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Sewing - Handicraft For Girls | by Idabelle McGlauflin



Experience has taught that the bringing of materials for the use of sewing classes from the various homes of the rich and the poor, the thrifty and the shiftless, the clean and the untidy has resulted unsatisfactorily. The success of any sewing course depends largely upon the use of proper and uniform materials. In most cities all materials, with the exception of those used for the full-sized garments, will be furnished by the board of education. School boards or teachers, so desiring, can obtain complete sets of materials for this course from the author.

TitleSewing - Handicraft For Girls
AuthorIdabelle McGlauflin
PublisherThe Manual Arts Press
Year1918
Copyright1918, Idabelle McGlauflin
AmazonSewing Handicraft For Girls

Sewing - Handicraft For Girls

A Graded Course For City And Rural Schools

Prepared by Idabelle McGlauflin

Supervisor of Girls' Handwork in the Denver Public Schools

Sewing Handicraft For Girls 1
-Explanatory Note
The exercises in this five-year course are based upon an estimated time of one hour per week in the first two years, and one and one-half hours in the last three, the school year consisting of thirty-...
-Chapter I. Suggestions To Teachers
The teacher's preparation for the lesson consists in doing each exercise before presenting the lesson to the class. It will take some time to do so, but it will save hours of time and much worry in th...
-General Directions For Pupils Of Sewing Classes
1. Be sure that the hands are clean. 2. Always sit erect - well back in the seat - with the light coming over the left shoulder, both feet upon the floor, because the body will not become as tired, t...
-Drills For Beginners
Drill 1. Threading the needle with cotton. Needle No. 8; colored thread. a. Prepare the cotton by twisting between thumb and forefinger. b. Place the thread in the eye of the needle. c. Draw the th...
-Chapter II. Course Of Instruction
First Year - Third Grade. equipment. Sewing box or Envelope Case. Pin cushion - 20 pins. Thimble. Needles. Scissors. Thread cards. Practice Piece - Unbleached muslin, 9x6. Order Of Exercise...
-Exercise No. 1 - Basting
Materials: Unbleached muslin 5 x 8 stamped with the three basting stitches, No. 1, page 67; colored thread No. 50; needle No. 6. Make pupils perfectly familiar with the name and use of this stitch....
-Exercise No. 2 - Running
Materials: Stamped running design No. 1, page 12. Unbleached muslin 6 x 8; colored thread No. 50; needle No. 6. Make pupils perfectly familiar with the name and use of this stitch. See description ...
-Exercise No. 3 - Overhanding
Materials: Practice piece; colored thread No. 50; needle No. 6. Teach the Overhanding Stitch on the Practice Piece. See description of Stitches Used in Plain Sewing, page 66. Change the color of the...
-Exercise No. 4 - Cross Stitch Pin Cushion - Christmas Piece.t
Materials: Unbleached muslin 4 1/4 x 8; luster cotton; crewel needle No. 6; thread No. 50; needle No. 6; cotton poplin 4 1/2 x 8 1/2 stamped with cross-stitch design (or a square of Penelope canva...
-Exercise No. 5 - Running
Materials: Running design No. 2, page 12, 7 x 8; colored thread No. 50; needle No. 6. Follow the lines of the design with the running stitch. ...
-Exercise No. 6 - Overhanding
Materials: White thread No. 50; needle No. 6. Running designs No. 1 and No. 2 are to be overhanded together. Turn a quarter-inch fold on the long side of both pieces. Base the folded edges together an...
-Exercise No. 7 - Running
Materials: Running design No. 3, page 12, 6 x 8; colored thread No. 50; needle No. 6. Follow the lines of the design with the running stitch. ...
-Exercise No. 8 - Hemming - Paper Folding For A Hem
Materials: Paper 41/2 x 7. Fold the long way of the paper. First fold of the hem, one-fourth of an inch. Turn half an inch hem on one side and an inch hem on the other. Have each child cut from a c...
