filet crocheting in the center of the cover is buttonholed in place.
If the material is purchased 18", 20" or 22" wide (which are the usual widths) it will be used without removing the selvages. If art linen is not used, and the cover is cut from wider material (if there is no selvage) carefully straighten the edges of the material (Chap. II, Par. 102) making the piece the same width at each end. Finish both edges with a small flat hem which may be made either by hand (Chap. II, Par. 114), or stitched on the sewing machine (Chap. II, Par. 164).
The length of the cover may be varied to suit the size of the table upon which it is to be used, about a yard and a half is a convenient length. It should be long enough to overhang a few inches at each end of the table, preferably so the entire design will be on the part that overhangs.
Draw a thread and straighten the end (Chap. II, Par. 102). Measure up from this straightened end as far as desired for the length of the fringe (about 4" or 5" will be satisfactory). Draw several threads (do not turn a hem) ,hemstitch across the end making the stitches catch in the main part of the cover (Chap. II, Par. 115), pull out the remainder of the threads below the line of hemstitches. This will leave all of the warp threads hanging free to form the fringe.
These threads are to be divided into equal groups and tied in knots as may be seen in the illustration at the front of the lesson. Divide the threads into groups of about eight threads each. Commencing at one edge, tie the first group in a knot with the fourth group letting the knot come down about 1". Tie the second group and the sixth group in similar manner, then the third and eight group, then the fifth and tenth, then the seventh and twelfth, then the ninth and fourteenth and so on across the end of the cover.
These groups of threads should be tied in such a way as to form an even row of knots equally distant from the hemstitching. If desired, other designs may be worked out by dividing the threads in different groups and tying in different ways.
Make the fringe on the other end and tie the knots in exactly the same way.
The table cover is to be decorated with an embroidered design. This may be drawn free-hand on a piece of paper, afterwards transferred to the cover. This method is recommended as it will give an opportunity of using in the sewing class some of the things worked out in the study of drawing. After working out the design, transfer it to the material by using a carbon paper. Place the carbon side of the paper next to the linen, pin the design over it in sufficient number of places to prevent slipping, then carefully trace the design with a pencil. Remove pattern.
A commercial pattern may be used if preferred; place the rough side of the pattern next to the goods and press with a hot iron. Outline all of the parts of the design with the outline etching stitch in black (Chap. II, Par. 125). The larger parts of the embroidery pattern are to be heavily padded. This padding should be carefully done so as to give a rounded appearance to the finished work. The embroidering is done with the satin stitch (Chap. II, Par. 131). The opposite end of the cover may be embroidered with similar design.