"Harper's Weekly " produces the following information on this subject:
The United States pays the railroads, for carrying mail about $41,000,000 per annum. This sum is further increased to $46,000,000 with rental of mail cars included. In Frauce, the railroads, in return for their grants of right of way, carry the mail free. The only exception is where the government uses a postal car of its own; then the railroad receives about a cent a mile, almost nothing, for hauling government cars. In Switzerland, prior to government ownership, the railroads received nothing; their concession from the government provided that the railroad company should carry the mails free. An exception was made where the company earned less than three and a half per cent dividend per annum. In Germany the railroads haul one mail car free. Where a second or more cars are needed, the government pays the company, if a government car, five pfenning per axle per kilometer, or ten pfenning if the the car belongs to the railroad company. This amounts to from eight to twelve cents a car per mile, representing barely the cost of hauling the cars. In Austria the same regulations prevail as in Germany, except hauling extra cars average from ten to fifteen cents per mile. Italy pays nothing to the railroads for carrying the mails, as it is provided in the concessions made to transportation companies that the government mails must be carried free. Bel-giums laws are similar to those of Italy. In England, even with the immense volume of parcels carried by the British government, instead of, as in this country, by express companies, the money received by the railroads for carrying the mails is only about one-ninth of the amount paid by the United States.