-Exercise No. 9 - Running
Materials: Running design No. 4, page 12, 6 x 8; colored thread No. 50; needle No. 6. Follow the lines of the design with the running stitch. ...
-Exercise No. 10 - Overhanding
Materials: Quilt lining, unbleached muslin 12 x 16; white thread No. 50; needle No. 6. Doll's Quilt. Running designs No. 3 and No. 4 are to be overhanded together. Turn a quarter-inch fold on th...
-A Child's Picture Book
Materials: Pink, blue or yellow paper cambric 27 inches; coarse thread; coarse needle; bright, pretty pictures which the children have cut from papers, magazines, cards, etc.; paste. Child's Pictur...
-Chapter III. Course Of Instruction
Second Year - Fourth Grade. equipment. Sewing box or envelope case. Pin cushion - 20 pins. Thimble. Needles. . Scissors. Thread cards. Practice Piece - Unbleached muslin 9 x 12. Order Of Exercise...
-Seam Sampler
Materials: Plain percale 10 warp, 12 woof; white thread No. 60; needle No. 6. Five exercises of the Second Year Sewing will consist of seam work on the Seam Sampler. Each stitch will be first taugh...
-Exercise No. 11 - Seam A - Combination Stitch
See description of Seam Sampler given above. Materials: First section of Seam Sampler. Fold with the warp through the center, and cut on the fold. Baste these two edges together one-fourth of an i...
-Exercise No. 12 - Emery Balls
Materials: Unbleached muslin, 6 1/2 x 6 1/2; red cashmere 6 1/2 x 6 1/2 (this amount provides for four); thread, yellow, white and red; emery powder; needles No. 6 and No. 3; green luster cotton. ...
-Exercise No. 13 - Seam B - Stitching
Materials: Second section of Seam Sampler. told with the warp through the center and cut on the fold. Baste these two edges together one-fourth of an inch from the edge. Stitch three-eighths of an in...
-Exercise No. 14 - Christmas Piece - A Heart Shaped Bag.+
Materials: Silkoline 14 x 18; tape, 2 yards. Turn and baste a one-fourth-inch fold all the way around the cloth. Crease and baste an inch hem at both ends. With right sides together fold the bag wi...
-Exercise No. 15 - Half-Back Stitching
Materials: First and second sections of the Seam Sampler. Baste the two sections together one-fourth of an inch from the edge. Sew with the half-back stitch three-eighths of an inch from the edge. ...
-Exercise No. 16 - A Doll's Sofa Pillow
Materials: Cotton poplin 6 x 11 1/2; Kerr's twist, B; crewel needle; thread No. 60; needle No. 6. Work the design in the running stitch with the twist. Turn a quarter-inch all the way around to the...
-Exercise No. 17 - French Seam
Materials: Third section of the Seam Sampler. Fold with the warp through the center and cut on the fold. Follow the directions for the French Seam. ...
-Exercise No. 18 - A Pair Of Doll's Pillow Cases
Materials: Two pieces bleached muslin 7 1/2 warp, 8 1/2 woof; white thread No. 60; needle No. 6. In a pillow case the warp threads should run lengthwise of the pillow. Crease a a uarter-inch fold a...
-Exercise No. 19 - French Fell
Materials: Seam Sampler. Sew Section Three of the Seam Sampler to the others with the French Fell. Follow directions for the French Fell. ...
-Exercise No. 20 - Textile Fibers And Fabrics - Silk
Under the heading Textile Fibers and Fabrics, page 96, will be found subject matter which can be used in correlation with the geography, language and history work. The fourth grade subject is silk. ...
-A Doll's Rag Rug
This May Be Used Instead of the Emery Ball. Materials: Carpet warp, 6 yards; large wooden needle; a loom. To make the loom: Take a smooth inch board 7xl2; draw lines across the board one inch fr...
