A respiratory apparatus for firemen, invented by Mr. Charles E. Chapin,a draughtsman who lives in Berkeley, Cal., consists of a hood lined with oiled silk to cover the head and an air cylinder which is strapped on the back. The cylinder is divided into three chambers, carrying enough air under a pressure that can be regulated to last an hour. The air is conducted by a rubber tube to the head piece, the exhaled air passing out through a valve before the mouth. The fireman can get enough air to fill his lungs comfortably, but cannot expend the supply in a short time, as he might be tempted to do if he became frightened. The main supply of air comes from the outer cylinders, the middle one being smaller and to be drawn upon only after the two others are exhausted. The apparatus can be adjusted on the bank in half a minute, and, as it weighs only 23 pounds, it does not impede the fireman in his work.
Attracted by the peculiar glitter of a boulder while hunting moonstones at Arcadia Beach, Philip J. Boyle. a California diver, is something like $1500 in pocket. Upon examination the boulder proved to be a mass of gold quartz weighing 278 pounds. It contains upward of five pounds of gold. The boulder is oval in shape and its surface has been worn smooth by the action of the waves.