3 C. Marilandica L. American Senna. Perennial, smooth; lfts. 6 to 9 pairs, oblong-lanceolate, mucronate, an obovoid gland near the base of the common petiole; fls. in axillary racemes and terminal panicles; leg. curved, 12 to 20-seeded. - This handsome plant is frequently met with in alluvial soils (XL S.) growing in close masses, 3 to 5f high. St. round, striate, often with scattered hairs. Petioles channeled above, and distinguished by the pedicelled gland near the base. Lfts. 1 to 2' by 4 to 9". Racemes in the upper axils, forming a leafy panicle. Petals bright yellow, 3 erect and 2 declined. In medicine it is a mild cathartic. Aug.
4 C. occidentalis L. Annual, smooth; lfts. 3 to 6 pairs, ovate or lance-ovate. sharply acuminate; an obtuse, sessile gland at the base of the petiole; fls. in axillary, short racemes, and panicled above; leg. nearly straight, 25 to 40-seeded. - Waste grounds, Va. to Ga. (Feay), and La. Stem stout, sulcate, 4 to 6f high. Lvs. 7 to 8' long, lfts. 2 to 3'. Stip. deciduous. Fls. large, yellow. Pods strongly margined, rigid, torulous. July. § Cuba.
5 C. obtusifolia L. Annual, smoothish; lfts. about 6, obovate, obtuse; stip. linear-subulate; leg. very long and narrow, recurved, 20 to 40-seeded; seeds longitudinal. - Dry soils, S. Car. to Fla. and La. Plant 1 to 3 to 4f high. St. round, striate. Lvs. 1 to 2' long, half as wide. Pods about 6' long, hardly 2" wide, the seeds longest, the same way with the pod, not transversely as in No. 4. Fls. large, on slender pedicels. Jl. - Oct.
6 C. melanocarpa Vegel. Shrubby; lfts. 2 or 3 pairs, narrowly lanceolate, rather acute at each end, coriaceous; gland pedicellate; rac. pedunculate, in the upper axils, as long as the leaves. - Ga. Escaped from gardens (Feay). Lfts. 12 to 18" by 4 to 5". Fls. as largo as in C Marilandica. §
9. CER'CIS, L. Judas Tree. Red-bud. (Gr. a weaver's shuttle; sc. the legumes.) Calyx broadly campanulate, 5-toothed; petals scarcely papilionaceous; all distinct; wings longer than the vex-illum and smaller than the keel petals; stamens 10, distinct; legume compressed, with the seed-bearing suture winged; seeds obovate. - Trees with simple, cordate lvs. and rose-colored fls.
C. Canadensis L. Lvs. broadly ovate-cordate, acuminate, villous on the veins beneath. - A handsome tree, 20 to 30f high, Mid. and W. States. The wood is finely veined with black and green, and receives a fine polish. Lvs. 3 to 4' by 4 to 5', entire, smooth, 7-veined, on petioles 1 to 2' long. The flowers appear in advance of the leaves, in small, lateral clusters, clothing the whole tree in purple, in early Spring. The young twigs will dye wool a nankeen color. The old author Gerarde in compliance with the popular notion of his time, says " This is the tree whereon Judas did hang himself, and not on the elder tree, as it is said."
10. CLADASTRIS, Raf. Yellow-wood. Calyx 5-toothed, teeth short, obtuse; petals of nearly equal length, those of the keel distinct and straight like the wings; vex. large, roundish, reflexed; stam. 10, distinct; filaments glabrous, incurved, legume flat and thin, short-stiped, 5 or 6-seeded. - A tree with yellow wood, pinnate lvs., and pendulous clusters of white fls.
C. tinctoria Raf. Hills, in rich soils. W. Ky. and W. Tenn. Tree 20 to 40f high, with a smooth greenish bark. Lfts. 7 to 11, stalked, oval, acuminate, 3 to 4' long. Rac. 6 to 10' long, compound, thyrse-like, showy, resembling those of the common locust. Leg. as long as the leaflets, very narrow. Apr., May.
11. BAPTIS'IA, Vent. Wild Indigo. (Gr. to dye; a use to which some species are applied.) Calyx 4 to 5-cleft half way, persistent; petals of about equal length, those of the keel nearly distinct and straight; vexillum orbicular, emarginate; stamens 10, distinct, deciduous; legume inflated, stipitate, many (or by abortion few)-seeded. - Lvs. palmately 3-foliate, or simple.
§ Leaves simple. Flowers yellow.......................................................
. . Nos. 1-3.
§ Leaves 3-foliate. - Fls. blue, in few elongated racemes...................................
- Fls. white in few elongated racemes. (a)
- Fls. yellow, solitary or in short racemes. (b)
a Stipules leaf-like, longer than the petioles................................
Nos. 5, 6
a Stipules much shorter, or not longer than the petioles.....................
Nos. 7, 8
b Pedicels not longer than the calyx. Drying dark..........
Nos. 9, 10
b Pedicels much longer than the calyx. Drying bright....
Nos. 11 - 13
1 B. perfoliata R. Br. Glabrous and glaucous, lvs. oval, orbicular, perfoliate; fls. solitary, axillary. - S. Car. and Ga. (Savannah, Feay) in the pine woods. St. branching, 1 to 2f high. Lvs. large (2 1/2 by 2'), all turned one way, and completely closed at base around the stem or branch. Corolla 6" long, on a pedicel
. half as long. Pod large, inflated. A remarkable species. May - Jl.
2 B. microplry'lla Nutt. "Lvs. simple, sessile, roundish, cuneiform; the upper somewhat clasping, stipules roundish; fls. axillary; legumes short, subglobous." - AY. Fla. to Ala. St. much branched. Lvs. small (7 to 10" in length), the upper partially coalescing with the stipules. Described by Mr. Nuttall from late fruiting specimens. Not since found?
3 B. simplicifolia Croom. Glabrous; lvs. broadly ovate, obtuse, sessile; stip. none; racemes terminal, elongated, many-flowered; bracts ovate, as long as (ho pedicels. - Quincy. Fla. St furrowed, branching, 2 to 3f high. Lvs. large (2 to 4' by 1 1/2 to 3'), rather firm, shining above. Fls. 8 ' long, the pedicels shorter. Leg. ovate, about 6" long. Jn. - Sept.
4 B. australis R. Br. Glabrous; petioles short; 1fts. obovate or somewhat oblong, obtuse: stip. lanceolate, rather longer than the petioles, distinct at base; rac. long, erect; leg. oblong-oval, stipe long as the calyx. - Alluvial soils, Ohio River to Ga. and La. St. 2 to 3f high, branched. Petioles 1 to C" long. Lfts. 1 3/4 to 3' by 3/4 to 1', sometimes acute. Stip. 1/2 to 1' long. Fls. indigo blue, large, very showy. Pod about 2' long. Jn. - Aug.
5 B. leticophaea Nutt. Villous: petioles almost 0; lfts. oblanceolate, varying to obovate; stip. and bracts large, triangular-ovate, persistent; rac. nodding, the many flowers turned to the upper side on their long pedicels; leg. ovoid or roundish, inflated. - Common in wild prairies, W. States and southward. St. 2 to 3f high, smoothish when old. Lfts. 2 to 3' by 1/2 to 1', stipules more than half as large. Rac. 20 to 50-flowered, inclined horizontally. Pedicels 1 to 2' long. Corollas very large, ochroleucous. Apr.