-Chapter IV. Course Of Instruction
Third Year - Fifth Grade. equipment. Sewing box or envelope case. Pin cushion - 30 pins. Thimble. Needles. Scissors. Thread cards. Practice Piece - Unbleached muslin 9xl2. Order Of Exercise...
-Exercise No. 21 - Hemmed Patch
Materials: First section of Patching Sampler. The hemmed patch is the strongest and the one most commonly used for repairing garments. The patch will not be noticeable if the pattern is skilfully mat...
-Exercise No. 22 - A Doll's Kimona
Materials: Outing flannel 10 1/2X l4: luster cotton; white thread; needle No. 7; crewel needle; pattern. N. B. The kimona may be cut in one piece with under-arm seams or in two pieces with an addit...
-Exercise No. 23 - Overhand Patch
Materials: Second section of the Patching Sampler. The overhand patch is used on very thin material, such as lawn, dimity or organdy, where strength is not required and where the two thicknesses of c...
-Exercise No. 24 - Basketry - Christmas Piece
This subject has such limitless possibilities and its success or failure rests so entirely with the teacher that it will be necessary for each teacher to prepare herself to teach it and decide upon th...
-Exercise No. 25 - A Garment Brought From Home To Be Mended
Ask every pupil to bring some article from home, in preference, a garment to be mended. There is no home that cannot furnish a garment that needs repairing. This is a practical application of Exercise...
-Exercise No. 26 - Mitered Corner
Materials: Paper. Teach the mitered corner on paper only. Have it done over and over until every pupil understands how it is done, and can do it alone, rapidly and perfectly. Ask pupils to bring pape...
-Exercise No. 27 - A Napkin - Damask Hem
Materials: Damask 8 1/2x8 1/2 white thread No. 60; needle No. 7. Trim the napkin square. Napkins are usually hemmed with a very narrow hem, luncheon napkins sometimes with wide ones. The Damask He...
-Exercise No. 28 - A Pair Of Sleeve Protectors.+
Materials: Cotton twill 81/2 x 11; tape 36; ribbon elastic 4; white thread No. 70; needle No. 7. To cut the pattern of a sleeve protector: Cut an oblong eight inches by ten and one-half inches. F...
-Exercise No. 29 - A Pin Cushion - Couching And Lazy-Daisy Stitch
Materials: Cover, poplin, stamped; muslin for cushion; crewel needle; coarse colored thread; embroidery cotton. Proceed by the following steps: To make the cushion: 1. Fold through the center the sho...
-Exercise No. 30 - Textile Fibers And Fabrics - Cotton
Under the heading Textile Fibers and Fabrics, page 96, will be found subject matter which can be used in correlation with the geography, language and history work. The fifth grade subject is cotton....
-Edge, Couching And A Hem-Stitched Cover
a. Cotton fabrics with their names and uses. b. Pictures. c. Cotton fiber in the various stages of manufacture. d. Maps upon which can be located the countries producing cotton and cities noted for...
-A Case for Ruler and Pencils
Materials: Creton, three pieces, 3 1/4x22, 3 1/4xl3, 3 1/4xl0; thread; needle No. 7. The following are the successive steps: 1. Turn in one-fourth inch around the three pieces and baste. 2. H...
-A Book Cover
Materials: Grass linen or Holland 15 woof by 1.0 warp; white thread No. 70; needles Nos. 7 and 5; luster cotton. The Design: Start several weeks before the class is ready to make it, arouse an inte...
-A Book Bag
Materials: Galatea or khaki 15 woof, 13 warp; two strips for handles, 13 warp by 3 woof; thread No. 40; needle No. 7. The decoration of the bag should be done before sewing up the ends. Very arti...
-Chapter V. Course Of Instruction
Fourth Year - Sixth Grade. equipment. Sewing box or envelope case. Pin cushion - 30 pins. Thimble. Needles. Scissors. Thread cards. Practice Piece - Unbleached muslin 9xl2. Use No. 80 threa...
