6 B. villosa Ell. Villous-pubescent; petioles almost 0; lfts. lance-oblong, or oblanceolate; stip. lance-linear, persistent; rac. long (erect?); bracts minute, deciduous; ped. not secund; leg. oblong. - N. Car. to Ga., rare. Plant of coarse aspect, as well as No. 5, 2 to 3f high. Lfts. 2 to 3' long, obtuse, tapering at base, becoming smoothish when old. Fls. dirty white, nearly 1' long. Jn., Jl.
7 B. leucantha Torr & Gr. Glabrous and glaucous; lvs. petiolate; lfts. cunei-form-obovate, obtuse: stip. lance-linear about as long as petioles, often caducous; rac. elongated, erect; bracts caducous; leg. inflated, stipitate. - Conspicuous in rich soils, prairies, etc., W. States to Ga. and Fla. St. thick, 2 to 4f high, branched above. Rac. 6 to 24' long, with large white fls. Lfts. 1 to 2' long. The whole plant turns bluish-black in drying. May - Jl.
8 B. alba R. Br. Glabrous, fastigiate-branched above; petioles slender; lfts. elliptic-oblanceolate. acute at base; stip. and bracts minute, caducous; rac. erect or nodding, on a long pedunele; pedicels rather longer than calyx. In rich soils, Va. to Fla. Plant 2 to 3f high. Lfts. about 1' long, a third as wide, the petiole about half as long. Fls. pure white. Plant does not blacken in drying. Mar. Apr.
9 B. lanceolata Ell. Much branched, bushy; lvs. subsessile; lfts. narrowly elliptic, varying to oblanceolate. tapering to a petiolule, obtuse; stip. almost none; fls. axillary, subsolitary, short-pedicelled; leg, ovate-globous. Pine woods, S. Car, to Fla. and La. About 2f high. Foliage yellowish-green; lvs. 2 to 3' long, coriaceous. Fls. large, dull yellow, Apr., Jn. - Each plant forms a globular mass which when dry, breaks away and rolls about with the wind frightening horses; hence called horse-devils. β. Taller, branches less flexuous; lfts. obovate, very obtuse; fls. solitary and somewhat racemed at the ends of the branches. - Fla., La.
10 B. tinctdria R. Br. Glabrous, branching; lvs. subsessile; lfts. small, roundish-obovate, acute at base, very obtuse at apex; stip. setaceous, caducous; rac. loose, terminal; leg. subglobous. - A plant with bluish-green foliage, frequent in dry soils, Can. and U. S. St. very bushy, about 2f high. Lfts. about 7 ' by 4 to 6'", emarginate; petiole 1 to 2" long. Fls. 6 to 12 or more in each raceme. Petals 6" long, yellow. Leg. about as largo as a pea, on a long stipe, mostly 1-seeded Jl. - Sept.
11 B. Lecontii Torr. & Gr. Somewhat pubescent; lvs. short-petioled; lfts. obovate-oblong; pedicels longer than the fls., with two bractlets; bracts persistent; leg. short-stiped; branches, stipules and racemes as in No. 10. - Fla. and S. Ga. Does not turn black in drying. May.
12 B. megacarpa Chapman. Glabrous, slender; lvs. petioled; lfts. oval; rac. short and short -stalked; stip. and bracts minute, caducous; fls. nodding, on pedicels shorter than the corolla; leg. large, globular, and much inflated. - Near Quincy, Fla. Fls. and lvs. nearly as large as in No. 9. Mature pods 1 1/2' diam. Does not blacken in drying. May.
13 B. mollis Mx. Minutely-hoary-pubescent, sparingly branched; petioles half as long as the cuneiform-oblanceolate lfts.; stip. lanceolate, as long as the petioles; pedicels as long as the fls., in terminal racemes. - In mountain woods, N. Car. and Tenn. (Lookout Mt, Chattanooga.) A fine, bright-flowered species, l 1/2f high. Dries bright May. (Thermopsis mollis Curt.)
12. FA'BA, Moench. Horse Bean. Coffee Bean. Flowers as in Vicia, but the seeds oblong, with a long scar (hilum) on the narrower end. and leathery, tumid legumes. - Lvs. equally pinnate, with the tendril obsolete (in the following species). Peduncle shorter than the flowers.
F. vulgaris Moench. St. rigidly erect, with very short axillary racemes; lfts. 2 to 4, oval, entire, mucronate or acute; (tendrils obsolete by cultivation;) stip. semisagittate, dentate at base. - Native of Egypt. Frequently found in gardens, but not so much admired for the table as formerly. Fls. white, with a large black spot on each of the alae. Leg. torulous. Sds. very large, with a large hilum at one end. (Vicia Faba L.)
13. CI'CER arietinum, the Chick Pea, rarely cultivated may be readily known by its serrated leaflets, a character quite strange in this Order.
14. PI'SUM, L. Pea. (Celtic pis, Lat. pisum, Eng. pea, Fr. pois.) Calyx segments leafy, the upper two shortest; vexillum large, reflexed; stamens 10, diadelphous (9 and 1); style grooved on the back, villous and stigmatic on the inner side; legume oblong, tumid, many-seeded; seeds globous, with an orbicular hilum. - Herbaceous, climbing. Lvs. abruptly pinnate, ending with branching tendrils.
P. sativum L. Lfts. ovate, entire, usually 4; stip. ovate, semi-cordate at base, crenate; ped. several-flowered.- One of the most valuable of leguminons plants, smooth and glaucous. St. 2 to 5f long, nearly simple, climbing by tendrils. Lfts. 2 to 3' long, § as wide, obtuse, mucronate, stip. rather larger than the leaflets. Fls. two or more, on axillary peduncles, large, white. This plant has been cultivated from time immemorial, so that its native country is unknown. There are many varieties.
15. LATH'YRUS, L. Calyx campanulate, the two upper sepals shortest; stamens 10, diadelphous (9 and 1); style flat, dilated above, ascending, bent at a right angle with the ovary, pubescent or villous along the inside next the free stamen; legume oblong, several-seeded. - Herbaceous, mostly climbing. Lvs. abruptly pinnate, of 1 to several pairs of leaflets. Petioles produced into tendrils. Pods axillary.
* Leaflets a single pair.......................... Southern, No. 1.............Exotic
Nos. 6 - 8
* Leaflets commonly three pairs. Perennial..............................
Nos. 2, 3
* Leaflets commonly 5 pairs. Perennial..........................
Nos. 4, 5
1 L. pusillus Ell. St. winged; lfts. 2, linear-lanceolate, acute at each end; stip. conspicuous, lance-falcate, half-sagittate; ped. long, 1 to 3-flowered. - S. Car. to La. A weak, scrambling vine. Lfte. 1 1/2 to 2' long, 4 to 6" wide; stip. about a third as long. Tendrils branching. Fls. purple. Leg. linear-oblong, 15 to 20-seeded. Apr., May.