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Scientific American Vol. XLIII. No. 25. December 18, 1880



Vol. XLIII. No. 25. December 18, 1880. A weekly journal of practical information, art, science, mechanics, chemistry, and manufactures.

TitleScientific American Vol. XLIII. No. 25. December 18, 1880
AuthorMunn & Co.
PublisherMunn & Co.
Year1880
Copyright1880, Munn & Co.
AmazonScientific American Science Desk Reference

Scientific American. A Weekly Journal Of Practical Information, Art, Science, Mechanics, Chemistry, And Manufactures. New York, December 18, 1880

Scientific American

Vol. XLIII. No. 25 [New Series.]

$3.20 per Annum. [Postage Prepaid.]

Scientific American

Established 1845.

Munn & Co., Editors and Proprietors.

Published Weekly At No. 37 Park Row, New York.

O. D. Munn. A. E. Beach.

-Terms For The Scientific American
One copy, one year postage included $3 20 One copy, six months, postage included 1 60 Clubs. - One extra copy of The Scientific American will be supplied gratis for...
-One More Number
The next issue will close another volume of this paper, and with it several thousand subscriptions will expire. It being an inflexible rule of the publishers to stop sending the paper when the time...
-Fires - Causes And Prevention
It is estimated that the total annual losses of insured property by fire, throughout the world, average nearly two hundred million dollars. Add to this the annual destruction of uninsured property, an...
-What Is Light?
If on opening a text book on geology one should find stated the view concerning the creation and age of the earth that was held a hundred years ago, and this view gravely put forward as a possible or ...
-Glass Spinning And Weaving
Quite recently a Pittsburg glass firm has succeeded, to a notable degree, in producing glass threads of sufficient fineness and elasticity to permit of their being woven into fabrics of novel characte...
-Remarkable Eruption Of Mauna Loa
Late advices from the Sandwich Islands describe the eruption of Mauna Loa, which began Nov. 5, as one of the grandest ever witnessed. The opening was about six miles from the summit of the mountain, a...
-New Air Engine
A valuable improvement in compressed air engines has recently been patented in this country and in Europe by Col. F. E. B. Beaumont, of the Royal Engineers, and we learn from accounts given in the Lon...
-Telegraph Wires Underground
Philadelphia newspapers report that the American Union Telegraph Company are about to try in that city the experiment of putting their wires underground. The plan works well enough in European cities,...
-Improved Safety Nut
That a safety nut so simple and so obviously efficient as the one shown in the annexed engraving should be among the recent inventions in this line instead of being among the first, is a curious examp...
-Petroleum Prospects
The total oil production of the Pennsylvania oil regions for the month of October was 2,094,608 barrels. The conditions in the producing field are gradually giving warrant for permanently higher price...
-Tool For Driving And Clinching Nails
A novel method of making a nail hole and driving and clinching the nail is shown in the annexed engraving. The instrument for making the hole has a notched end which leaves a ridge in the center of th...
-Automatic Balance Attachment For Valves
It is well known that in all air compressors and water pumps the pressure in cylinder of air compressors or in working barrel or cylinder of pumps is much greater at the point of opening the delivery ...
-Improved Safety Valve
In the annexed cut we have represented a steam safety valve, which is the invention of M. Schmidt, M. E., of Zurich, Switzerland. It consists of a lever terminating in two prongs, one of which extends...
-Raising Sunken Vessels
An experiment recently took place in the East India Dock Basin, Blackwall, London, by permission of Mr. J. L. du Plat Taylor, the secretary of the Dock Company, for the purpose of testing and illustra...
-New Hand Power Band Saw
The engraving shows a new hand power band saw made by Frank & Co., of Buffalo, N. Y., and designed to be used in shops where there is no power and where a larger machine would be useless. It is calcul...
-The Harbor Of Montreal
A plan for the improvement of the harbor of Montreal, Canada, has been submitted to the City Board of Trade by James Shearer, a well known citizen. Mr. Shearer's plan is to divert the current of the S...
-Apparatus For Removing Ice From Railroads
The engraving shows an improved apparatus for removing snow and ice from railroads and streets by means of heat. The invention consists of a double furnace mounted on wheels, which are incased in the ...
-Ericsson's New Submarine Gun
The protracted trials conducted on board the Destroyer to test its submarine gun terminated last week. Having, says the Army and Navy Journal, in a previous issue described this novel type of naval ar...