-Exercise No. 31 - Stocking Darning
Materials: Stockinet 4x4; cardboard 3x3; darning cotton in two colors; darning needle; a pair of worn stockings. See description of Stocking Darning, page 71. Pupils will furnish their own cardb...
-Exercise No. 32 - A Machine Practice Piece
Materials: Striped calico 1 yard warp, by 6 1/2 inches woof. Begin machine practice by drawing lines on paper and stitching to these lines without thread in the needle. The object of this piece is t...
-Exercise No. 33 - An Apron - The Christmas Piece
Materials: Pupils will select and furnish their own materials for an apron. This may be of any style or kind, and will afford an excellent opportunity for carrying out their individual tastes. This ma...
-Exercise No. 34 - A Lesson In Color
This exercise is a correlation between the sewing and the art work of the class and is intended as a foundation for the lessons in home decoration and the s,tudy of costume later in the course. A Not...
-Exercise No. 35 - Buttonholes
Materials: Blue Percale 9 woof by 4 warp; red percale for practice piece 18 woof 4 warp; white thread No. 40 and No. 70; needle No. 7. Remember the old adage Practice Makes Perfect. See descript...
-Exercise No. 36 - A Trial Piece For The Back Of A Petticoat
Materials: Calico 14 woof by 6 warp, facing llx2, two bands 4 1/2x2; white thread No. 60; needle No. 7. A Placket with a Continuous Facing: Fold the cloth through the center the short way and c...
-Exercise No. 37 - A Hemstitched Handkerchief.+
Materials: Linen finished cambric 12xl2; thread No. 80; needle No. 8. Three-fourths of an inch from the edge draw four threads. Turn the first fold of the hem one-eighth of an inch and baste the se...
-Exercise No. 38 - A Round Holder And Case
Materials: Creton 15x7 3/4; wadding; muslin 14x7; tape 34; needle No. 7; thread No. 70. Pattern: Draw a circle with a 3 1/2 radius. Cut on the line. Proceed by the following successive steps: ...
-Exercise No. 39 - A Petticoat With Waist Or A Princess Slip
Materials: Pupils will furnish their own material for this garment. The patterns which their mothers use can be secured from the home. The work can be more easily directed if one pattern is selected f...
-Exercise No. 40 - Textile Fibers And Fabrics - Flax
Under the heading Textile Fibers and Fabrics, page 96, will be found subject matter which can be used in correlation with the geography, language and history work. The sixth grade subject is Flax. M...
-Round Bottom Bag With Raffia Covering
Hemstitched Pin Cushion. Materials: Muslin 3 1/2X6 1/2; two pieces of India linen 6x6; thread No. 80; needle No. 8. See illustration on page 36. The cushion: Fold the muslin through the center th...
-Chapter VI. Course Of Instruction. Fifth Year - Seventh Grade
Equipiment Sewing box or envelope case. Pin cushion - 30 pins. Thimble. Needles. Scissors. Thread cards. Practice Piece - Unbleached muslin 12x9. Use No. 80 thread for machine work. Order O...
-Exercise No. 41 - A Trial Piece For Finishing The Bottom Of A Pair Of Drawers
Materials: India linen 8x8, ruffle 12 woof, 2 warp; white thread No. 80; needle No. 7. A Trial Piece, Giving Practice On The Hemmed Seam, Tucking, And Putting A. ...
-Ruffle Into A Hem-Tuck
Hemmed Seam: One inch and a quarter from the top crease a fold with the warp. Cut on this crease. See description of the Hemmed Seam, page 91. Putting a ruffle into a hem-tuck and tucking: Measure u...
-Exercise No. 42 - A Pair Of Drawers Or Bloomers
Materials: Pupils will furnish materials for one of these garments. One style of garment for the entire class is preferable. Secure standard patterns in sizes required. Finish the bottom of the drawe...
