This section is from the book "Text-Book On Domestic Art", by Carrie Crane Ingalls. Also available from Amazon: Textbook On Domestic Art: With Illustrations And Drafts.
Two yards Battenburg braid 1/4 inch wide.
Baste braid to paper, cambric or holland, in parallel lines 1/4 inch apart, or in squares or circles, as illustrated. Square and pointed corners are mitered.
Narrow braids may be basted thru the center, except on round edges which must follow the fullest side of the curve, the inner side being gathered into the space, with a very small overcast stitch.
Work lace stitches from left to right. Do not knot thread in starting.
From the simple herring-bone stitch, work up to the more complexed, as illustrated. The first stitches are worked singly, the second have the same stitch worked between, making the diagonals cross in the center.
The third has a thread worked thru the center, where the diagonals cross, held firm by a knot or single buttonhole stitch.
On the next illustrated strip, the plain herring-bone is started, then two twists around each stitch is made, giving an entirely different effect.
The following stitch is the plain herring-bone with picots worked irregularly on each diagonal.
Picots may be made like the bullion stitch, or on buttonholed bars, or combination of both. For buttonholing bars for picots, start at left.
A filling-in stitch is worked in a loose buttonhole, like the first design in square, making as an irregular effect as possible. This same lace work may be buttonholed with picots worked irregularly and occasionally, adding more strength to the work.
One of the simplest and most effective of all lace stitches, is the net stitch and its varieties. The single net is called by some "Brussels point," and most of the net stitches have different names.
The single net stitch is an embroidery buttonhole stitch, started at left end, and worked on even, horizontal lines, leaving a loose thread, which is caught in the center by the next line of stitches. These stitches may be worked in groups or graduated in design, like the pointed one in illustration. This last one has been named the tent and the pineapple stitch.
All kinds of combinations may be invented, which makes the lace stitches so interesting.
Round designs are filled in with wheels and spiders' webs, made on a foundation of single or double bars or diagonals. Connect the diagonals with an overcast stitch on edge of braid, spacing, according to size of open space. Fasten in center with buttonhole knot, and weave in and out as the darning stitch, filling circle half full. This is one method of making the wheel. Another is made by buttonholing a complete circle in center of space, being held in place, by diagonals.
The spider's web is started in center with knot, and the thread carried to the next diagonal, and a buttonhole knot made. This is repeated until the design resembles a web.
To work a center of raised stitches, which is stronger and more effective than the wheel or web, make an uneven number of diagonals.
Start in center as before, go under two diagonals for the first stitch, back one and under two for the second stitch, and so on. This is a backstitch.
Curved spaces, coming to point at center base, are worked with radiating diagonals, single or double, and the darning stitch applied. If the diagonals are double, each one may be worked separately. They are called "bars."