-Recent Inventions
Mr. Francis M. Osborn, of Port Chester, N. Y., has patented a covering for a horse that protects him from the weather and from chafing. The blanket has a band, also stays and straps, the use of which ...
-New Telegraph Insulator
The insulator represented in the annexed engraving was originally designed to meet the requirements of South American telegraph service, but it is equally well adapted to lines in other places. The ma...
-Business Colleges. Packard's Business College
There are two very general prejudices against the class of schools known as business colleges. One is that their chief aim - next to lining the pockets of their proprietors - is to turn out candidates...
-Business Colleges. Packard's Business College. Part 2
This school was established in 1858, under the name of Bryant, Stratton & Packard's Mercantile College, by Mr. S. S. Packard, the present proprietor. It formed the New York link in the chain of instit...
-Business Colleges. Packard's Business College. Part 3
In the third department the student takes an advanced position, and is expected, during the two or three months he will remain in this department, to perfect himself in the more subtle questions invol...
-American Institute Of Architects
The fourteenth annual convention of the American Institute of Architects began in Philadelphia, November 17. Mr. Thomas U. Walter, of Philadelphia, presided, and fifty or more prominent architects wer...
-Vennor's Winter Predictions
He communicates as follows to the Albany Argus: December will, in all probability, open with little snow, but the weather will be cloudy, threatening snow falls. During the opening days of the month,...
-The London Underground Railway
The opening recently of the extension of the Metropolitan Railway to Harrow, and the early commencement of another of the lines of the company, give especial prominence to it. The Metropolitan Undergr...
-Tempering Chisels
A practical mechanic communicates to the Scientific American the following: In hardening and tempering a cold chisel care should be taken to have a gradual shading of temper. If there is a distinct bo...
-Amateur Mechanics. A Simple Single-Acting Steam Engine
The great bugbear staring the amateur mechanic in the face when he contemplates making a small steam engine is the matter of boring the cylinder. To bore an iron cylinder on a foot lathe is difficult ...
-Miscellaneous Inventions
An improved finger ring has been patented by Mr. David Untermeyer, of New York city. The object of this invention is to furnish finger rings so constructed that they can be opened out to represent ser...
-The Hercules Beetle
In the handsome engraving herewith are shown the male and female of the Hercules beetle (Dynastes hercules) of Brazil. The family of the Dynastid comprises some of the largest and most beautifu...
-A Poulterer's View Of Mechanical Poultry Raising
A prominent dealer in poultry, Mr. H. W. Knapp, of Washington Market, gives a discouraging opinion of the probable success of chicken raising by artificial means in this country. He said recently when...
-The Embrace Of The Mantis
Mr. Addison Ellsworth favors us with a transcript of a letter from Mr. Albert D. Rust, of Ennis, Ellis County, Texas, describing a remarkable exhibition of copulative cannibalism on the part of the ma...
-Variegation Of Leaves
By James Hog At the meeting of the Association of Nurserymen in Chicago, last July, one of our prominent horticulturists described leaf variegation as a disease. Incidentally this brought up the qu...
-Variegation Of Leaves. Continued
On the other hand, I have had an oak-leaved geranium overlooked in a corner of the greenhouse until it was almost dried up for lack of water. When its branches were pruned back and it was started into...
-Vanilla, Cinnamon, Cocoanut
The following interesting facts concerning the cultivation of the above products in the island of Ceylon, were given in Mr. H. B. Brady's recent address before the British Pharmaceutical Conference at...
-Learning To Tie Knots
A correspondent suggests that it would be a handy accomplishment for schoolboys to be proficient in the handling, splicing, hitching, and knotting of ropes. He suggests the propriety of having the art...
-Decisions Relating To Patents. Supreme Court Of The United States
PEARCE vs. MULFORD et al. Appeal from the Circuit Court of the United States for the Southern District of New York. 1. Reissued patent No. 5,774 to Shubael Cottle, February 24, 1874, for improve...
-By The Commissioner Of Patents
DICKSON vs. KINSMAN. - INTERFERENCE. - TELEPHONE. The subject matter of the interference is defined in the preliminary declaration thereof as follows: The combination in one instrument of a tran...
-Characteristics Of Arctic Winter