-Exercise No. 43 - Christmas Piece
All Christmas gifts should represent the personal thought of the giver for the taste or need of the friend receiving it. Nearly all home keepers appreciate a useful, artistic thing for the home and no...
-Exercise No. 44 - Art In The Decoration Of The Home
The following principles in home decoration should be given in nine or ten lessons scattered throughout the term and correlated with the sewing lessons. Their success or failure depends upon the teach...
-Exercise No. 45 - Twist Buttonholes
Materials: French flannel 3 1/2 warp by 6 1/2 woof; twist; sewing silk; needle No. 7. Practice piece, shaker flannel 3 1/2x13 . See description of the buttonhole, page 66. Double the flannel thr...
-Exercise No. 46 - Cloth Darning
Materials: Albatros 5x6; patch l 3/4x2; sewing silk; needle No. 7; beeswax. See description of Cloth Darning, page 71. Four holes, cut as follows, are to be darned on this piece of cloth: No. 1...
-Exercise No. 47 - Study Of Costume Design
The study of costume should be given in nine or ten lessons scattered throughout the term and correlated with the sewing lessons. 1. Read the chapter on Costume, page 105, one section each day and ...
-Exercise No. 48 - A Nightgown, Bungalow Apron Or Simple Wash Dress
Materials: Pupils will furnish their own materials for one of these garments. The patterns for the slip-over gown and the bungalow apron are practically the same. Make careful selection of patterns. O...
-Exercise No. 49 - Eyelet Embroidery - A Napkin Ring
Materials: Butchers linen 3x8 stamped with design; crewel needle; embroidery cotton. See page 77 for the description of the embroidered edge, and page 84 for the eyelet. Fasten with a button and bu...
-Exercise No. 50 - Textile Fibers And Fabrics - Wool
Under the heading, Textile Fibers and Fabrics, page 96, will be found subject-matter which can be used in correlation with the work in language and geography. Make a selection of wool products and f...
-Making Over An Old Garment
This is a most useful lesson. In every home there are to be found garments which are made of good materials but which are out of style. This should be utilized and these old garments not allowed to ac...
-Chapter VII. Description Of Stitches
Stitches Used In Plain Sewing 1. Basting. 2. Blind Stitch. 3. Buttonholes. 4. Combination Stitch. 5. Darning. 6. Gathering. 7. Halfback Stitch. 8. Hemming. 9. Overcasting. 10. Overhanding. ...
-Stitches Used In Plain Sewing. Basting
Basting is temporary sewing used to hold the cloth in place while putting in permanent stitches. As the basting threads are to be removed, place the knot on the right side. Fasten the threads securely...
-Blind Stitch
The blind stitch and slip stitch are used to fasten a hem lightly where it is desired to conceal the stitches. To blind stitch a hem, turn back the edge of the hem to the basting and, holding the clot...
-Buttonholes
A buttonhole is a slit cut and worked to admit a button for fastening purposes. It is much easier for beginners to commence on the blind buttonhole. This is made by working around a line instead of cu...
-Combination Stitch
The Combination stitch consists of three little running stitches and a backstitch over the last running stitch. Take three running stitches on the needle and pull it through. Take up the last running ...
-Darning
The object in darning is to repair a rent, if possible, so that it cannot be perceived. The warp and woof threads that have been worn away are to be rewoven into the cloth. No knots are needed. Leave ...
-Gathering
Gathering is an uneven stitch made by passing over . twice as much as is taken on the needle. When the thread is drawn up this gives the appearance of fine gathering on the right side and admits of co...
-Half-Back Stitch
Half-back stitching is similar to the stitching. The long forward stitch on the under side is three times the length of the backstitch on the upper side, and a space the length of the backstitch is le...
-Hemming
A hem is a fold made bytwiceturningovertheedgeof a piece of cloth, and then sewing it down. The first fold is most important; if that is turned even there will be little trouble with the second. Trim ...
