This section is from the book "Scientific Sewing And Garment Cutting", by Antoinette Van Hoesen Wakeman. Also available from Amazon: Scientific Sewing And Garment Cutting: For Use In Schools And In The Home.
The fourth design is a repetition of the second, begun four threads of the canvas from the last line of hemming of the third design. Four threads from this design is a line of blanket stitch extending from one line of the red basting to the other. When each of these designs has been repeated, draw out the red basting-lines which mark the beginning and ending of the designs. Cut the selvage along the line of the first thread, and draw the threads of the four sides, with the exception of the last thread next the design, for the fringed edge. Draw out first the weft threads, leaving the last thread next to the design, on both sides, then draw the warp threads on both sides, leaving the last thread along the line of the blanket stitching, and the model is complete.
Of what kind of stitches is the fourth design composed? Ans. Of backstitching and overhanding.
How many designs like this are there on this model? Ans. There are four.
How many kinds of stitches are there on this model? Ans. Six different kinds.
What is this model when it is finished? Ans. A little mat ornamented in designs in red and blue marking cotton.
What preparation should be made before beginning to sew? How should one sit when sewing?
What stitches make up the designs of the first model? How is each of these stitches taken?
Between which two fingers is the thread drawn in sewing? What is the second model of the first grade? How many different stitches are there on this model? How does the canvas of this model differ from that used for the first? What is the warp thread? What is the weft? What is a square? How is canvas woven?
How many different designs are there in this model, and what colors are used in making them?
What does this design form when finished?
Why are the stitches arranged in designs, and why are two colors used?
Note. - The general facts that follow each grade, concerning the more important materials and their manufacture, have been given place, because it has been found that to know something of these subjects stimulates the intelligent interest of pupils in their work. The discussion of these facts, during class work, is optional with the teacher, as they are not a part of the regular course; but such discussion is recommended. These facts are presented in a condensed form, and it is expected that the teacher will elaborate and adapt them as seems desirable.