Lieutenant Schwatka, whose recent return from a successful expedition in search of the remains of Sir John Fanklin's ill-fated company, combats the prevalent opinion that the Arctic winter, especially...
-The Collins Line Of Steamers
The breaking up of the Baltic, the last of the famous Collins line of steamships, calls out a number of interesting facts with regard to the history of the several vessels of that fleet. There were fi...
-Chinese Women's Feet
An American missionary, Miss Norwood, of Swatow, recently described in a Times paragraph how the size of the foot is reduced in Chinese women. The binding of the feet is not begun till the child has l...
-Correspondence. Ice At High Temperatures
To the Editor of the Scientific American: Your issues of October 23 and 30 contain some remarkable articles under the heading of Ice at High Temperatures. Prof. Carnelley says; In order to co...
-Schools Of Invention
The school of invention has not yet been established, but its germ is growing in the mechanical schools. This school, according to Hon. W. H. Ruffner, in Va. Ed. Journal, will educate men, and women t...
-Proposed Exhibition Of Bathing Appliances
The Board of Health of this city has recently been notified that a Balneological Exhibition, to illustrate the various systems of bathing, bath appliances, and kindred matters, is to be held in Frankf...
-Business And Personal
The Charge for Insertion under this head is One Dollar a line for each insertion; about eight words to a line. Advertisements must be received at publication office as early as Thursday morning to app...
-English Patents Issued To Americans. From November 9 To November 12, 1880, Inclusive
Book binding, L. Finger, Boston, Mass. Draining and sewerage. G. E. Waring Newport, R. I. Electric gas lighter, G. D. Bancroft. Boston, Mass. Electric signal. EH Johnson et al., Menlo Park, N. J. Hors...
-Hints To Correspondents
No attention will be paid to communications unless accompanied with the full name and address of the writer. Names and addresses of correspondents will not be given to inquirers. We renew our re...
-Hints To Correspondents. Part 2
(11) C. W. S. asks: 1. Is there any practical and effective method known for cutting screws by connecting the slide rest with the mandrel of the lathe by gears or otherwise? A. This can be done in thi...
-Hints To Correspondents. Part 3
(18) L. T. G. writes: 1. I have four cells of carbon battery; the solutions are bichromate of potash and sulphuric acid. Also three cells of the Smee; sulphuric acid one part, to ten of water; and the...
-Communications Received
Liniment. By J. L. T. Seen and Tangible and the Unseen and Intangible. By J. L. T. On Cheap Railroads. By R. P. N. On a Meteor. By W. E. C. [OFFICIAL.] ...
-Index Of Inventions
For Which Letters Patent Of The United States Were Granted In The Week Ending:. November 16, 1880,. And Each Bearing That Date [Those marked (r) are reissued patents.] A printed copy of the s...
-Advertisements
Inside page, each insertion - 75 cents a line. Back page, each insertion - $1.00 a line. (About eight words to a line.) Engravings may head advertisements at the same rate per line, by measur...
-Advertisements. Part 2
In one large quarto volume of 480 pages, and illustrated with 150 wood-cuts and 36 full-page plates (20 of which are double). Bound in half crimson Morocco, gilt tops. Price $15 D. VAN NOSTRAND....
-Advertisements. Part 3
The Perfected Stylografic LITTLE GIANT The most convenient and economical outfit for writing. Pen, Pencil, and Inkstand in one. Writes 50 large pages without refil...
-Advertisements. Part 4
Sent free to those interested. James Leffel & Co, Springfield, O. 110 Liberty St., N. Y. City. Three Beautiful Gift Books For The Holidays. The Dore Bible Gallery. Containing One Hundred of...
-Advertisements. Part 5
Rubber Back Square Packing BEST IN THE WORLD. For Packing the Piston Rods and Valve Stems of Steam Engines and Pumps. B represents that part of the packing which, when in use, is in conta...
-Advertisements. Part 6
Specifications of the conditions and requirements relating to proposals, samples, contract, etc., as well as forms of proposal, will be furnished on application by letter to the Second Assistant Postm...
-Advertisements. Part 7
Mill Stones And Corn Mills We make Burr Millstones, Portable Mills, Smut Machines, Packers, Mill Picks, Water Wheels, Pulleys, and Gearing specially adapted to Flour Mills. Send for catalogue. J...
-Advertisements. Part 8
MICROSCOPES, OPERA GLASSES, SPY Glasses, Spectacles, Thermometers, Barometers, Compasses. R. & J. BECK, Manufacturing Opticians. Philadelphia, Pa. Send for Illustrated Priced Catalogue. ...









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previous page: Scientific American Vol. XL. No. 13. March 29, 1879
  
page up: Scientific American Journal
  
next page: Scientific American Vol. XVII, No. 26. December 28, 1867