-Overcasting
Overcasting is done by taking loose stitches over the raw edge of cloth from right to left to keep it from raveling. The depth of the stitch depends upon the material to be overcast, usually an eighth...
-Overhanding
Overhanding is done by sewing closely over two edges of cloth from right to left. The cloth may have a folded or selvedge edge. Careful basting is necessary to good overhanding. The needle is placed ...
-Running
Running is done by taking up and slipping over an equal amount of cloth. Running is used for seams that do not require great strength, and also for tucking. Care should be taken not to draw the threa...
-Slip Stitch
See Blind Stitch, page 66. Stitching, - Stitching is so called because it resembles machine stitching. It is also known as back-stitching. Stitching is done by taking a stitch backward on the upper s...
-Ornamental Stitches
1 - The chain stitch. 2 - The Kensington stitch. 3 - Two styles of feather stitching. 4 - The herringbone stitch. 5 - Three styles of blanket stitch. ...
-Applique
This is an ornamentation produced by cutting a design from one kind or color of cloth and placing it upon another. Very beautiful effects can be obtained, with perfect harmony of color and the proper ...
-Blanket Stitch
The blanket stitch, often erroneously called the buttonhole stitch, is used for finishing raw edges. It is worked from left to right, and the buttonhole stitch from right to left. See illustrations on...
-Chain Stitch
The chain stitch is used for outlining a design, marking garments, etc. Insert the needle on the line and draw the thread through to the knot. Insert again at the same point and take up on the needle ...
-Couching
Couching is a coarse blanket stitch done over two or three strands of silk, linen or cotton floss. It makes an attractive finish for a hem line and also for finishing the edge in applique. ...
-Feather Stitch
(See illustration on page 76.) The principal use of the feather stitch being that of ornamentation requires that it shall be evenly and carefully done, or it fails in its purpose. The feather stitch c...
-French Knot
Bring the needle through from the under side. With the needle in the right hand, take hold of the thread with the left hand about an inch from the cloth and, holding it taut, wind it several times aro...
-Hemstitching
Hemstitching is a method of hemming in which a few parallel threads are drawn, the hem turned to the line thus formed, and hemmed down with the same stitch that separates the cross threads in successi...
-Herringbone Stitch
(See illustration on page 76.) The herringbone or catch stitch is a cross stitch used to finish the raw edges of flannel or heavy material. It serves both the purpose of overcasting over a raw edge an...
-Kensington Outline Stitch
(See illustration on page 76.) This stitch is used to follow the line of a design for ornamentation. To avoid the knot, when starting begin half an inch from the end of the line to be followed, and pu...
-Lazy Daisy Or Star Stitch
This is a variation of the blanket stitch. Insert the needle at the point desired for the center of the flower and draw the thread through. Insert again at the same place and take up the desired lengt...
-Bands
A band is a straight piece of cloth used to finish garments at the neck, wrist or waist. It may be sewed to a straight, gathered or pleated edge. A band cut with the warp is stronger than one cut with...
-Bias
A bias is a diagonal cut. To cut a true bias, fold over the corner of the cloth so that the warp and woof threads are parallel. A choice bias is a true bias, having the twill of the cloth at right ang...
-Cloth
A fabric woven of fibers, either animal or vegetable. The edges of cloth are known as the selvage, the threads running lengthwise the warp, and those crossing the warp from selvage to selvage the woof...
-Eyelets And Loops
An eyelet is a small hole made and worked in a garment to receive a cord, stud or loop of a button. Punch the hole with a stiletto, pushing the threads apart rather than breaking them. Overhand closel...
-Joining And Fastening Thread
When sewing, care should be taken in joining threads. The manner in which it is done depends upon the stitch in use. In hemming, leave a half-inch of the old and a half-inch of the new thread, tuck bo...
-Mitered Corner
Two hems crossing at right angles may be finished either with the square or the mitered corner. To miter a corner, turn and crease a quarter-inch fold on both sides. Turn the second fold of the hem th...
