■ leg. roundish-ovate, being much longer than the calyx. - Dry woods, Can and II. S. Sts. 1 to 2f high. Cor. 3 to 4" long. Pods about 2" long. Jl., Aug.- Varies gradually into the following diverse extremes.
reticulata. Lfts. all linear (10 to 18" by 2 to 3"), rigid, on short, erect petioles; fls. fascicled, on short stalks. - Erect, slonder; branches short or none. (L. reticulata Pers.)
divergens T. & G. Lfts. ovate, the upper peduncles filiform, much longer than the leaves and mostly unfruitful. (L. divergens Ph.) 5 L. repens Torr. & Gr. St. prostrate, diffuse, sparingly pubescent; lfts. oval . or obovate-elliptical, smooth above, on very short petioles; ped. axillary, filiform,
■ simple, few-flowered, lower ones bearing apetalous flowers; leg. suborbicular, subpubescent. - Dry soils, Can. and U. S. Sts. very slender, numerous. Lfts.
5 to 9" by 3 to 5", obtuse. Ped. 2 to 5' long. Aug., Sept. (H. repens L.)
β. procumbens. Tomentous-pubescent, varying to pubescent, but the lvs. always smooth above. (L. procumbens Mx.) feayana. Smoothish; sts. decumbent and assurgent; lfts. obovate, twice longer than the petioles; upper ped. elongated and bearing apetalous fls. - Savannah. (Feay.) Appears intermediate between Nos. 3 and 5.
25. GENISTA, L. Dyer's Broom. Woad-waxen. (Celtic, gen, Fr., genet; a small shrub.) Calyx with the upper lip 2-partcd and the lower 3-toothed; vexillum oblong; keel oblong, scarcely including the stamens and style; stigma involute; stamens monadelphous. - Shrubby plants, with simple lvs. and yellow fls.
G. tinctoria L. Branches round, striate, unarmed, erect; lvs. lanceolate, smooth; leg. smooth.- A naturalized species, in dry, hilly grounds, Mass. Sts. or branches numerous, ascending or erect, 1f high, from long, woody, creeping roots. Lvs. sessile, alternate. Fls. bright-yellow, axillary, sessile or nearly so, solitary. The whole plant dyes yellow, and, with Woad, green. Aug. § Eur.
26. CROTALA'RIA, L. Rattle Pod. (Gr. a rattle; from the rattling of the loose seeds in the horny pod.) Calyx 5-cleft, somewhat bilabiate; vexillum cordate, large; keel acuminate; stamens 10, monadelphous; filamentous sheath cleft on the upper side; legume .pedicellate, turgid. - Herbs or shrubs. Lvs. simple or palmately compound. Fls. yellow.
1 C. sagittalis L. Annual, erect, branching, hairy; lvs. simple, lance-oval to lancelinear; stp opposite, acuminate, decurrent; rac. 3-flowered, opposite to the lvs.; cor. shorter than the cal. - About a foot high, with a hairy aspect, in woods and sandy fields, N. H. to Ark. St. herbaceous, rigid. Lvs. alternate, entire, nearly sessile, rounded at the base. Its most remarkable feature is the opposite, united, decurrent stipules, so situated that each pair appears inversely sagittate. Sep. long, hairy. Cor. small, yellow. Sds. few, rattling in the turgid pod. Jl.
2 C. ovalis Ph. Perennial, hairy, diffuse; lvs. simple, oval and elliptic, on very short petioles; stip. few, small or minute, partly decurrent; pedicels long, 3 to 6-flowered; cor. longer than the cal. - In sandy woods, N. Car. to Fla. and La. Rt. strong, fusiform. Sts. annual, 4 to 10 to 12' long, prostrate or assurgent; lvs. about 1' long. Fls. rather showy and remote, with minute, lanceolate bracts. Pods 1' long, rattling. Ap. - Jn.
3 C. Purshii DC. Perennial; slender, assurgent, nearly smooth; lvs. simple, oblong-linear or linear, subsessile; stip. narrowly decurrent through the whole inltr-node; pedicels long, 5 to 7-flowered; cor. as long as the cal. - In damp shades, S. Car. to Fla. and La. Sts. 12 to 18' high. Lvs. 2 to 3' long. Pods much inflated, black, horny, and rattling like the other species when fully ripe. Apr. Jl.
27. LUPI'NUS, Tourn. Lupine. (Lat. lupus, a wolf; because it overruns the field and devours its fertility?) Calyx deeply bilabiate; upper lip 2-cleft, lower entire or 3-toothed; wings united at the summit; keel falcate, acuminate; stamens monadelphous, the filamentous sheath entire; anthers alternately oblong and globous; legume coriaceous, compressed. - Herbs, rarely shrubby. Lvs. palmately 5 to 15 foliate, rarely unifoliate.
1 L. villosus Willd. Unifoliate, densely silky-tomentous; sts. decumbent-assur-gent; lvs. large, elliptic-oblong, long-petioled; rac. terminal, long, dense-flowered. - A very showy plant in the pine barrens, etc., N. C. to Fla. Plant 1 to 2f high, remarkably clothed in silky wool, the lvs. 3 to 5' long, mostly at the base, and the numerous (50 to 100), large, violet, and roseate flowers above them. Pods covered with shaggy wool, oblong, 4 or 5-seeded. Apr., Jn.
β diffusus T. & G. Somewhat branched at base, and diffuse; lvs. shorter (2 to 3'), oval-oblong, obtuse, soft-silky, but hardly tomentous; pods very silky. - Near Savannah, etc. (Feay and Pond.) (L. diffusus Nutt.)
2 L. perennis L. Minutely pubescent, 5 to 7-foliate; lfts. oblanceolate, mucron-ate; fls. alternate; calyx without appendages, upper lip emarginate, lower entire.- In sandy woods and hills. Can. to Fla. It is a beautiful plant, cultivated in gardens. It is often called sun-dial, from the circumstance of its lvs. turning to face the sun from morning till night. St. erect, soft, smoothish, a foot high. Lvs. soft-downy, on long stalks; lfts. 1 1/2 to 2' by 4 to 6", lanceolate, broadest above the middle. Fls. blue, varying to white in a terminal spike or raceme. May, Jn.
3 L. polyphyllus Lindl. Tall, 11 to 15-foliate; lfts. lanceolate, sericeous beneath; fls. alternate, in a very long raceme; pedicels longer than the lanceolate, deciduous bracts; cal.,ebracteolate, both lips subentire; leg. densely hairy.-