Ц Smooth, erect, glaucous. Lvs. bi or tri-ternate, lfts. entire. Umbels perfect, with no involucre or involucels. Fls. yellow.
Z integerrima DC. Rocky woods, etc. Mich., N. Y., to Ga. Plant 1 to 2f or more high, readily recognized by its entire leaflets, which are oblong and ovate, 1' or \ more in length, petiolate. Rays of the umbel very slender, 2 to 3' long, about \ 13 in number, with minute involucels or none. May - Jl
17. SCAN'DIX, L. Venus' Comb. (Gr. , to prick; on account of its sharp seeds:) Calyx limb obsolete; petals obovate and oblong, undivided, more or less unequal; fruit laterally compressed or nearly terete, attenuated into a beak which is longer than the seed ; carpels with 5 obtuse, equal ribs, vittae 0, or scarcely any. - (1) or (2) Lvs. finely dissected. Invol. 0. Involucel 5 to 7-leaved. Fls. white.
S. apiculata Willd. Slender, with slender branches and long petioles on inflated sheaths; the pinnas 3 or 4 remote pairs dichotomously decompound; ultimate segn. acute; umbels about 3-rayed; bracts of the involucel lance-ovate, 2 or 3-cuspidate; pet. oblong; fr. beak long, slender, forked at apex with the sty. - A curious plant found near Savannah (Feay), much resembling the S. pecten of Europe. Sts. 12 to 18' high. Fr. 9" long.
18. 0SM0RHI'ZA, Raf. Sweet Cicely. (Gr. , perfume, root; from the anisate, aromatic root.) Calyx margin obsolete; petals oblong, nearly entire, the cuspidate point inflexed; styles conical at base; fruit linear, very long, clavate, attenuate at base; carpels with 5 equal, acute, bristly ribs; intervals without vittae; commissure with a deep, bristly channel. - Ц Lvs. biternately divided, with the umbels opposite. Invol. few-leaved ; involucels 4 to 7-leaved. Fls. white.
J. O. longistylis DC. Sty. filiform, nearly as long as the ovary; fr. clavate.- Woods, Can. to Va., 1 to 3f high, with inconspicuous umbels of white flowers. Rt. branching, fleshy, of an agreeable, spicy flavor. St. erect, branching above, nearly smooth. Lvs. many, decompound, the ultimate divisions often pinnate ; lfts. irregularly divided, the lobes broadly ovate, slightly pubescent. Involucres of linear bracts longer than the rays. Fr. blackish, an inch in length, crowned with the slender persistent styles. May, Jn. (Fig. 207.)
2 O. brevfstylis DC. Sty. conical, scarcely as long as the breadth of the ovary; fr. somewhat tapering at the summit. - Common in woods, Can. to Penn. W. to Or. Aspect similar to that of the preceding, but the root is destitute of the aniselike flavor of that species, being disagreeable to the taste. The plant is more hairy, and with more deeply cleft divisions in the leaves. Invol. deciduous. Umbels with long, diverging rays, of which but few prove fertile. Fr. crowned with short, convergent (not spreading) styles. May, Jn.
19. CHaeROPHYL'LUM, L. Calyx limb obsolete; petals obovate, emarginate, point inflexed; fruit laterally compressed, contracted above but scarcely beaked; carpels with 5 obtuse, equal ribs; intervals with 2 vittse, commissure deeply sulcate. - Lvs. 2 to 3-pinnately divided, segm. incisely cleft or toothed. Invol. 0, or few-leaved; involucel many-leaved. Fls. mostly white.
1 C. procumbens Lara. Decumbent or assurgent, nearly glabrous; segm. of the lvs. pinnatifld, with oblong, obtuse lobes; umbels diffuse, few-flowered, often simple, sessile or pedunculate; invol. 0; involucels of 3 or 4 very small oval lfts; fr. linear-oblong, acute; ribs narrower than the intervals. - (1) or (2) Moist woods, Ohio, (Clark) Ky. (Short) to S. Ca. Sts. 1 to 2f long, pubescent when young, diffuse, slender. Segm. of the lvs. rather open, about 4" by 1". Rays 1 to 4, 1 to 4-flowered, about 2' long. Apr. May. (Scandix procumbens L.)
2 C. Tainturieri Hook and Am. Decumbent or erect; lvs. tripinnate, segm. crowded, again pinnatifld or bipinnatifid, ultimate segm. very small, oblong, acute; fr. attenuated to a short beak; ribs terete, much broader than the intervals. - E. Ga. (Feay, Pond) to Ala. and La. (Hale). Plant 10 to 20' high, smooth when old. Lvs. very finely dissected, ultimate segm. only 1" long. Fr. nearly 4" long, brown and smooth when ripe.
20. CONIOSELTNUM, Fisch. (Name compounded of Conium and Selinum.) Calyx teeth obsolete; petals obovate, with an inflected point; fruit compressed on the back ; carpels with 5-winged ribs, lateral ones marginal and much the broadest; intervals with 1 to. 3 vittae, commissure with 4 to 8. - (2) Smooth. St. hollow. Lvs. on very large, inflated petioles. Invol. various ; involucels 5 to 7-leaved.
C. Canadense Torr. and Gr. Lvs. ternately divided, divisions bipinnate, with oblong-linear lobes; invol. 0, or 2 to 3-leaved; fr. oblong-oval; vittae solitary in the dorsal intervals, 2 to 3 in the lateral. - In wet woods, Me. to Wis., but not common. St. 3 to 5f high. Lvs. much compounded, the ultimate segments pinnatifld with linear-oblong lobes. Umbels compound. Pet. white, spreading. Sty. slender, diverging. Fr. about 2" long. Aug. Sept.
21. LIGUS'TICUM, L. Lovage. (One species was said to be native of Liguria.) Calyx teeth minute or obsolete ; petals obovate, emarginate, with an inflexed point; fruit nearly terete, or slightly compressed laterally; carpels sharply 5-ribbed, with numerous vittae. - Ц Lvs. ternately divided. Invol. many-leaved. Fls. white.
1 L. Scoticum L. Sea Lovage. Glabrous; st. lvs. biternate, the upper ones ternate; lateral lfts. oblique, cut-dentate, the terminal one rhomboid; bracts of the invol. numerous, linear. - Fr. narrowly oblong. - Sea coast. Rt. thick, tapering. St. a foot high, nearly simple, striate, smooth. Lvs. petiolate. Lfts. 1 to 2 1/2 long, dark green, smooth and shining, entire at base, serrate above. Fr. 4 to 5" long. Jl § Eur.