-Patterns
With the varied, complex and ever-changing styles of fashion, individual pattern drafting (except for a very simple article) is impracticable, usually resulting in commonplace garments and involving u...
-Plackets
A placket is an opening made in a garment. There are several ways of finishing an opening, but in all cases, except when the gusset is used, the underside should extend some distance under the top to ...
-Putting In Sleeves
After trimming the arm hole, measure one inch back from the shoulder seam and mark with a pin. Fold the garment at the arm hole with this pin at the top of the fold and place another directly opposite...
-Seams
A seam is formed by sewing together two pieces of cloth. There are several different methods of joining them. Those known as the raw seams may be joined by stitching, half-back stitching, overhanding ...
-Sewing On Buttons
There are two important requirements for sewing on buttons - to put in sufficient thread, and to fasten this thread securely that it may not loosen from the end. In sewing flat buttons on coats, jacke...
-Sewing On Hooks And Eyes
In sewing hooks and eyes on a garment it is best, where practicable, to cover the ends with the lining of the garment or with a piece of tape. In sewing them on the edge of a hem or facing turn the ed...
-Sewing On Lace
When sewing lace to an edge always hold the lace next to you. Lace may be put on straight 01 gathered. At the top of most laces will be found a coarse thread woven into the lace for the purpose of gat...
-Tucking
Crease the first tuck where desired. For the second tuck measure from the first and allow twice the width of the tuck plus the desired space between. Repeat for the successive tucks. ...
-Putting A Ruffle Into A Hem-Tuck
This makes an excellent finish for the bottom of petticoats and drawers. Measure up from the bottom twice the width of the desired hem plus one-fourth of an inch for the seam and crease for a tuck. St...
-Chapter VIII. Textile Fibers And Fabrics
The fibers used in the manufacture of cloth are of two different natures, vegetable and animal. The vegetable fibers may be divided into three distinct classes: 1. The cotton having soft, lint-like ...
-Silk
Silk is the most beautiful of all fabrics. It is made from the fiber produced by the silk-worm which is a species of caterpillar. So perfectly does this little worm do its work that no spinning is req...
-Cotton
The Plant Cotton is one of the most important vegetable fibers, distinguished from all other fibers by the peculiar twist it possesses which makes it especially adapted to spinning. It is cultivated ...
-Flax
The fibers of flax are spun and woven into a fabric called linen. This is one of the most ancient industries known to man. Linen is often mentioned in the Bible and the ancient Egyptians wrapped their...
-Wool
Wool is the fleecy covering of sheep. It is distinguished by its waviness and the scaly covering of the fibers. The scales are more pointed and protrude more than those of hair. This gives it a tenden...
-Woolens
There are two classes of woolen textiles, woolens and worsteds, depending upon the character of the fiber used, and the treatment to which it is subjected. The shorter varieties of wool are used in wo...
-Chapter IX. Costume
Dress And Its Relation To Art Art education should bring to every girl a greater appreciation of beauty and a sufficient knowledge to enable her to beautify her home and to dress herself becomingly. ...
-Chapter X. Basketry
Basketry is one of the oldest handicrafts known to man, but it reached its greatest excellence with the tribes of American Indians who wove baskets from the grasses, reeds and rushes which they gather...
-Preparation Of Materials
Round reeds are sold in sizes from the very fine Number 0 to the coarse Number 8. Hemp cord of different sizes may be substituted for the reeds if a flexible basket is desired. Beginning about two in...
-Beginning The Basket
Baskets may be classified as round or oval. A. The Round Basket. Draw the sharpened end of the pliable reed between the thumb and finger into the smallest possible coil. Lay the end of the raffia to...
-Teachers
Are you required to teach a subject for which you have had inadequate, if any preparation? The McGlauflin Sewing Kits will save you worry, work and money. Normal Schools Young, inexperienced teacher...









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